2. The Pilot
3. Aerial Routes
4. Aeroplane Parts
5. On Clothing
6. On Food
7. On Metals
8. Heat Absorbing Metals
12. Yantras or Machinery
13. Parts of Yantras
14. Varieties of Aeroplanes
15. Shakuna Vimana
16. Sundara Vimana
17. Rukma Vimana
18. Tripura Vimana
I make obeisance to the Divine Being, who is visible
on the crest of the Vedas, who is the fountain of eternal
bliss, and whose abode is reached by Vimaanas or Aeroplanes.
Having studied the Shaastraas or sciences propounded by
previous men of science to the best of my ability, for the
benefit of mankind, I shall deal with the science of Aeronautics,
which is the essence of the Vedas, which will be a source
of joy and benefit to humanity, which will facilitate comfortable
travel in the sky from world to world, in eight chapters,
consisting of 100 topics, in 500 sutras or cryptic pronouncements.
Commentary by Bodhaananda:
I bow to God Mahadeva and His Consort, to Saraswathi
Goddess of learning, to Ganapathy guardian of benevolent
efforts, and to my venerable preceptor, and I bow to Maharshi
Bharadwaaja. In Addition to my own knowledge of Logic, I
have five times turned over Vaalmeeki's Mathematics, 'Paribhaashaa
Chandrikaa,' and 'Naamaarthhakalpaka,' and aided by their
authority, I, Swaamy Bodhaananda, for the easy understanding
of the young, have written this 'Bodhananda Vritti,' to
elucidate Maharshi Bharadwaaja's concisely worded text on
At the outset Maharshi Bharadwaaja invokes God in the
traditional manner for the successful commencement, progress,
and completion of his great literary work. Attaining mastery
over the Vedas by Divine Grace, and studying the works of
earlier Aachaaryaas or preceptors, he has churned the Vedic
lore, and extracting the, cream, presented it to mankind
for reaping untold benefits, in the work named 'Yantrasarvasva.'
In the fortieth chapter therein he deals with the science
of Aeronautics, explaining the construction and use of many
kinds of aeroplanes, in 8 chapters, containing 100 subject
heads, comprising 500 sutras or oracular pronouncements.
In the first stanza the reference is to the teaching
of the sacred works, "Uttara-taapaneeya," 'Shaibya-prasna,'
'Kaataka,' and 'Maandookya,' that the symbolic letter, 'Om,'
leads to the knowledge of God and Salvation. Bharadwaaja
implies that the Vimaana or aeroplane constructed according
to Vymaanika Shaastra, may enable men to reach God, and
enjoy the benefits of His Divine abode.
The previous Aachaaryaas Bharadwaaja refers to are named
by Vishwanaatha as,--Naaraayana, Shownaka, Garga, Vaachaspathi,
Chaakraayani and Dhundinaatha, venerable authors of "Vimaana-Chandrikaa",
"Vyomayaana-Tantra," "Yantra-Kalpa", "Yaana-Bindu," "Kheta-yaana
Pradeepikaa," and "Vyomayaana-Arkaprakaasha," respectively.
Bharadwaaja thus defines the word Vimaana:
Vimaano Andajaanaam. Sootra 1.
"Owing to similarity
of speed with birds, it is named Vimaana."
The word "andaja" means "egg-born", and includes eagles
and other birds which fly by their own volition. The Vimaana
is a vehicle which flies in the sky with speed comparable
Lallachaarya says, "That which can fly in the sky with
speed equal to that of birds, is called Vimaana."
Aachaarya Naaraayana says,
"That which can speed on earth, on water, through air,
by its own power, like a bird, is a "Vimaana."
Shankha says, "Experts in the science of aeronautics
say, "That which can fly through air from one place to another
is a Vimaana"
And Vishwambhara says, "Experts say that that which can
fly through air from one country to another country, from
one island to another island, and from one world to another
world, is a "Vimaana"."
Having thus defined the name of the Vimaana, the sage
proceeds to describe its details.
is one who knows the secrets."
Bodhaananda: Scientists say that there are 32 secrets
of the working of the Vimaana. A pilot should acquaint himself
thoroughly with them before
he can be deemed competent to handle the aeroplane. He
must know the structure of the aeroplane, know the means
of its take off and ascent to the sky, know how to drive
it and how to halt it when necessary, how to manoeuvre it
and make it perform spectacular feats in the sky without
crashing. Those secrets are given in "Rahasya-Lahari" and
other works, by Lalla and other masters, and are described
"The pilot should have had training in maantrica and
taantrica, kritaka and antaraalaka, goodha or hidden, drishya
and adrishya or seen and unseen, paroksha and aparoksha,
contraction and expansion, changing shape, look frightening,
look pleasing, become luminous or enveloped in darkness,
deluge or pralaya, vimukha, taara, stun by thunderous din,
jump, move zig-zag like serpent, chaapala, face all sides,
hear distant sounds, take pictures, know enemy manoeuvres,
know direction of enemy approach, stabdhaka or paralyse,
and karshana or exercise magnetic pull.
These 32 secrets the pilot should learn from competent
preceptors, and only such a person is fit to be entrusted
with an aeroplane, and not others.
They are explained
thus by Siddhanaatha:
1. Maantrika; As prescribed in "Mantraadhikaara,"
by invoking the mantras of Chhinnamasta, Bhairavee, Veginee,
Siddhaamba, acquire the powers of ghutikaa, paadukaa, visible
and invisible and other mantraas with potent herbs and efficacious
oils, and Bhuvaneswaree Mantra which confers spiritual and
mesmeric powers, to construct aeroplanes, which don't break
cannot be cut, cannot be burnt, and cannot be destroyed.
2. Taantrika: By acquiring Mahaamaaya, Shambara,
and other taantric powers, to endow the plane with those
3. Kritaka: By study of architects like Vishwakarma,
Chhaayaaparusha, Mann, Maya and others, to construct aeroplanes
of various patterns.
4. Antaraala: In the wind-swept atmospheric region
of the sky, in the clash at the borders of mighty currents,
an inadvertent plane is likely to be smashed to pieces.
But by getting warned of the approach of such danger spots,
the plane could be halted and steered with care.
5. Goodha: As explained in 'Vaayutatva-Prakarana',
by harnessing the powers, Yaasaa, Viyaasaa, Prayaasaa in
the 8th atmospheric layer covering the earth, to attract
the dark content of the solar ray, and use it to hide the
Vimaana from the enemy.
6. Drishya: By collision of the electric power
and wind power in the atmosphere, a glow is created, whose
reflection is to be caught in the Vishwa-Kriyaa-darapana
or mirror at the front of the Vimana, and by its manipulation
produce a Maaya-Vimaana or camouflaged Vimana.
7. Adrishya: According to "Shaktitantra", by means
of the Vynarathya Vikarana and other powers in the heart
centre of the solar mass, attract the force of the ethereal
flow in the sky, and mingle it with the balaahaavikarana
shakti in the aerial globe, producing thereby a white cover,
which will make the Vimana invisible.
8. Paroksha: According to "Meghotpatthi-prakarana,"
or the science of the birth of clouds, by entering the second
of the summer cloud layers, and attracting the power therein
with the shaktyaakarshana darpana or force-attraction mirror
in the Vimana, and applying it to the parivesha or halo
of the Vimaana, a paralysing force is generated, and opposing
Vimaanas are paralysed and put out of action.
9. Aparoksha: According to 'Shakti-tantra,' by
projection of the Rohinee beam of light, things in front
of the Vimaana are made visible.
10. Sankocha, or Contraction: As prescribed in
the Yantraangopasamhaara section, when the Vimaana is flying
at speed with fully extended wings, and there is danger
ahead, turning the 7th switch in the Vimana, its parts can
be made to contract.
11. Vistrita: According to 'Akaashatantra', when
the Vimana is in the central air flood in the third and
first regions of the sky, by turning the switch in the 11th
section of plane, it becomes expanded suitably according
to "Vaalmeeki Ganita."
12. Viroopa Karana: As stated in "Dhooma Prakarana",
by producing the 32nd kind of smoke through the mechanism,
and charging it with the light of the heat waves in the
sky, and projecting it through the padmaka chakra tube to
the bhyravee oil-smeared Vyroopya-darpana at the top of
the Vimaana, and whirling with 132nd type of speed, a very
fierce and terrifying shape of the Vimana will emerge, causing
utter fright to onlookers.
13. Roopaantara: As stated in "Tylaprakarana,"
by preparing griddhrajihwaa, kumbhinee, and kaakajangha
oils and anointing the distorting mirror in the Vimaana
with them, applying to it the 19th kind of smoker
and charging with the kuntinee shakti in the Vimana,
shapes like lion, tiger, rhinoceros, serpent, mountain,
river will appear and amaze observers and confuse them.
14. Suroopa: By attracting the 13 kinds of Karaka
force mentioned in "Karaka prakarana" applying snow-surcharged
air and projecting it through the air conveying tube to
the pushpinee-pinjula mirrors in the front right side of
the Vimana, and focusing on it the suragha beam, a heavenly
damsel bedecked with flowers and jewels will appear to onlookers
of the Vimana.
15. Jyotirbhaava: As stated in "Amshubodhinee,"
out of Samgnaana and other 16 digits of the solar glow,
by attracting the 12th to the 16th digits and focusing them
on the air force in the Mayookha section in the fourth pathway
in the sky, and similarly by attracting the force of the
etherial glow and mingling it with the glow in the 7th layer
of air mass, and then by projecting both these forces through
the 5 tubes in the Vimana on to the section of the guhaa-garbha
mirror, a rich glow like the morning glow of the sun will
16. Tamomaya: As described in "Darpana Prakarana,"
by means of the dark force mirror, capture the force of
darkness, pass it through the Thamo-Yantra in the north-west
side of the Vimana, and by turning a switch produce at noon-day
the utter darkness of the night of the new-moon.
17. Pralaya: As described in the magic book of
destruction, attract the 5 kinds of smoke through the tube
of the contracting machine in the front part of the Vimana,
and merge it in the cloud-smoke mentioned in "Shadgarbha
Viveka", and pushing it by electric force through the five-limbed
aerial tube, destroy everything as in a cataclysm.
18. Vimukha: As mentioned in "Rig-hridaya", by
projecting the force of Kubera, Vimukha and Vyshawaanara
poison powder through the third tube of the roudree mirror
and turning the switch of the air mechanism, produce wholesale
insensibility and coma.
19. Taara: By mixing with etherial force 10 parts
of air forte, 7 parts of water force, and 16 parts of solar
glow, and projecting it by means of the star-faced mirror
through the frontal tube of the Vimana; the appearance of
a star-spangled sky is created.
20. Mahaashabda Vimohana: By concentrating the
air force in the seven tubes of the Vimana, and turning
the switch, produce, as stated in "Shabda prakaashikaa"
a crescendo of thunderous din, which stuns people, and makes
them quake with fear and become insensible.
21. Langhana: As stated in "Vaayu tattva prakarana"
When crossing from one air stream into another, the Vimana
faces the baadaba glow of the sun and catches fire. In order
to prevent that, the electric force and air force in the
Vimana should be conjoined and centred in the life-centre
of the Vimana, and by turning the switch, the Vimana will
leap into safety.
22. Saarpa-Gamana: By attracting the dandavaktra
and other seven forces of air, and joining with solar rays,
passing it through the zig-zagging centre of the Vimana,
and turning the switch, the Vimana will have a zig-zagging
motion like a serpent.
23. Chaapala: On sighting an enemy plane, by turning
the switch in the force centre in the middle section of
the Vimana, a 4087 revolutions an hour atmospheric wave
speed will be generated, and shake up the enemy plane.
24. Sarvatomukha: When a formation of enemy planes
comes to attack one's Vimana, by turning the switch at the
crown of the Vimana, make it revolve with agility and face
25. Parashabda Graahaka: As explained in "Sowdaaminee
kalaa" or science of electronics, by means of the sound
capturing yantra in the Vimana, to hear the talks and sounds
in enemy planes flying in the sky.
26. Roopaakarshana: By means of the photographic
yantra in the Vimana to obtain a television view of things
inside an enemy plane.
27. Kriyaagrahana: By turning the key at the bottom
of the Vimana, a white cloth is made to appear. By electrifying
the three acids in the north-east part of the Vimana, and
subjecting them to the 7 kinds of solar rays, and passing
the resultant force into the tube of the Thrisheersha mirror
and making the cloth screen face the mirror, and switching
on the upper key, all the activities going on down below
on the ground, will be projected on the screen.
28. Dikpradarshana: Turning the key at the front
of the Vimana the dishaampati yantra will show the direction
from which the enemy plane is approaching.
29. Aakaashaakaara: According to "Aakaasha-tantra",
by mixing black mica solution with neem and bhoonaaga decoctions
and smearing the solution on the outer body of the Vimana
made of mica plates, and exposing to solar rays, the plane
will look like the sky and become indistinguishable.
30. Jalada roopa: Mixing pomegranate juice, bilva
or bael oil, copper-salt, kitchen smoke, granthika or gugul
liquid, mustard powder, and fish scale decoctions, and adding
sea-shell and rock-salt powder, and collecting smoke of
the same solution and spreading it with solar heat enveloping
the cover, the Vimana will have the appearance of a cloud.
31. Stabdhaka: By projecting apasmaara poison-fume
smoke through the tube on the north side on the Vimana,
and discharging it with stambhana-yantra, people in enemy
planes will be made unconscious.
32. Karshana: When enemy planes come in strength
to destroy one's Vimana, by setting aflame the Jwaalinee
shakit in the Vyshwaanara-naala or pipe located at the navel
of the plane, and switching the keys of the two wheels to
87 degrees of heat, the burning shakti will envelope the
enemy plane and destroy it.
These are the 32 rahasyaas or secrets which should be
known by pilots according to Siddhanaatha.
"Maargaadhikaranam " Aerial Routes:
should know five things."
As the secrets of aeronautics are indicated in the second
sutra, the five atmospheric regions are referred to in the
third sutra. According to Shownaka, the regions of the sky
are five, named, Rekhaapathha, Mandala, Kakshya, Shakti,
In these 5 atmospheric regions, there are 5,19,800 air
ways traversed by Vimanas of the Seven Lokas or worlds,
known as Bhooloka, Bhuvarloka, Suvarloka, Maholoka, Janoloka,
Tapoloka and Satyaloka.
Dhundinaatha and "Vaalmeeki Ganita" state that Rekha
has 7,03,00,800 air routes, Mandala has 20,08,00200 air
routes, Kakshya has 2,09,00,300 air routes, Shakti has 10,01,300
air routes, and Kendra has 30,08,200 air routes.
According to "Vaalmeeki Ganita" in the Rekhaapathha region,
sections 1 to 4 are suitable for the passage of the Vimanas
of this Bhooloka. In the Mandala region sections 3 to 5
are suitable for Vimanas of Bhuvarloka, Suvarloka, and Maholoka
dwellers. For the Janoloka Vimanas sections 2 to 5 in the
Kakshya region are suitable. Section 1 to 6 in the Shakti
region are suitable for the Vimanas of Tapoloka. For the
dwellers of Bramhaloka sections 3 to 11 in the Kendra region
are suitable, according to shaastras like "Vaalmeeki Ganita"
Aavartaas or aerial whirlpools are innumerable in the
above regions. Of them the whirlpools in the routes of Vimanas
are five. In the Rekhapathha there occurs "Shaktyaavarta"
or whirlpool of energy. In Mandala-pathha there occurs the
whirlpool of winds. In Kakshyaa-pathha there occurs Kiranaavarta
or whirlpool from solar rays. In Shakti-pathha there occurs
shytyaavarta or whirlpool of cold-currents. And in Kendra-pathha
there occurs gharshanaavartha or whirl-pool by collision.
Such whirlpools are destructive of Vimanas, and have to
be guarded against.
The pilot should know these five sources of danger, and
learn to steer clear of them to safety.
are thirty one"
Just as the human body, if it is complete in all its
limbs, is best able to accomplish things, the Vimana, if
it is complete in all its parts, will be capable of functioning
efficiently. From the location of the Vishwakriyaadarpana
continues] 31 locations of Vimana components
According to "Chaayaapurusha Shaastra" they are:
1. Vishwakriyaadarpana or mirror of outside views.
2. Shaktyaakarshana or energy attracting mirror.
3. Parivesha mechanism above the hood of the Vimana.
4. Angopasamhaara yantra or folding up yantra at the
5. Vistritakriyaa or opening out yantra location in the
middle of the 11th section.
6. Vyroopya darpana and
7. Padmachakramukha at the shirobhaaga or crest of the
8. The Kuntinee-shakti mechanism is to be in the neck
of the Vimana.
9. Pushpinee and Pinjulaa Mirrors are to be in the right
side of the centre.
10. At the front of the left side are to be located the
Naalapanchaka or 5 pipes.
11. Guhaagarbha mirror yantra is to be in the front part
of the stomach of the plane.
12. Thamoyantra at the north western side.
13. Pancha-vaataskandha-naala on the western centre.
14. Rowdree mirror.
15. Vaataskandha keelaka at the bottom centre.
16. Shaktisthaana at the front and right sides.
17. Shabda-kendra-mukha at the left side.
18. Vidyuddwaadashaka at the north-east side.
19. Praanakundala at the moola of the Vimana.
20. Shaktyudgama at the navel of the Vimana.
21. Vakraprasaarana at the side of Vimanaadhaara.
22. Shaktipanjara in the central portion.
23. Shirahkeelaka at the head of the Vimana.
24. Shabdaakarshaka yantra at the shoulder.
25. Pata-prasaarana at the bottom centre.
26. Dishaampati yantra at the left front.
27. Pattikaabhraka at the centre of the hood of the Vimana.
28. Solar power attractor at the top of the Vimana.
29. Apasmaara or poison gas at the sandhi-naala mukha
or junction tube front.
30. Sthambhana yantra at the bottom.
31. Vyshwaanara-naala at the navel centre.
This is the placing of the 31 components of the Vimana.
": On Clothing
prithak prithak ritubhedaat." Sootra 6.
should be different for different seasons."
The sootra defines the clothing which is to be provided
to the pilot in accordance with different seasonal conditions.
The impact of the sun's myriad rays on the revolving earth
causes seasonal climatic changes. Their effects on human
life are either wholesome or unwholesome, as the case may
be. The latter cause cramps, drain blood, and denude the
body of fat, flesh, and other ingredients. The evil forces
of the seasons are reckoned as 25, and affect the skin,
bone, flesh, fat, muscles, nerves, joints and other parts
of the pilots' body. The clothing provided to them should
be such as to safeguard against such effects, and maintain
According to "Pata-samskaara Ratnaakara", silk, cotton,
moss, hair, mica, leather, are to be purified by 25 processes,
washed with mica-saturated water, and spun into yarn as
prescribed by Gaalava. Then fibres from the ketaki flower
palm, arka or swallow wort or madar, sun flower tree, cocoanut
and jute, should each be purified 8 times as prescribed
and by 19 processes, spun into yarn, and woven into cloth.
Then the cloth should be soaked in the oils of linseed,
tulasi or basil, goose-berry, shamee or acacia suma, bael,
and mustard, and dried in the sun 5 times daily for 7 days.
Then yellow ochre, lac, tamarind, honey and gingelly manure
and mica in equal parts and yena-kshaara salt, put in a
crucible vessel, placed in koorma furnace, and boiled with
the aid of 3 faced bellows. 8 seers of linseed juice should
be added to it. Bees wax, mica, shinjeera, vajra, borax,
and ashoka fruit should be boiled, and their oil mixed with
the other composition, and boiled in garbhataapana yantra.
Then the cloth should be soaked in that decoction and dried
5 times. With this material, fashioning the apparel and
clothes of the pilots handsomely, according to the types
of the cloth and requirements the crew, as prescribed by
Agnimitra, and handing it to them to wear, they should be
conferred benediction, given a protective amulet and then
sent out with cheers. It will ward off evils, promote fitness
of body and health of mind, and improve their strength,
energy, and competence.
Kalpabhedaat" Sootra 7.
As stated in Kalpa Sootra, the food of the pilots is
of three kinds, according to the seasons. "Ashana-Kalpa"
or "Principles of Diet", says--"During the spring and summer
months, the pilot's food should consist of buffalo-milk
among liquids, among grains aadhaka or tuvar-dhal, and among
flesh, the flesh of sheep.
In the 4 months of rains and autumn, cow's milk among
liquids, wheat and black-gram among grains, and flesh of
cocks and hens.
In the 4 months of winter and snow, goat's-milk, yava
and black-gram among grains, and flesh of sparrows.
For pilots belonging to the three Dwija castes of Braahmin,
Kshatriya and Vyshya, the food will not include flesh.
Naashas Tribhyaha" Sootra 8.
Varieties ward off seasonal evil effects"
The 25 kinds of poisonous effects of the seasons are
warded off by alteration in the food so as to suit the seasonal
The seasons are each differently conditioned by the changes
in the watery forces in the sky. The 101 forces in the aerial
atmosphere, colliding with the 1/16th force in the watery
sky in the seventh region, at the sineevaalee and kuhoo
yogas or full-moon and new-moon conjunctions, produce maleficent
and beneficent effects. The beneficent forces are 7,58,00,900
in number, and the maleficent forces also are of the same
number, according to "Vaalmeeki Ganita". The beneficent
effects are during the full moon period, and the maleficent
effects during the new-moon period. 25 maleficent poisonous
forces known as Bhedinee, tend to paralyse the pilots' physical
effeciency. That is avoided by altering their food according
to seasons. So says Sage Shaataatapa.
By such adjustment
the pilots' physical fitness will be maintained.
☞ "Tat Kaalaanusaaraat
iti" Sootra 9.
"That at set
Having defined the seasonal types of food, the meal times
are now defined. According to Shownaka, the times for taking
meals are prescribed as follows: Family men should take
food twice a day, or once a day. Ascetics should take food
once a day. Others can take food four times a day. Air pilots
should take food 5 times a day. And yogis may take as many
times as they like.
According to "Lalla-kaarika" or "Diet Rules" by Lalla,
Food should be taken at the end of the 2nd yaama-(yaama=3
hours) in the day time, and at the end of the 1st yaama
in the night. That is for family men. If they take only
one meal a day, it should be during the 3rd and 4th yaamas.
Sanyaasis or ascetics who eat only once a day should dine
as above. For the labouring classes the times are thrice
during day time, and once in the night. For pilots of Vimanas
the meals are thrice during day time, and twice at night.
Sathva-Golovaa" Sootra 10.
then vitamin pills or food-balls"
If the prescribed food-stuffs are not available for use
during their flights, then essence extracts made by proper
cooking with admixture of spices and condiments into potable
and eatable form, or food balls-made out of them should
be supplied to the pilots for consumption on flights.
Says "Ashana kalpa" or "Food manual",
"There are 5 kinds of food, that are nutritious and wholesome;
cooked rice or grain, gruel, cooked flour, baked flat bread,
and preparations made out of essence-extracts from food
materials. The last named are superior to all the others".
"Paakasarvasva" or "Art of cooking" observes,
"Removing the husk and other non-food parts from it by
machines, the grain should be made into flour and cooked
in a suitable vessel and when it has reached the 8th degree
of reduction, add essences, sweets, condiments, and ghee,
and prepare food-balls, having nice flavour and delicious
taste, and being nourishing to the body.
Moola Kanda Saarovaa." Sootra 11.
of fruits, roots, and bulbs."
In this sootra it is stated that preparations made from
edible roots, potato and other bulbous vegetables, and from
fruits are also suitable as food.
If food made of grains is not available, that from roots,
bulbs, and fruits may by used as food, in the form of flour,
sugarcandy, manjoosha or jaggery, honey, milk, ghee, oily-products,
and roots and berries which
contain sweet, salt, pungent, acrid, and alkaline tastes.
Such roots are said to be 56 in number. They should be purified,
powdered, and duly cooked, and made into balls, and given
out for use as food.
Similarly the bulbous vegetables which are of 16 kinds,
and fruits which are of 32 kinds, and food prepared out
of them are excellent food, Food from roots develops brain,
nourishes the body, strengthens the bones, and gives virility.
Food from bulbs promotes brilliance, and bodily vigour,
and strengthens the life current. Food from fruits nourishes
mind, intelligence, blood, flesh, and vital liquids. Therefore
these alternatives are recommended for pilots of Vimanas.
Trinaadeenam." Sootra 12.
herbs and shrubs."
This sootra indicates that even grasses, herbage, and
creepers, could be made to yield food.
Like roots, bulbs and fruits, grasses, shrubs and herbs,
provide good food for men. Six kinds of doorva grass, 6
kinds of munja hemp, 6 kinds of darbha or long grass, 6
kinds of shoundeera, and 6 kinds of Ashwakarna or sal, or
mimordica charantia, Shatamoolee of 3 kinds, Kaaruvellee;
Chandravellee, Madhuvellee, Varchulee, Makutee vellee, sugandhaa,
and sooryavellee may be made to yield good food, nutritious
Selected by men who know them well, these vegetation,
including their flowers, shoots, and leaves, by proper cleaning
and cooking, may be made to yield solid or liquid food,
which will serve as satisfactory substitute food for pilots
of Vimanas. And Somavallee or moon-plant, Chakrikaa, Rasavallikaa,
Kooshmandavallee, Ikshuvallee, Pishtavallaree, Sooryakaanta,
Chandrakaanta, Meghanaada, Punarnava, Avantee, Vaastu, Matsyaakshee,
and Rukma and others, provide good bases for lasting food,
duly mixed with sweets and condiments.
Lohaani." Sootra 13.
Metals for aeroplanes"
Having dealt with clothing and food for pilots, now the
metals suitable for aeroplanes are being dealt with.
There are 3 kinds of metals named somaka, soundaalika,
and mourthwika. By mixing them, 16 kinds of heat-absorbing
metals are produced.
Their names are ushnambhara, ushnapaa, ushnahana, raajaamlatrit,
veerahaa, panchaghna, agnitrit, bhaarahana, sheetahana,
garalaghna, amlahana, vishambhara, vishalyakrit, vijamitra
and Vaatamitra etc.
"Maanibhadra Kaarika," or "Dictas of Manibhadra," Says,
"Metals which are light, and are suitable for producing
aeroplanes are 16. They are heat absorbing, and should be
used in the manufacture of aeroplanes."
Saamba also says that the 16 metals formed by mixing
the root metals, soma, soundaala and mourthwika, are non-heat-conductors
and are useful for Vimanas. Their characteristics are now
In the 7th layer of the earth, in the third mine therein,
metals of the Soma series are found. They are of 38 kinds.
Among them there are three from which Ooshmalohas or heat
resisting metals are to be extracted. "Lohatantra" or "Science
of Metals" also says that in the 3rd section of the 7th
layer of the earth, Metals of Souma class, possessed of
5 special qualities, are called "beejalohas" or "root-metals".
There are 3000 metal bearing layers within the earth.
Of them 1300 layers contain the better quality. In the 7th
layer metals are of 27 types. The 3rd type of metals are
of five-fold qualities, and are known as root metals. The
origin of metals of the Soma class is thus described in
"The gravity of the centre of the earth, the gravity
of global earth, the solar flood, the air force, the force
emanating from the planets and stars, the sun's and moon's
gravitational forces, and the gravitational force of the
Universe, all together enter the layers of the earth in
the proportion of 3, 8, 11, 5, 2, 6, 4, 9, and, aided by
the heat and moisture therein, cause the origin of metals,
of various varieties, grades and qualities."
The Souma group of metals are named, as per sage Atri,
in "Naamaartha Kalpa". "Souma, Sowmyaka, Soundaasya, Soma,
Panchaanana, Praanana, Shankha, Kapila are the names of
the Souma metals, with distinct qualities indicated by their
The name "Souma" consists of sounds, s, on, ma, and ha,
"Paribhaasha Chandrika" and "Vishwambhara Kaarikaa" state,
"The oceanic force and solar force instil 4 kinds of forces
into root metals. The sum total of the forces are said,
according to "Vaalmeeki Ganitha" to number 1, 67, 768. Some
of these forces are indicated by the sound "s" Some of the
forces emanating from the sun and the elements are indicated
by the sound "ou". Similarly other concerned forces are
indicated by the letters "ma" and "ha".
The Varuna and Soorya force contents of all root metals
are of four groups. In each group the force content is said
to be 1, 67, 768. Of the Koorma and Kashyapa forces of Vaaruna
group, the 67th from Ooshaa koorma, and the 85th Kaashyapa
force, called "Kaala", are indicated by the letter "Sa".
Of the solar group of forces, maartaanda and bhoota 71st,
and the ruchika force 160 are indicated by the sound "ra".
Similarly, of the forces of sun and stars in aditi, the
9th called "Sundaa", and the stellar force 101 called "Bhowma"
are indicated by the letter "Ma". And in the dhruva varga,
soma and baadaba forces, 109 and 14 respectively, are indicated
by the visarga sound "ha".
The four forces working inside the earth, by flux of
time mature into the Souma type metal.
In Soundaala metal, the 11th force, dhanadaa, in Koorma
is indicated by letter "sa". The 110th Kaashyapee force,
rook, is indicated by the sound
continues] "ow". The sun's 100 powered dravamukhee
shakti, and bhoota-shakti known as anvee 900 powered, are
together indicated by the anuswaara sound "m". The sun's
kaantaa shakti 49, and the stars' 25 shaktis, varchaa, are
indicated by the letter "da". Similarly the soma forces
in dhruva varga, is indicated by the long "aa" in "daa".
The moon's 364 ujwalaa and baadabaa's 500 known as kaala
are indicated by the letter "la".
That is "Soundaala".
Regarding the third, "Mourtwika", Koormashakti, paarthiva
1300, is indicated by the letter "ma". Kaasyapa shakti,
kaalima 2001, is indicated by the sound "ow". Maartaanda
shakti, laaghava 260, is indicated by the sound "r": bhootashakti,
vaarchulee 37, by the letter "tha": stellar force, rukshmaka
1063, is indicated by the letter "va". Arkashakti, varuna
113, is indicated by the sound "e": soma force rijukaa 8009,
and pooshnikaa 1012, are indicated. by the letter, "ka".
Purification of Metals.
yathaa shodhanaadhikaaray." Sootra 14.
is as per shodhanaadhikaara".
Taking soma metal first, it should be filled in a wide-brimmed
vessel and adding jambeera or citron juice, likucha or lime
juice, vyaaghra or castor, chinchaa or tamarind, and jamboo
or rose apple juices, it should be boiled to 27th degree
of heat for a day. Then taking it out and washing it, it
should be boiled in 5 kinds of oils, 4 kinds of acids, and
7 kinds of decoctions.
They are named in "Samskaara Darpana":
Gunjaa or wild liquorice, Kanjala, castor, kunjara, and
karanja or Indian beach oils, praana-kshara, viranchi, kanchuki,
and khura acids, and hingoo or asafoetida, parpata, ghontikaaa,
jataa-maamsee or spikenard, white gourd or Vidaaraanginee,
and matsyaakshee decoctions.
That is the process of purification of soma metal.
The purification of Soundaala metal is like that of soma
with regard to boiling in the cauldron, but the process
of purification is with 6 acids, 7 oils, and 5 decoctions.
They are, according to Samskaara Darpana."--
Ingaala or, ingudee, gouree or reddish herb, couries,
grapes, rata, aapya, and ulbana oils, ankola, mushti, shankha,
bhallaataka, kaakola, and virancha acids, and kuluththa
or horsegram, nishpaava, sarshapa or mustard, aadhaka, and
wheat decoctions or gruels.
Mourthweeka metal also should be baked like soundaala,
and then should be boiled with shivaari oil, kudupa acid
and vishambharee leather decoction.
Having defined the root-metals and their purification,
we next consider the casting of Ooshmapaa loha.
mapaastriloha Mayaaha." Sootra 1.
metals are made up of 3 metals."
The heat-proof metals are made out of the three, Souma,
Soundaala, and Morthweeka mentioned in the previous chapter.
It is said in "Loha Ratnaakara" that each of the three yields
varieties of seed metals. Their names are, in souma group,--souma,
soumyaka, sundaasya, soma, panchaanana, ooshmapa, shaktigarbha,
jaangalika, praanana, shankha, and laaghava; The names of
the metals of soundeera origin, are viranchi, souryapa,
shanku, ushna, soorana, shinjikaa, kanku, ranjika, soundeera,
mugdha, and ghundaaraka. In the mourthweeka group, the 11
are anuka, dvyanuka, kanka, tryanuka, shvetaambara, mridambara,
baalagarbha, kuvarcha, kantaka, kshvinka and laghvika.
The said metals are to be mixed in requisite proportions
and melted. It is said in "Lohatantra" that ushnambhara
metal is produced by mixing numbers 10, 5, 8 of soma, soundala,
mourthweeka groups of metals respectively in the proportion
of 1, 3, 7, and mixing with one third the quantity of tankana
or borax and melting in the crucible. Similarly taking metals
no, 3, 5, and 7 respectively in the three groups in the
proportion of 4, 1, and 8, and mixing with tankana, and
melting in crucible, the metal ooshma is obtained. Metal
ooshmahana is produced by melting metals 2, 5, and 9 from
the three groups in the proportion of 6, 3, and 7, with
tankana. Metal Raaja is produced by melting nos. 3, 8, and
2 of the three groups as before. Similarly metal Aamlatrit
is produced by taking numbers 9, 7, 1 in the three metal
groups, in the proportion of 10, 7, 8 and mixing with tankana
and melting as prescribed.
Similarly metals 6, 4, 5, respectively in the proportion
of 5, 5, 12, melted with tankana or borax, will yield the
metal veerahaa. The metal panchaghna is got by taking numbers
8, 6, and 4 of the three groups in the proportion of 20,
18, 26, and mixing with tankana or borax and melting.
The metal agnitrit is produced by mixing numbers 5, 2,
10, in the proportion of 30, 20, and 10, and melting with
borax in the crucible. The metal bhaarahana is produced
by mixing numbers 7, 11, and 6 in the three groups in the
proportion of 5, 12, and 7, mixing with borax, and melting
in the crucible.
To produce metal sheetahana, metals 10, 9, and 3 in the
three groups respectively, in the proportion of 22, 8, and
10, should be mixed with borax and melted in the crucible.
Garalaghna is produced by taking numbers 11, 10, and 11
in the three groups in the proportion of 20, 30, and 8,
and melting with borax in the crucible.
Similarly Aamlahana is produced by taking numbers 11,
8, and 4 in the three groups in the proportion of 20, 12,
36, and melting with borax in the crucible. Metal Vishambhara
is produced by taking numbers 19, 8, and 10 in
the three Ooshmapa groups respectively in the proportion
of 20, 12, and 6, and melting with borax in the crucible.
Metal vishalyakrit is produced by taking numbers 3, 5,
and 11, in the proportion of 20, 12, and 6, and melting
in the crucible with borax. Dwijamitra is produced by taking
numbers 8, 3, and 9 in the pro-portion 5, 8, 10, and melting
with borax in the crucible. And metal Vaatamitra is produced
by taking numbers 8, 6, and 5 in the three groups of Ooshmapa
metals, in the proportion of 22, 8, and 10, and adding borax
and melting in the crucible.
dwitheeyay " Sootra 3.
"From the 5th
variety in the 2nd group."
According to "Nirnayaadhikaara", the melting of the superior,
medium, and inferior kinds of metals is to be done in 407
different kinds of crucibles. They are divided into 12 groups.
For the melting of the root-metals the second group of crucibles
is considered the best.
Lallacharya also states that metallurgists mention 12
kinds of metals: kritaka or artificial, apabhramshaka or
corrupted, sthalaja or mud-born, khanija or found in mines,
jalaja or aquatic, dhaatuja or mineral-born, oshadhivargaja
or vegetation-born, krimija or evolved from vermin, maamsaja
or flesh-born, kshaaraja or grown from salts, baalaja or
hairborn, and andaja or resultant from eggs. Different classes
of crucibles are to be used for melting different kinds
of metals. In the second class of crucibles there are said
to be 40 varieties. Of them, number 5, known as antarmukha
or inward-mouthed, is prescribed for melting the root-metals.
It is described in "Mooshaakalpa" or art of making crucibles.
8 parts of gingelly manure or black-gram flour, 4 parts
of metal rust, 3 parts of metal, 3 parts of laangalee or
jussieuea repens or gloriosa superba, 6 parts of gum arabic,
2 parts of ruruka, 3 parts of salt-petre, 5 parts of creepers,
6 parts of charcoal, 5 parts of 5 kinds of grasses, 4 parts
of paddy husk ashes, 2 parts of red arsenic, 2 parts of
naagakesara, 5 parts of varolika
flower, 5 parts of borax, 2 parts of black laamancha
or scented grass or andropogon muricatus, 5 parts of sindoora
or red ochre, 2 parts of gunja seeds or wild liquorice,
4 parts of sea-foam, all these are to be ground and made
into fine flour, to which are added equal quantity of gum
and 5 parts of earth and dust, and the whole is baked in
a vessel with shivaaree oil for 3 yaamaas or 9 hours. When
the contents have unified and become properly fluid, it
should be poured through the nozzle into the crucible mould,
and allowed to rest. The resultant crucible, known as "antarmukha,"
would be best suited to melt the metals required for producing
Kundas-Saptamay-Nava". Sootra 4.
number 9 in class 7."
Having dealt with crucible in the last sootra, we now
consider the fire-place.
Experts mention 532 varieties of vyaasatikaas or fire-places.
Of them Koorma-vyaasatika, or tortoise-shaped fire-place
is best suited for melting the seed-metals for the Vimaana.
Kunda-kalpa or the art of furnace construction mentions
532 kinds of furnaces. They are divided into seven classes,
each including 76 varieties. Furnace no. 9 in the 7th class,
is best suited for melting the requisite metals of the vimaana,
and its name is koorma-vyaasatikaa, or tortoise-shaped furnace.
It is said in "Kunda-nirnaya ", that on a prepared ground,
a quadrilateral or circular shaped furnace 10 feet wide
should be constructed, shaped like a tortoise. In order
to place the bellows, there should be constructed a pedestal
shaped like a tortoise, and with five faces. In the middle
of the furnace arrangements should be made for placing the
crucible. On either side of the furnace there should be
an enclosure for stocking charcoal. And on either side there
should be a mechanism for receiving the molten metal.
Shodashee" Sootra 5.
should be number 16 in the 8th class."
The making of bellows is referred to in this sootra.
It is said in "Bhastrikaa Nibandhana," that as there are
532 kinds of furnaces, there are 532 kinds of bellows. Narayana
also says that there are 532 varieties of bellows used in
melting metals. They arc divided into 8 classes. In the
eighth class, the variety numbered 16 is the one suited
for the tortoise--shaped furnace. The construction of bellows
is described in the work "Bhastrikaa-Nibandhana", as follows:
The barks of suitable trees, leather, thick cloth made
from milk cream, bark of areca-nut palm tree, and trinetra
(bael? Bengal Quince?), shundeera, suranji, silk-cotton,
sheneera, munjaakara, and jute by due processing yield suitable
cloth of 605 varieties with which pretty and attractive
bellows could be made, with fittings of wood or copper.
Mirrors & Lenses.
This chapter deals with the mirrors and lenses which
are required to be installed in the vimaana. They are seven
different ones. Their names are
given by Lalla in "Mukura-kalpa" as Vishwakriyaadarpana,
or television mirror, Shaktyaakarshana darpana or power-capturing
mirror, Vyroopya darpana or appearance changing mirror,
Kuntinee darpana, Pinjulaa darpana, Guhaagarbha darpana,
and Rowdree darpana or terrifying darpana.
Vishwakriyaa darpana is to be fixed on a revolving stand
near the pilot so that he could observe whatever is happening
outside on all sides. Its manufacture is thus described
Two parts of satva, 2 parts of shundilaka, one part of
eagle bone, 5 parts of mercury, 2 parts of the foot-nails
of sinchoranee, 6 parts of mica, 5 parts of red lead, 8
parts of pearl dust, 18 parts of the eyeballs of sowmyaka
fish, one part burning coal, 8 parts of snake's slough,
3 parts of eye pigment, 6 parts of maatrunna, 10 parts of
granite sand, 8 parts of salts, 4 of lead, 2 parts of sea
foam, 3 parts of white throated eagle's skin, 7 parts of
bamboo salt, 5 parts of vyraajya or white keg tree bark,
these ingredients should be purified, and weighed, and filled
in a beaked crucible and placed in the furnace called chandodara
and subjected to a 800 degree heat, and when duly liquified,
should be poured into the funnel of the kara-darpana yantra
or hand-mirror mould. The result will be an excellent mirror
in which will be reproduced minute details of the phenomena
Next Shaktyaakarshana darpana:
As the vimaana flies through the regions of the sky,
three classes of destructive forces tend to overcome it.
This mirror is capable of neutralising and overcoming their
Dhundinaathaachaarya also says: The wind, solar rays,
and fire are known as trivargas. Each of the three has 122
evil effects on the plane's pilot. Those evil forces this
mirror will absorb and nullify.
Paraankusha also says: There are certain crucial regions
in the air routes of the vimaana, at which the wind, solar
heat and fire have 366 malefic influences, and shaktyaakarshana
mirror is meant to safeguard against them. It is to be prepared
5 parts of haritaala or yellow orpiment, 5 parts of virinchi,
8 parts of salts, 4 parts of gingelly husk, 6 parts of diamond,
1 of red mica, 8 parts of burning coal, 3 parts of sand,
2 parts of tortoise egg, 3 parts of bhaarani, 3 parts of
kanda, 5 parts of powshkala, 5 of coral, 2 of pearl, 6 of
continues] 8 of borax, 3 parts of Bengal quince
seed, and 5 of shankha or conch, cleaned, powdered, filled
in swan crucible, placed in mandooka furnace and boiled
to 500 degrees and poured slowly into vistritaa-mirror yantra
will yield a fine shaktyaakarshana mirror.
The Vyroopya--darpana Mirror:
When enemy planes with men intent on intercepting and
destroying your vimaana attack you with all the means at
their disposal, the viroopya-darpana will frighten them
into retreat or render them unconscious and leave you free
to destroy or rout them. The darpana, like a magician, will
change the appearance of your vimaana into such frightening
shapes that the attacker will be dismayed or paralysed.
There are 27 such different shapes that are said to be possible.
Sammohana-kriyaa-kaanda, or the work dealing with the methods
causing insensibility, mentions 17 of them. They are fire,
water, wind, thunder, lightning, fumes, scorpion, bear,
lion, tiger, and giant-sized frightful birds.
The manufacture of this mirror is thus given in Darpana-prakarana:
5 parts of bone salt, 3 parts zinc, 3 of lac, 8 of iron,
3 parts of shashabola, 2 of raajakurantika, 8 parts of charcoal
ashes, 3 of borax, 8 parts of nakhaa, 7 of sand, 6 of matrunna,
2 of sun-crystal, 3 parts of poora or lime, 25 of mercury,
3 of yellow orpiment, 4 parts of silver, 6 of kravyaada,
8 of garada, 3 of pishta, 4 parts of arshoghna root, 3 parts
of vaaraaha pittha, 3 of ammonium chloride, 25 of liquorice
oil, taking these and 7 times purifying, filling in crucible,
and placing in furnace and boiling it to 800 degrees and
pouring into Darpanaasya yantra, will yield an excellent
The Kuntinee Mirror:
We now consider the Kuntinee mirror. The wise say that
the mirror by the glare of whose rays people's minds get
deranged is Kuntinee mirror. Paraankusha says that in the
region of the solar electric heat waves of the sky, seven
streams of poisonous whirl-winds derange the mind. Scientists
have discovered the Kuntinee mirror as a protection against
that evil effect.
In "Sammohana-kriyaa-kaanda," the evil forces are described
Fat, blood, flesh, marrow, bone, skin, intelligence are
adversely affected by the evil wind currents known as gaalinee,
kuntinee, kaalee, pinjulaa, ulbanaa, maraa, in the electric
heat wave regions of the upper sky.
The manufacture of this mirror is thus explained in "Darpana-prakarana":
5 parts of sowraashtra earth, 7 parts of snake's slough,
3 of sea-foam, 5 of shanmukha seeds, 8 of zinc, 3 parts
of rhinoceros' nails, 8 of salts, 7 of sand, 8 of mercury,
4 of conch, 6 parts of matrunna, 3 parts of yellow orpiment,
4 of elephant and camel salts, 7 parts of suranghrikaa,
5 of gingelly oil, 8 of pearl-shells, 3 of sea-shells, 4
parts of camphor, purified and filled in shinjikaa crucible,
and placed in shinjeera furnace and boiled to 900 degrees,
the fluid poured into the Darpanaasya yantra, will form
into a morning sun-like kuntinee mirror.
The Pinjulaa mirror:
The conflicting inter-action of the solar rays is called
pinjulaa. It has deleterious effect on the black eye-balls
of the pilots. The pinjulaa mirror, by intervening will
prevent the eye-balls being blinded by the evil rays.
It is said in "Amsubodhinee", or the work on solar rays,
"There are four directions, east, west, north and south,
and four corner directions, south-east, south-west, north-east
and north-west. The solar force of each direction has got
its own intensity, owing to different fire-force, different
seasonal force, the effect of the five winds, combined with
the vaarunee or liquid force of the clouds, and the resulting
tension gives rise to four evil forces, andha, andhakaara,
pinjoosha, and taarapaa, whose glows, known as rakta, jaathara,
taaraagra, and prabha, striking the eye-balls result in
blindness of both eyes. "
The manufacture of this mirror is thus described in "Darpana
6 parts of goat's milk, 5 parts of red-lead, 8 parts
of salts, 7 parts of sand, 5 parts of tree-gum, 8 parts
of borax, 2 parts of dambholi essence, 8 parts of mercury,
2 parts of copper and 2 of lead, 4 parts of surolika essence,
8 parts of twak, 3 parts of vaardhyushika, 3 of kanda, 4
parts of pishta or gingelly husk, 3 parts of orpiment, 7
parts of Tinnevelli senna, 4 parts of vrikodaree seeds,
these 18 to be purified, powdered, and filled in crucible,
and placed in furnace and boiled to 900 degrees, and poured
into Darpana yantra, will yield an excellent pinjulaa mirror.
Next Guhaa-garbha darpana:
"The conflict between the electricity in the clouds,
wind, and rays, generates forces harmful to pilots. The
guhaa-garbha darpana, by attracting them and projecting
them by electric force against enemy planes, renders the
persons inside them physically disabled and incapable of
"Prapanchasaara" also says:
"In the Middle of the two shells above kashyapa, there
is vaarunee force. Between the shell and vaarunee force
5000 wind currents subsist. Similarly there are disease
causing rays numbering 80 millions. The various winds and
rays by mutual action result in flows and counter flows.
When the cloud force, wind force, and solar force interplay
they give rise to various harmful forces like bubbles:"
Lallaacharya also avers, "In accordance with the 110th
principle, when the cloud-power, wind-power and sun-power
meet with force and collide, they produce poisonous effects
which are dangerous to mankind."
Vasishtha says in "Swatassiddha-Nyaaya" or "self-evident
truth", that when alien forces cross one another, a poisonous
flow will result naturally as an egg comes out of a tortoise.
"Sammohana kriyaa-kaanda" explains:
"By the conflict of cloud force, wind force and solar
forces, 305105 poisonous waves known as guha and others
emanate, and cause, kushtha, apasmaara, grihinee, khaasa,
and shoola. Chief among them are five, known as gridhnee,
godhaa, kunjaa, roudree, and guhaa. By accelerating them
and directing them against the enemy, the guhaa-garbha mirror
"Darpana prakarana " describes its manufacture thus:
7 parts of couries, 3 parts of manjula or madder root,
6 parts of sea-foam, 8 parts of ranjaka or phosphorous,
6 parts of mandoora or rust, 8 parts of mercury, 3 parts
of orpiment, 7 parts of brahmika, 2 parts of lead, 8 parts
of eye pigment, 6 parts of matrunnna, 8 parts of sand, 6
parts of kishora, 5 of muchukunda, 2 parts of gingelly oil,
25 of lohika, 5 parts of mridaani garbha essence, 8 of sowraashtra
earth, 5 parts of sphatika, 3 of bones, 15 of indusatva
or moonstone?, and 5 of dambholi taakaa dwaya satva,
taking these 22, purifying and powdering them and filling
crucible, and placing in furnace and boiling to 900 degrees,
and cooled in yantra, guhaa garbha darpana is produced.
Rowdree-darpana is a mirror or lens which liquefies everything
that it flashes against.
Paraankusha says that where Rudraanyosharaa and abhralinga
come into contact, a fierce force called roudree comes into
being. Mingling with solar rays it melts everything. "Sammohana
kriyaa kaanda" says:
"By the mixing of roudree and solar rays an evil force
called maarikaa is generated, and impelled by the solar
electricity, it destroys the enemy planes."
Darpanaa prakarana describes its manufacture:
8 parts of lead, 3 parts of shaalmali, 7 of durvaara,
8 parts kudupinjara, 21 parts of droonee, 8 parts sun-crystal,
27 parts of rudraanee-graavoshara, 6 parts betel leaves,
8 parts of kowtila, 30 of veeraabhra linga, 8 parts of salts,
7 of sand, 6 parts of matrunna, 3 of dimbhika, 8 of zinc,
13 of ant-hill earth, 6 of gum, 3 of kumbhinee, 3 parts
sweet oil, 27 of Tinnevelly senna, 6 of godhaamla, 8 of
silk cotton, 8 parts of virinchi satva, 5 parts of kanda,
3 parts of yellow orpimet, 7 parts of kaarmukha, or brown
barked acacia?, these 26, powdered, purified, and filled
in crucible and placed in furnace and boiled to 800 degrees,
and poured into Darpana yantra, will yield a fine roudrikaa-uarpana.
sources are seven."
In this chapter the motive power of the vimaana is explained.
In the functioning of the vimaana, there are 7 distinct
operating forces. They are named udgamaa, panjaraa, sooryashaktyapa-karshinee
or that which extracts solar power, parashaktyaakarshinee
or that which extracts opposite forces, a set of 12 shaktis
or forces, kuntinee, and moolashakti or primary force. At
set spots in the vimaana, the motors which produce these
7 powers should be installed, duly wired and equipped with
springs and wheels, as prescribed.
It is said in "Yantra-sarvasva:"
"The seven kinds of powers which are required for the
Vimaana are produced by 7 motors which are named tundila,
panjara, amshupa, apakarshaka, saandhaanika, daarpanika,
and shaktiprasavaka. Each of these produces its specific
power. Thus tundilaa produces udgamaa shakti, panjaraa produces
the panjaraa shakti, shaktipaa produces the power which
sucks solar power, apakarshaka produces the power which
plucks the power of alien planes, sandhaana yantra produces
the group of 12 forces, daarpanikaa produces kuntinee shakti,
and shakti-prasava yantra produces the main motive power.
Shownaka-sootra also says:
"There are seven sources of power of the vimaana: fire,
earth, air, sun, moon, water and sky. The seven kinds of
powers are named udgamaa, panjaraa, solar heat absorber,
alien force absorber, solar electric dozen, kuntinee, and
Ma, la, ya, ra, sa, va, na constitute the seven vimanic
forces. Ma is udgamaa, la is panjaraa, ya is solar heat
absorber, ra is the solar dozen, sa is alien force absorber,
va is kuntinee, and na is primary force.
Their actions are thus defined in "Kriyaa-saara":
"The ascent of the vimana is by udgamaa shakti. Its descent
is by panjaraa-shakti. Solar heat absorbing is by shaktyapakarshinee.
Alien force restraining is by parashakty snatcher. Spectacular
motion of the vimaana is by the vidyud-dwaadashaka-shakti.
All these various activities are by the prime force of the
Vidyuddwaadashaka is thus explained in "Soudaaminee-kalaa":
"The spectacular motions of the vimaana are of 12 kinds.
Their motive forces are also 12. The motions and the forces
are, proceeding, shuddering, mounting, descending, circling,
speeding, circumambulating, side-wise motion, receding,
anti-clockwise motion, remaining motionless, and performing
-iti-Narayanaha." Sootra 2.
that the forces are five only, and not twelve."
Five forces are generated by the yantra or dynamo called
Sadyojaata, and they produce all the spectacular motions
of the vimana.
Says "Shakti sarvasva":
"The motions of a vimaana are five, Chaalana, Gaalana,
Panjaraprerana, Vakraapasarpana, and Spectacular manoeuvring."
sphotaayanah." Sootra 3.
holds that chitrinee is the sole shakti.
Sphotaayana declares that the force called chitrinee
shakti is the one which enables the vimana to perform spectacular
continues] "Shakti-sarvasva" says that both
from experience and scientific knowledge Sphotaayana propounds
the view that 32 various kinds of motions of the vimaana
are solely by the power of Chitrinee-shakti.
"Kriyaa-saara " also states that Chitrinee force of the
17th quality is solely responsible for the 32 types of aeronautical
Saptaiveti" Sootra 4.
are 7 only, and include all others"
Out of the five forces produced by the sadyojaata mechanism,
panjaraa shakti is the most important. The other shaktis
are incidental to it, just as sparks are incidental to fire.
Chaalana and other motions may therefore be said to result
from panjaraa shakti.
Says "Shaktibeeja": "It is by the panjaraa shakti generated
by sadyojaata yantra that the chalana and other shaktis
branch out. "
"Shakti kousthubha" also says, "From the panjaraa shakti
produced by sadyojaata, emanate the chaalama and other 4
Thus since the other shaktis branch out from panjaraa
shakti, they may be said to be in essence identical with
it. That panjaraa and chitrinee are included in the seven
shaktis which have been enumerated by Maharshi Bharadwaaja.
Hence there cannot be said to be any conflict of opinions.
Some even hold the view that each one of the seven shaktis
is capable of producing all the 32 motions of the vimaana.
But since each of the several motions of the plane is definitely
ascribed to a particular kind of force, it would be incorrect
to hold that one force could be responsible for the whole
gamut of motions. Any attempt to give practical effect to
such a theory would prove disastrous. Therefore the right
conclusion is that the seven forces are the true cause of
the 32 kinds of aerial activities of the vimaana.
Having described the forces or energies required for
the various functions of the vimaana, now the mechanisms
necessary for these activities are described.
"As stated by the eminent Bharadwaaja in "Yantrasarvasva",
the mechanical equipments necessary for the vimaana are
32. They are vishwakriyaadarsa or universal reflecting mirror,
shaktyaakarshana yantra or force absorbing machine, pariveshakriyaayantra
or halo-producing machine, angopasamhara yantra or machine
for folding up or contracting its parts, vistrutakriyaa
yantra, or expanding yantra, vyroopyadarpana or fantastic
mirror, padmachakra-mukha, kuntinee shakti yantra and pushpinee
shakti yantra, pinjula mirror, naalapanchaka and guhaa-garbhabhidha
yantras, tamo-yantra or darkness spreading machine, pancha
vaataskandhanaala, roudree mirror, vaataskandha naalakcelaka,
vidyudyantra or electric generator, and shabdakendra mukha,
vidyuddwaadashaka, praanakundalinee, shaktyudgama, vakraprasaarana,
and shaktipanjara keelaka, shirah-keelaka and shabdaakarshana,
pataprasaaranayantra, dishaampati yantra, pattikaabhraka
yantra, suryashaktyapakarshana yantra or collector of solar
energy, apasmaaradhooma prasaarana or ejector of poisonous
fumes, stambhana yantra, and vyshwaanara naalayantra."
They are thus described in "yantrasarvasva," chapter
7, by the illustrious Maharshi Bharadwaaja.
Prepare a square or circular base of 9 inches width with
wood and glass, mark its centre, and from about an inch
and half thereof draw lines to the edge in the 8 directions,
fix 2 hinges in each of the lines in order to open and shut.
In the centre erect a 6 inch pivot and four tubes, made
of vishvodara metal, equipped with hinges and bands of iron,
copper, brass or lead, and attach to the pegs in the lines
in the several directions. The whole is to be covered.
Prepare a mirror of perfect finish and fix it to the
danda or pivot. At the base of the pivot an electric yantra
should be fixed. Crystal or glass beads should be fixed
at the base, middle, and end of the pivot or by its side.
The circular or goblet shaped mirror for attracting solar
rays should be fixed at the foot of the pivot. To the west
of it the image-reflector should be placed. Its operation
is as follows:
First the pivot or pole should be stretched by moving
the keelee or switch. The observation mirror should be fixed
at its base. A vessel with mercury should be fixed at its
bottom. In it a crystal bead with hole should be placed.
Through the hole in the chemically purified bead, sensitive
wires should be passed and attached to the end beads in
various directions. At the middle of the pole, mustard cleaned
solar mirror should be fixed. At the foot of the pole a
vessel should be placed with liquid ruchaka salt. A crystal
should be fixed in it with hinge and wiring. In the bottom
centre should be placed a goblet-like circular mirror for
attracting solar rays. To the west of it a reflecting mechanism
should be placed. To the east of the liquid salt vessel,
the electric generator should be placed and the wiring of
the crystal attached to it. The current from both the yantras
should be passed to the crystal in the liquid ruchaka salt
vessel. Eight parts of sun-power in the solar reflector
and 12 parts of electric power should be passed through
the crystal into the mercury and on to the universal reflecting
mirror. And then that mirror should be focussed in the direction
of the region which has to be photographed. The image which
appears in the facing lens will then be reflected
through the crystal in the liquid salt solution. The
picture which will appear in the mirror will be true to
life, and enable the pilot to realise the conditions of
the concerned region, and he can take appropriate action
to ward off danger and inflict damage on the enemy.
Next Shaktyaakarshana yantra:
"Yantra sarvasva" says, "Owing to the etherial waves
and raging winds of the upper regions in accordance with
die seasons, evil forces are generated which tend to destroy
the vimaana. The Shaktyaakarshana yantra in the vimaana
is meant to subdue those forces and render them harmless."
Narayana also says:
"Three fierce forces arise from the fierce winds and
ethereal waves, and cruse destruction of the plane. The
shalayaakarshana yantra by its superior force subdues them
and ensures safety of the vimaana."
Its construction is as follows:
The base is to be 3 feet long and 2 feet wide, and made
of krouncha metal. A 12 inch tall 3 inch wide pole or peg
made of 27th kind of glass should be fixed in its middle.
To the east of it, as also to the west, 3 centres should
be marked on each side. To the north and south also 2 centres
should be marked on each side. At each centre screw-bolts
should be fixed. Then tubes made of the 107th glass, with
cleaned wiring should be fixed. A goblet shaped 15 inch
sized glass vessel should be fixed on the base of the central
peg. A 1 foot circular glass ball with three holes should
be fixed in the main centre. A triangular shaped 1 foot
sized mirror made of Aadarsha glass should be fixed on the
3rd kendra. Two circular rods made of magnetic metal and
copper should be fixed on the glass ball so as to cause
friction when they revolve. To the west of it a globular
ball made of vaatapaa glass with a wide open mouth should
be fixed. Then a vessel made of shaktipaa glass, narrow
at bottom, round in the middle, with narrow neck, and open
mouth with 5 beaks should be fixed on the middle bolt. Similarly
on the end bolt should be placed a vessel with sulphuric
acid (bhraajaswad-draavaka). On the pegs on southern side
3 interlocked wheels should be fixed. On the north side
liquefied mixture of load-stone, mercury, mica, and serpent-slough
should be placed. And crystals should be placed at the requisite
"Maniratnaakara" says that the shaktyaakarshana yantra
should be equipped with 6 crystals known as Bhaaradwaaja,
Sanjanika, Sourrya, Pingalaka, Shaktipanjaraka, and Pancha-jyotirgarbha.
The same work mentions where the crystals are to be located.
The sourrya mani is to be placed in the vessel at the foot
of the central pole, Sanjanika mani should be fixed at the
middle of the triangular wall. Pingalaka mani is to be fixed
in the wide mouthed glass globe. Bhaaradwaaja mani should
be fixed in the opening in the naala-danda. Pancha-jyotirgarbha
mani should be fixed in the sulphuric acid vessel, and Shakti-panjaraka
mani should be placed in the mixture of magnet, mercury,
mica, and serpent-slough. All the five crystals should be
equipped with wires passing through glass tubes.
Wires should be passed from the centre in all directions.
Then the triple wheels should be set in revolving motion,
which will cause the two glass balls inside the glass case,
to turn with increasing speed rubbing each other, the resulting
friction generating a 100 degree power. That power should
be conveyed through wires to the sanjanika mani. Mingling
with the force existing therein, that force issues out and
should be transmitted through wires to the sourrya mani.
On contact of the power therein the force will split into
5 streams. Each of the five power streams should be connected
with one of the manis, Bhaaradwaja, Sourrya, Pingala, Pancha-jyotirmani,
and Shakti-panjara mani. Mingling with the force in each
mani, they form five forces, which are named by Atri maharshi
as Raja, Mourtvica, Chundeera, Shoonya, and Garbha-vishodara.
These should be passed by wires to the sulphuric acid vessel.
They then form 3 forces, named marthanda, rowhinee, and
bhadra. Marthanda shakti should be passed into the load-stone,
mercury, mica, and serpent slough liquids. The resulting
current should then be passed through wires to the wide
mouthed glass globular vessel. Solar force pregnant with
etherial force should be passed into the Naaladanda, and
thence to the vessel with marthanda shakti. The power of
the solar rays entering that vessel mingles with the marthanda
shakti inside, and the resultant force has to be focussed
towards the adverse force of the etherial current which
will be thereby nullified and the vimaana will be protected.
Then the Rohinee shakti should be passed through wires
into the vessel containing the fivefold load stone, mercury,
mica, serpent slough acid,
and the resulting current passed to the Bhrajasvaddraavaka
or luminous acid vessel at the foot of the central pole.
Then from the air-route collect the wind-force impregnated
solar rays and pass them also into the above vessel. Mingling
with the rowhinee shakti therein a super-force will be created
which should be passed through the northern pivot, into
the rowhinee power vessel. The united force should then
he directed against the malefic wind force in the air-route,
so that it will tame the evil force and protect the Vimaana.
Then from the suragha tube Bhadraa shakti should be passed
into five fold acid vessel. The resulting force should be
passed through wired tubes to the foot of the triangular
wall, and thence to the pivot on the southern side. The
force should then be directed against the evil roudree Force
in the air-route. Neutralising that third destructive force
in the sky, the vimaana will be allowed smooth passage in
The Parivesha-kriya yantra:
According to Yantra-sarvasva, by manipulating the five
forces a halo is formed around the vimaana, and by drawing
the solar rays into contact with it, the rays will speed
the aeroplane along the rekhaamaarga or safety line. This
is achieved by the operation of the above said yantra.
Narayanacharya also says:
"The mechanism which will manipulate the five forces
so as to create a halo round the plane, and attracting the
solar rays and contacting them with the plane, make them
draw the plane smoothly and speedily along the air route
without swerving into danger, is called parivesha-kriyaa
yantra or halo-forming mechanism."
Soudaaminee kalaa says, "The forces of ksha, ja, la,
bha, and ha, when united attract solar rays. "
According to "Gopatha-kaarika," the forces in shireesha
or Indra or lightning, clouds, earth, stars; and sky, are
indicated by the letters ksha, ja, la, bha, and ha. By combining
those live forces a halo, like that around the solar orb,
will be created, and it will have the power or attracting
Kriyaa-saara says Shireesha has 2 parts, Clouds have
8 parts, Earth has 5, Stars have 7, and Aakaasha or Sky
or Ether has 10. The Aakarshana
yantra should attract these forces and unify them. Then
through the mirror above the vimaana attract solar rays,
and apply them to the unified forces,
A halo will be created, and that halo, in combination
with the solar rays, will draw the plane through a safe
course like a bird held by a string, Its formation is thus
explained in Yantra-sarvasva:
We now deal with the parts of the yantra:
A foot-plate: 23 main centres to be marked on it, with
lines connecting the centres. Similar number of revolving
screws, wired tubes, pole with three wheels, eight liquids,
eight crystals, eight liquid containers, mirror to attract
the forces of shireesha, cloud, earth, stars, and aakaasha,
five electric mechanism, five barks of trees, copper coated
wires, five leathers, hollow screws, revolving screw with
wire, vessels for storing the energies, vessel for mixing
the energies, smoke-spreading yantra, air-fanning yantra,
halo-creating tube made of milky-leather, solar ray attracting
mirror tube, tube for collecting the solar rays reflected
in the mirror at the top portion of the vimaana, crest-crystal,
screw for connecting the solar rays to the vimaana. These
are the 23 parts of halo producing yantra.
Its construction is now explained: A wooden base 23 feet
square, made of black pippala or holy fig tee. 23 centres
enclosed in a case made of 35th type of glass. 23 lines
to the centres. Revolving keys to be fixed at the 23 centres.
Wired glass tubes should connect one centre with another.
A glass pole made of the 37th type of glass, 5 feet long,
1 foot thick in the middle, 18 inches thick at the neck,
with a 10 fact wide top, should be fixed as the central
pillar, with 3 revolving wheels. Eight acids should be placed
in the eight directions from the north-east side. Their
names are rubnaka, kraantaja, taarkshya, naaga, gowree,
vishandhaya, khadyota and jwalana.
The rubnaka acid is to be placed in the north-east centre,
kraantaja in the centre, naaga at the southern centre, gowree
at the south-west corner, vishandhaya in the western centre,
khadyota at the north-west centre, and jwalana at the northern
centre in 8 glass vessels.
The names of the vessels are also given by Shaarikaanaatha:
shila, abhra, paara, vyrinchika, vaaluka, asuragranthika,
sphutika, and pancha-mrith,
continues] The 8 vessels are made out of these
8 elements by process defined in "Darpana-prakarana."
The rubnaka acid should be filled in shila-darpana vessel;
kaarshnya-acid in abhrakaadarsha; kraantaja acid in paaraadarsha
vessel; naagadraava in vyrinchi-aadarsha vessel; khadyota
acid in sphutikaadarsha; gowree acid should be filled in
vaalukaadarsha vessel; vishandhaya acid should be filled
in suragrathika vessel; and jwalana acid in panchamrid vessel.
In the 8 acid filled vessels 8 crystals are to be inserted.
As mentioned in "Maniprakarana" their names are dhoomaasya,
ghanagarbha, shalyaaka, shaarika, tushaasya, somaka, shankha,
Having mentioned their names, we now explain their disposal.
Dhoomaasya mani is to be placed in rubna acid vessel. Ghanagarbha
mani should be placed in kraantaja acid vessel. Shalyaaka
in kaarshni acid vessel. Shaarika in naaga acid vessel.
Tushaasya is to be placed in gowree acid, Shankha in jwalana
acid; Somaka in vishandhaya acid; and Amshupa mani is to
be placed in khadyota acid vessel.
In front of these manis, eight shaktyaakarshana, or energy-imbibing
mirrors are to be fixed. Their names according to Bharadwaja
are taaraasya, pavanaasya, dhoomaasya, vaarunaasya, jalagarbha,
agnimitra, chaayaasya, and bhanukantaka. Their location
is as follows: Six inches in front of dhoomasya mani the
taaraasya mirror with an iron rod with a switch attached
to it should be fixed. Pavanaasya mirror should be fixed
similarly in front of ghanagarbha mani. Dhoomaasya mirror
should be fixed 6 inches in front of shalyaaka mani. Vaarunaasya
mirror should be fixed in front of shaarikaa mani. Jalagarbha
mirror should be fixed in front of somaka mani. Agnimitra
mirror should be fixed in front of tushaasya mani. Chhayaasya
mirror should be fixed in front of shankha mani. And Bhanukantaka
mirror should be fixed in front of amshupaa mani.
Then in the western centre should be installed the electric
generator with switch. Copper-coated wires covered with
live kinds of skins, should be spread all-round, proceeding
from the shakti-yantra or electric generator. The names
of the five skins, according to "Kriyaa-saara," are rhinoceros,
tortoise, dog, rat or hare, and crocodile.
According to "Twangnirnaya-adhikaara," or chapter on
skins, for seats in vimaanas, and, for containing acids,
and covering wires, five kinds of skins are mentioned by
the learned; skins of rhinoceros, tortoise, dog, rat or
hare, and crocodile. These five are to be used for the purposes
of cove-ring, and seating. Wires covered with these skins
are good conductors of electricity. The bhraamanee keela,
or central revolving pole should be fixed in the centre
so that when it revolves all the other pivotal centres also
revolve. Eight energy storing vessels should be placed in
the 9th, 8th, 10th, 12th, 13th, 15th 16th and 11th centres.
The sammelana vessel or coordinating vessel should be placed
in the front of the 23rd centre. To the south of it at the
21st centre the wind blowing mechanism should be fixed.
The Vaata-prasaarana or wind-blowing yantra is thus described:
In the central pivot there are to be 5 wheels which will
turn with 100 linka revolutions by contact with electric
wires: in the east and west two bellows on pivots: two air-containers
with 3 mouths or openings: 6 wheels which prevent air-motion:
two tubes with switches which will cause spreading: wheels
with keys that will induce speed, or full speed, slow, very
slow or stop, shaped like a tortoise, having two bharas
or parts?, and having a wheel fixed at the top. That is
a vaata-prasaarana yantra.
The dhooma-prasaarana yantra or smoke-spreading yantra
is as follows: with three openings, 5 satchels inside, 8
wheels, three keelakas or switches, encircled by electric
tube, provided with smoke-generating mani or crystal, and
equipped with 5 acids, with two churning wheels with keys,
with two smoke containers attached to the bellows tube,
with smoke-spreading yantra, and it is to be fixed at the
The parivesha-kriyaa naala or halo-creating tube is thus
explained. Out of 5 milks from 5 kinds of milk trees, 6
barks of trees, and 2 valkalas (hemp, jute), cloth is fashioned.
And that cloth should be used in preparing the parivesha-kriya
or halo-forming tube.
It is stated in "Ksheeree-pata kalpa":
In the realm of milk-yielding trees, dugdha-pranaalee,
patapaadapa, payodharee, panchavatee, and virinchi are the
5 most suitable for manufacture of milk-cloth useful for
"Patapradeepikaa" also says, "Among the milk-trees, the
best for producing milk-cloth are the following five, payodharee,
panchavatee, viranchi, patapaadapa and dugdhapranaalika.
The six bark-trees are godaakanda, kurangaka-niryaasa,
aandolikaaviyatsaara, lavika, prishatka, and kshmaamala.
In conjunction with the milk from milk-trees these barks
produce cloth which is flawless, strong, and soft.
For the two valkalas, according to "Agatatva-nirnaya"
out of 5000 kinds of valkalas from shaarikaa to panchamukhee,
the two named simhikaa and panchaanga are said to be excellent
for producing the milk-cloth required for vimaanas.
The composition of the cloth is as follows:
Dudgdhapranaalika milk 8 parts, 10 parts of the milk
juice of the patavriksha, 7 parts of payodaree or cocoanut
milk, 18 parts of the milk of the 5 vata or ficus trees,
and 12 parts of virancha tree.
The ambikaa-shatka composition is 10 parts of godaa-kanda,
17 parts of gum from kurangaka, 15 parts of aandolikaa viyatsaara,
12 parts lavika, 20 parts of prishatka, and 15 parts of
The two jute cloth proportions are given in "Shana-nirnaya
chandrikaa," as 28 parts of simhikaa jute, and 18 parts
of panchaangavalkala jute.
These proportions of 5 ksheera or milk, 6 ambika or barks,
and 2 valkalas or jutes, should be mixed together and unified,
and boiled in paakaadhaana yantra and churned a number of
times, and processing with acids 12 times, should be filled
in pata-garbha kriya or cloth-making yantra, and milk-cloth
of excellent quality obtained. The parivesha kriyaa-tube
made out of this cloth will, by manipulation of the concerned
switch, expel smoke from the vimaana, and by quick advancing
and reverse revolutions of the wheel will spread the smoke
all round so as to envelope the vimaana by means of the
16 parts of the 305th variety of glass, 5 parts of kaancholikaabharana,
6 parts of nagakesara or merua ferrea,--aletris hyacinthoides,
4 parts of
couries, sunflower, and Indian spikenard, 8 parts of
pure borax, iron dross, onion juice, cuscus grass powder,
ruby glass, the three varieties of salt-petre, sand, essence
of suranjikaa, viranchi flour, essence of black-mica, essence
of bael fruit, and juice of flower buds, these twelve ingredients,
in the proportion of 27, 5, 7, 3, 8, 7, 3, 11, 8, and 12,
are to be filled in the frog-shaped crucible, and placed
in the frog-shaped furnace, and melted with 300 degrees
of heat with the help of two-winged bellows. The resulting
liquid is to be poured into the darpana yantra or glass-making
machine, so as to produce the kiranaakarshana or rays-attracting
The tube made of this glass should be fixed at the top
of the concerned yantra.
Next- the pratibimba-arka-kiranaakarshana naala, or tube
for attracting the reflection of the solar says:
According to "Naalikaa-nirnaya," the essence of squash
gourd, juice of momardica, 2 parts, of the salt of the two
wheeled root vegetable, 3 parts of salt of simhamoola, 122nd
type of glass, essence of white mica, jelly stone, borax,
root of Bengal-madder, thorn at the root of bamboo, lead,
mercury, these 15 ingredients are to be mixed in the proportion
of 5, 12, 4, 3, 7, 3, 11, 4, 9, 12, 20, 18, 12, 5, 20. The
mixture should be filled in the crucible known as samavargika,
and heated in the furnace of the same name, and heated to
the degree of 315, with the aid of bellows called suraghaa.
The resulting liquid should be poured into the mirror--making
machine. The resulting product will be a fine bimbaarka-kiranaadarsha,
or reflected solar ray attracting mirror. This should be
fixed in the central portion of the vimaana and in the 10th
kendra, with five circled screws.
Now we deal with the crest crystal of the vimaana. The
crest-crystals are of 103 kinds. They are named in "Mani-kalpa-pradeepika"
as belonging to the 12th class of 32 groups of crystals.
Their names are shankara, shaantaka, kharva, bhaaskara,
Mandana, kalaantaka, deeptaka, nandaka, chakrakantha, panchanetra,
Rajamukha, Raakaasya, kaalabhyrava, chintamani, koushika,
chitraka, bhaskara, uduraaja, viraaja, kalpaka, kaamikodbhava,
panchasheershna, paarvanika, panchaaksha, paaribhadraka,
isheeka, kaashabhrit, kaala, kanjaasya, kowtika, kalaakara,
kaarmika, vishaghna, panchapaavaka, symhikeya, roudramukha,
manjeera, dimbhika, pingala, karnika,
krodha, kravyaada, kaala-kowlika, vinaayaka, vishwamukha,
paavakaasya, kapaalaka, vijaya, viplava, praanajanghika,
kaarmukha, prithu, shinjeera, shibika, chanda, jambaala,
kutilormika, jrimbhaka, shaakamitra, vishalya, kanka-gowrabha,
suragha, suryamitra, shashaka, shaakala, shaktyaakara, shaambhavika,
shibika, shuka, bherunda, mundaka, kaarshnya, puruhoota,
puranjaya, jambaalika, sharngika, jambeera, ghanavarshmaka,
chanchvaaka, chaapaka, ananga, pishanga, vaarshika. Raajaraaja,
naagamukha, sudhaakara, vibhakara, trinetra, bhoorjaka,
kumuda, koorma, kaarmuka, kapila, granthika, paashadhara,
damaruga, ravi, munjaka, bhadraka.
These are the 103 crystals suitable for being fixed as
crest-jewels of the vimaana. One of them is to be fitted
to the central pinnacle at the top of the vimaana, and the
wires from the electric dynamo should be connected to it,
so that it might be supplied with power. On the upper side
should be attached wires for collecting solar rays, so that
the two forces might act in combination.
The switch-gear for connecting the vimaana with the solar
energy is explained in "Brihath-kaandika." Sandhaana-keelakaas
are of 25 kinds. Their names are pinjuleeka, keeranaka,
dimbhaka, paarvateeyaka, kachchapa, gaaruda, uddanda, shaktipa,
govidaaraka, pavanaasya, panchavaktra, vajraka, kankana,
ahirbudhnya, kundalika, naakula, oornanaabhika, trimukha,
saptasheershanya, panchaavartha, paraavatha, aavarta, naabhika,
Amongst these the 9th, govidaaraka, is best suited to
connect the vimaana with the solar beams for safe navigation.
This is Pariveshakriyaayantra.
Next Angopasamhaara yantra:
During the passage of sun and other planets in the 12
houses of the zodiac, owing to the varying speeds of their
progressive and retrogressive motions, conflicting forces
are generated in the zodiacal regions, and their collisions
will let loose floods of fierce forces which will reduce
to ashes the parts of the plane which get involved with
them. The pilot should get warned by the ushna-pramaapaka
yantra, or heat-measuring instrument, and quickly fold the
concerned parts and ensure their safety.
It is described in "Yantrasarvasva" as follows:
Purifying the metal sumrileeka mixed with manjeera, a
pedestal should be cast, 12 feet long, 18 inches thick,
and shaped as a square or circle. Then mixing the magnetic
stone and dimbika, after purifying them with acids, cast
a pole 3 feet thick and 30 feet tall, with springs, as in
an umbrella, at the foot, in the middle and at the upper
end, and fix it in the centre of the pedestal. Rods made
of mixed metal like umbrella rods, provided with 5 springs,
should connect the springs in the pole with the several
limb mechanisms of the vimaana. Two revolving wheel springs
with two tubes with 3 faces and 3 wheeled springs should
be fixed at the bottom of the pole, near the spring. Above
there should be fixed an oiling tube which will keep all
the springs well-oiled. When a particular limb of the plane
has to be contracted the spring at the foot of the pole
should be turned so as to induce the spring of the part
to operate so as to contract or open up the part as need
be so that the danger to the part will be prevented. By
the operation of the angopasamhaara yantra, any part of
the plane can be folded up to avoid danger and opened out
Vistritaasyaa kriyaa yantra or wide-opening mechanism:
When the various powers, subterranean, eight cardinal
points, earth, cloud, electricity, and oceanic, consemble
in padma-mukha, a power called vishambharee is generated.
It breaks through the earth, emitting great heat, mounts
with a 300 linka speed to the upper sky regions, and reaching
the aerial routes, envelopes the vimaana, and affects the
personnel inside causing grave physical disabilities, and
paralysing the brain. For the purpose of curbing it and
nullifying it, the vistritaasyakriyaa yantra is to be installed
in the vimaana.
According to "Yantrasarvasva," a foot-plate, of an arm's
length, and 22 inches thick, and round-shaped, is to be
made of the wood of the sacred peepul tree. A pole of an
arm's thickness, and 32 inches high, is to be fixed in the
middle of it. Reversible wheeled double-switches should
be fixed along its height, connecting each of the sectional
mechanisms in the vimaana, through tubes reaching to the
bhastrikaa naala or bellows tube attached to the mechanisms.
At the foot of the pole three revolving wheels, and at its
back the contracting switches, have to be fixed
First peetha or footplate, then pillar, then revolving
springs, jointure tubes, two-wheeled keelakas, two-winged
bellows, three wheel moving mechanism, contracting mechanism,
are eight constituent parts of this machine.
First the triple wheeled mechanism should be switched
on. That will set the double wheels in motion. That will
make all the springs attached to the pillar begin to operate.
The two winged bellows attached to the double-wheels will
open up. Wind will rush out and force through all the sandhi-naalas
or jointure tubes. That will set the bellows in the central
operating; thereby the bellows of the sectional mechanisms
will come into play, and air will flow out in a flood, and
taking hold of the vishambharaa shakti expel it to the aerial
regions where it will get lost. Thus the personnel inside
the vimaana will be saved from disabilities and restored
Vyroopya mirror: Says "Yantrasarvasva",
When enemy planes come intent on destroying the vimaana,
the vyroopya mirror is intended to frustrate them. Its parts
are, peetha or stand, central switch-gear, electric pole,
smoke tube, betel-nut oil, triple-wheeled spring, three
satchels, smoke light, and contraction tube.
The peetha or seat should be 2 feet wide and 2 feet tall,
and circular, and made of bael tree wood. 12 centres are
to be marked therein. At each centre revolving joints should
be fixed. Jyotistambha or electric pole, 24 inches thick
and 24 inches tall and made of vyroopya darpana glass, is
to be fixed in the centre. In front of it the electric machine
should be fixed in the 2nd kendra. In the 3rd kendra should
be fixed the turning smoke tubes with winding wires. The
oil vessel should be fixed in the 5th kendra. The 3 satchels,
with 3 mouths, one foot high and made of milk-leather should
be fixed in the 6th 7th, 8th and 9th kendras, up to the
smoke tube. In the tenth kendra should be fixed the smoke-extinguishing
tube mechanism, and the light-extinguishing tube in the
eleventh kendra. The winding wire tube should be fixed in
the 12th kendra.
The operation of the mechanism is as follows:
Drawing the electrical energy from the dynamo, it must
be applied to the triple-wheeled mechanism. That will be
set in motion. The wires
proceeding from there will convey the power to all the
other mechanisms and set them in motion. Kendras 3, 4, and
5, will become active. When kendra, 9 is switched on the
koshas attached thereto will become active. From the 5th
kendra the current should be passed to the oil vessel. The
oil will then convert itself into poisonous .gas. The gas
should be filled in the 3 satchels and the 3 tubes. The
fumes from two of the tubes should then be discharged towards
the enemy planes. They will encircle the enemy planes and
envelope them with a smoke-screen. Then the betelnut oil
should be lighted, and fluxed in the jyoti stamhha or light-pillar.
The light within the pillar will suffuse it with red glow
like a china rose; and pervade the sky. Then the electric
glow should be applied to that glow. The resulting glow
will be multi-coloured like a rain-bow, with violet, indigo,
blue, green, yellow, orange, and red. Then the poison-fumes
from the 3rd tube should be drawn through the air tube,
and let into the multicolour-glowing light-pillar. The fume
will burst into light, and then should be passed through
tube into the vyroopya-darpana. The light glow will pervade
the mirror and attain 3000 degree intensity, causing a blinding
glare and paralising the enemy. Then the gas in the three
satchels should be projected with 25 linka speed towards
the smoke screen enveloping the enemy. Then the smoke from
the tubes should be projected with 28 linka speed into that
screen. Then the smoke filled glow will flood over the enemy
personnel and affect their body joints, organs, mind, vision,
and induce inertness, and make them all fall down senseless.
Then the pilot could change his air-route and proceed forward
Then Padmachakra mukha yantra:
According to "Yantra sarvasva," its parts are, peetha
or pedestal, pillar, tubular pole, electric wiring, glass
lotus petals, lotus formation process, places where the
lotuses are to be located, wind inhaling and leather-bellows
mechanism, contracting and expanding switches, triple-wheel
fixing arrangement, air flow outlets, folding up mechanism.
These are the 12 parts of the padmachakra mukha yantra.
The peetha or seat should be made of the wood of pippala
or the holy fig tree, 8 feet and 3 feet high, and square
or circular. Mark 12 fixing centres on it. From the central
pillar draw lines towards the 12 spots. The central pole,
two tubular posts on either side of it, electric wire in
lotus petals in the north, formation of lotus in the
northern and southern centres, fixing of the lotuses from
the north-east to the south-east corner, to the east air-filling
bellows. In the north west corner the contracting switch,
and the expansion switch in the south-west corner, triple-wheel
revolving mechanism on the eastern side, air flow outlets
underneath each lotus. To its south, the contraction switch.
These are the 12 parts to be fixed in the 12 centres.
The production of the parts is as follows:
The central pivot should be made of abhra-mrid-darpana,
or mica-sand glass. According to "Darpana-prakarana"--
5 parts of rambhasatva (plantain stem?), 8 of manjoosha
(madder root?), 5 parts of kaanta (ayaskaanta? sooryakaanta?),
8 parts of kravyaada (jataamaamsi), 3 parts of aadhaka essence,
7 parts of tortoise shell essence, 18 of bhalyatvak, 3 essence
of kudmala or flower buds, 8 of bamboo salt, 3 of hooves,
28 parts of shoonya-mrid or mica ash, 4 of trivikrama kshaara,
2 of conch, 5 of mercury, 8 of salts, 1 of creepers, 3 of
silver, 3 of eye-ointment, these 18 ingredients, purified,
filled in crucible, placed in varaatakunda furnace and boiled
to 200 degrees, and slowly filled in darpana yantra, will
yield an excellent abhra-mrid darpana.
Two tubular poles of the size of an arm, made of this
glass, should be placed on either side of the pivot. From
the central pole electrical wiring should be connected to
the 12 centres. In the centre of the switch tubes should
be placed the lotus petals, and 150 finely made glass lotus
petals should be spread on the northern side electric wires.
The petals are to be made, according to Lalla, by mixing
15 parts of the mica glass, with 4 parts of sourika salt,
duly mixed and finely powdered and melted in pattikaa machine,
when like onion-skin layers, petals will take shape. Then
the wires attached to the petals should be brought together
from the several centres, and attached to the lotus forming
mechanism. By turning the concerned wheel the petals will
move towards the centre and form a lotus. Each petal will
then become a tube, and by their juggling each
tube will form 2 petals. The air-attracting mechanism
should be placed in front and set to work. With a shrieking
noise the air will be sucked in by each tube and the petals
will shoot the air far into the outer air.
It is said in "sandhaana-patala--"
The scattering of a blizzard which may obstruct the progress
of the vimaana is only possible by means of the padma-sandhaana
and not otherwise. Therefore the spots where the lotuses
are to be inserted are now indicated. On the eastern side
from the north east to the south east the lotuses are to
be erected in seven places in close order. Beneath the seven
lotuses should be fixed seven leathern bellows capable of
deep draughts of air. On the north west corner should be
fixed the double-wheeled contracting mechanism.
According to "Kriyaa saara," by turning the main wheel
in right motion, and the upper wheel in reverse motion at
full speed, the yantra will suffer contraction. This machine
is composed of 6 wheels spread out, 5 naalaas or tubes,
12 wires and 12 openings, and 12 keys which will cause contraction
of the 12 parts, with widened mouth at the upper and lower
parts, and provided with 2 revolving keys. By placing such
a contracting machine in the north-west corner, the machine
could be contracted when desired.
Now we shall deal with the expanding mechanism. It is
round like a water pot, with 12 wheels and mouths, having
12 tubes with rods inside with 12 revolving springs for
ascending motion, and with a central spring for filling
with air. With such a mechanism the yantra can be made to
stretch its parts. This should be fixed in the south west
Then at the eastern face the triple-wheeled revolving
spring, called "bhraamanee-keelaka", should be fixed.
It has 3 ivory wheels, consists of 3 poles, wooden top
shaped like shimshumaara, with wheels with spring on top.
By its operation the several parts of the yantra are set
in motion, and by the operation of the concerned springs,
the yantra will expand. Therefore the 3 wheeled bhraamanee
mechanism should be properly fixed at the eastern kendra
with 5 bolts.
Underneath the lotuses air flow routes should be provided.
There should be openings 12 inches wide, 2 inches high,
be leather-covered, made
of pippala wood, with 7 tubes for the flow of wind. Seven
such tubes should be fixed beneath the seven lotuses, and
provided with keys.
In the southern centre the contracting mechanism or upasamhaara
keela, with 12 outlets, should be fixed.
Owing to the seasonal changes forces will generate in
the joints of the outer space, and combining with the oceanic
forces will reach the realm of air and cause a commotion
which will spread out with fierce force into the farthest
air pockets, and let loose typhoons which reach the vimaana,
and produce a dusty excrescence which will induce chicken-pox-like
skin eruptions on the pilots and other occupants, and also
break up the vimaana. In order to suck up that foul wind-flow,
and expel it out of the vimaana, the padma-patra-mukha yantra
Now we shall deal with kuntinee-shakti yantra. In mid-summer,
out of the myriad heat rays of the sun, by the union of
the 3, 5, and 10th class of rays, a fierce force of blazing
heat named kulakaa is generated.
It is said in "Ritukalpa",
From the solar heat generative source 3 Mahaakshoni and
21 crores 500 lakhs 16 thousand and nineteen heat rays emanate.
They are classified into 5 crores 8 thousand and 107 groups
in Vaalmeeki ganita. Each group is divisible into 100 sub-groups.
Of these when the rays of sub-groups 3, 5, 10 from the second
group get mixed up in the heart of summer, a force called
Kulakaa with fiery intensity is generated; and when it moves
into the path of the flying vimaana, the plane will be reduced
to ashes. To protect against that the kuntinee-shakti yantra
should be installed in the neck portion of the vimaana.
Sage Narayana also says:
Amongst the divisions of the heat rays of the summer
sun, the second group has 85000 rays. Out of them those
numbered 8, 3, and 10 are specially intense, and they attract
the pramlochana shakti from koorma portion of the universe,
and produce a fierce heat-wave called kulikaa. If a vimaana
to encounter it in its course, it will be burnt to ashes.
To safeguard against that the kuntinee-shakti yantra should
be installed in the neck section of the vimaana.
Lallaachaarya also confirms:
Out of the many groups of the heat-rays of summer, numbers
3, 5, and 10 in the 32nd division of the 2nd group of rays'
tend to contact the pramlochana shakti in koorma and produce
a fierce force called kulakaa which will destroy the vimaana.
The erection of the kuntinee-shakti yantra in the vimaana
will prevent it from such destruction.
According to "Yantra Sarvasva",
Among the constituent yantras of the vimaana, the kuntinee-shakti
yantra is required to protect it from the combustible heat
waves known as kulikaa in summer. Its parts are ground-plate,
central switch-board, acid vessel cloth, with folds, chakradanti
naala, milk cloth, tube covering switches, revolving wheel
equipped with electric wiring, and contracting mechanism.
The peetha or ground-plate should be 3 feet wide and
½ foot high, and round like a drinking bowl, seven kendras
or centres commencing from the eastern side, turning switches
in the seven centres, the acid vessel in the central kendra.
For capturing kulikaa the oil from gunja or the seeds
of the shrub abrus and tobacco leaves, and mercury and shanaka
crystal are recommended for use. The oils or acids of the
seeds and tobacco leaves are to be filled in goblet like
cup made of glass made of naaga, crownchika, and sowrambha
metal, add purified mercury, and fix in the central kendra.
Then apply the solar rays to the vessel. By the action of
the rays on the acids the crystal in the vessel will become
charged with a cold frigid force called krownchinee. Then
when the kulikaa force enters the vessel with its fierce
heat, it will be sucked in by the cold-storage crystal.
In the left kendra the cloth with folds should be fixed.
In order to confine in the crystal the fierce heat of
kulikaa it should be wrapped in the folds of a cloth of
fine and strong texture made of spikenard and jute yarn,
with 5 folds and 3 openings. From the openings 3 glass tubes
should be projected with downward bends into 3 wide mouthed
vessels. To the north--east must be fixed the chakradanti
naala for attracting the kulikaa force. Snake-skin, gum
of srini, woollen yarn, soft grass, should be boiled together
and lac-coloured cloth-like glass prepared, and purified
with sundikaa wood oil. It should he rolled in coils just
as a snake circles up in coils and sleeps. The tiny glass
tubes should be attached at the bottom of the chakradanti
Then ksheeree-pata naala, or milk-cloth tube is to be
fixed. Made of milk-cloth with wide-opening, strong, soft,
a tube should he inserted in the mouth of the chakradanti,
and its end should be made to reach the hole in the peetha.
Through that the kulikaa force makes its exit. After placing
ksheeree pata naala like this with key, the electric wire
connected central operating switch should be placed in the
west. And to the north-east of it the vistritaasya or opening
out switch should be fixed.
It should have two satchels, two openings, two right-revolving
and reverse-revolving wheels. In the eastern opening should
be fixed the 2 right-revolving wheels. And in the northern
mouth should be fixed the 2 reverse motion wheels. And as
in an umbrella, sticks connecting all the parts with the
centre, for the purpose of expansion and contraction by
turning a switch. By operating the switch in the eastern
opening all parts will open out or expand. By operation
of the northern switch all parts will close up. This is
the upasamhaara keelakaa.
Having enumerated the parts of the yantra, their operation
is now given. First the electric switch. By putting it on,
the Bhraamanee chakra or pivotal wheel will revolve setting
in motion individual parts as and when desired by turning
their respective switches. Then electric current should
be passed to the acid containing the crystal. Solar rays
also should then be passed into it. Thereby, in the acid
there will be generated a female shakti of 5 nyankas called
sowlikaa. Similarly in the crystal there will be generated
a male shakti of 8 nyankas called chulikaa. By operation
of the electric
current the two shaktis will get unified and produce
an extremely cold shakti called "crownchinee," capable of
attracting the kulikaa. That crownchinee force should be
projected through naala or tube towards the kulikaa, like
imbedding a gunja pea in a lump of lac. Thereby the crownchinee
will drag the kulikaa inside the yantra through the tube
and drop it into the acid vessel where it will be imbibed
by the crystal.
Then the patormikaa key should be turned, whereby the
patormikaa will become wide open preventing any air from
entering the crystal by covering it completely. Then the
chakradanti key should be turned slowly, so that its mouth
opens out and sucks the hot kulikaa from the crystal, and
stores it inside itself. Then the key of the sookshmaadarsa
naala, fine mirror tubes, should be operated. The kulikaa
in chakradanti will emerge through the 3 tubes. Then the
vistritaasya key should be operated quickly so that all
the parts will open out, and the kulikaa shakti will get
out and disappear, and the danger to the pilot will have
passed. Then by operating the upasamhaara keelaka, the expanded
parts will close up and the yantra will return to normalcy.
Now we shall deal with Pushpinee yantra. When the pilot
has to travel during spring and summer months, the pushpinee
yantra is intended to provide him with necessary comforts.
According to "Khetavilaasa":
In spring a force called sowrikaa emanates from the south-east.
And in summer a force called panchashikhaa arises in the
north-west and is intensified by the sun's rays. Panchashikhaa
contains two kinds of poisons. Sowrikaa having fire and
moon contents is cold and hot, cold internally, and hot
externally. It generates warmth in all creations, making
the human kind perspire, and the trees and vegetation bring
out their milk and gums. Thereby their bodies are relieved
of harmful materials likely to lead to diseases.
By its cold effect and attracting the spring effect from
the solar rays, it permeates all things, and brings out
shoots, tendrils, flowers and a glow in all trees and creepers.
Similarly it effects the 7 physiological components of the
human body and increases their vigour, strength, growth,
Panchashikhaa shakti or force effects movable and immovable
life adversely by its stultifying influence, shrinks and
dries up the growth process of both vegetable and animal
life and causes deterioration. To counteract this harmful
effect of the season on the personnel of the vimaana, the
pushpinee yantra is commended as one of the constituents
of the aeroplane.
Its parts are, the base, the cold processing mirror,
keelaka or key, cold generating crystal, acid vessel, electric
wheel with 100 spokes.
The sunda-mud made glass is prepared, according to "Paarthiva-paaka
Kalpa" as follows. Take salt, shinjeera, bone, and betel-nut
salt, durona, kuruvinda grass (cyperus rotundus), gum, sowraashtra
mud, virinchi vatika or banyan bark, silk cotton tree bark,
and coir salt, these ingredients are to be taken in the
proportion of 5, 12, 2, 3, 8, 3, 30, and 6, purified, filled
in the crucible, and placed in the tortoise shaped furnace,
boiled 32 times in 100 degree heat with the help of two
faced bellows, and the resulting fluid poured into the cooling
yantra. A pure and fine sunda-mud-glass will be formed.
With the glass thus produced by boiling 32 times, a base
is to be formed 12 inches wide, 3 inches high, four-square
or circular. From the centre of it 4 kendras or centres
are to be marked. In the centre an arm-sized pivot made
of the said glass should be fixed. On top of it is to be
fixed the cold-processing mirror key. At its centre should
be fixed the cold producing crystal. At the eastern centre
should be placed the acid vessel.
Dravapaatra or acid vessel is described in "Kriyaasaara."
It should be 12 inches wide and 12 inches high, shaped like
a tumbler, circular, and hard like a cocoanut shell, and
be made of the sheeta-ranjikaa glass.
The glass is described in "Darpana Prakarana". Shasha-piththa,
udupiththa, borax, kutmala, jyotsnaa saara, rasonta kanda
flour, kudupa-salt, mica salt, shoundeera jangha shalya
flour, vaatohara, white niryaasa earth salt, and uragha.
These 12 ingredients should be taken in the proportion
of 5, 3, 5, 1, 10, 10, 11, 8, 7, 2, 20, and 6, and after
properly purifying them, fill them in lotus-shaped crucible,
and placing it in the lotus shaped furnace filled with
burning charcoal, and with the aid of the five-mouthed
bellows blow the heat to 323 degrees temperature, and pour
the liquid into the yantra. The resulting glass is called
sheeta-ranjikaadarsa or cold-receptacle glass.
Cold-producing crystal is described in "Maniprakarana":
5 parts of couries and manjula powder, 4 parts udumbara
salt, 3 of rubhna, 8 parts of varchulaka, 7 of sheeta ranjikaadarsha,
3 of vatu, 28 of shaalmali, 3 of salts, 7 of mercury, 8
of white mica, 8 of karkataanghri salt, 5 of chowlika satva,
15 of niryaasa earth, 25 of sampaathi bird kneebone--
These 14 ingredients, in the named proportions are to
be purified and filled in mritkundala-moosha or earthen
crucible, and placed in kulakundika furnace, and with the
aid of tryambaka bellows blown into 300 degree temperature.
Fill the boiled liquid into the mani-prasoothika, or crystal
forming yantra. The crystal produced will be pure, hard,
and intensely cold.
In front of it should be fixed .the electric panka wheel,
with 100 spokes and electric wiring, and purified by 3 acids.
As per "Kriyaasaara," 12 parts of copper, 3 of collyrium,
8 of zinc, should be mixed and melted with 100 degree heat.
It will become pure like gold, yellow, fine, soft, and strong.
It is called pancha-loha or five-in-one metal by those who
know. 100 leaves like those of lotus should be formed out
of them. Then 3 navels, three navel keys, and 3 wires, and
a sounding keelaka or key, or switch, or wheel.
First the navel wheels with hinged rods should be fixed
so that the 100 petals will he made to revolve with due
speed on the four sides of the wheel. Similarly by the side
of the wheel in front of it, another 100 petals should be
properly fixed for revolving in reverse direction. And electric
wires should be fixed on both sides of the centre of the
western wheel, for operating the 100 spoked electric panka
or fan. Then the vessel should be filled with the cold generating
acid. And encircling the cold-generating mani or crystal,
it should be placed in another vessel in the centre. And
copper wiring enclosed in milk-cloth should be attached
to the wire in the acid vessel. Two wires from there with
switches should be connected with the cold ranjikaa glass
or mirror in right-turning fashion. Then current should
be switched into the electric wiring in the crystal and
acid. Then by the contact of the electric current the forces
within the crystal and the acid will get active and their
combined cooling and comforting quality will enter the
cold ranjanikaa mirror and concentrate in it. On operating
the switch attached to it, the cold effect will spread out
all over the interior of the vimaana, and overcoming the
scorching seasonal effect, make it comfortable and pleasant
for the pilot, and restore his efficiency. Similarly the
100 spoked panka (fan?) should be switched on, when a breeze
will be generated and air-condition the atmosphere of the
pilots. Thus by the use of the crystal, acid, and panka,
a state of pleasant comfort will be induced, and vigour,
exhilaration, and competence will be injected into all the
limbs of the body. Therefore this Pushpinee yantra should
be installed in the southern section of the vimaana.
Aadarsha or Pinjulaa Mirror:
By the collision of two winds giving rise to a whirlwind,
and the fierce solar ray dashing against it, a lightning
bolt erupts and strikes the unwary vimaana. To protect against
such an event, the pinjula mirror is to be installed. An
eight petalled lotus is to be made of the pinjula glass.
Where the petals join, a circular dandaakaara should be
made. At the back two hinged bolts should be fixed. They
should be wound round by wires from the cold mirror. The
back should be covered with a coir-made cloth covering.
It should be fixed in the southern side of the vimaana,
at an arm's height, facing the sun. The lightning will be
absorbed by the projecting rods coiled with wires from the
cold aadarsha mirror, and no evil effect will occur, and
the pilot can proceed in safety.
or Five tubes:
If the smoke from the kitchen over of the vimaana spreads,
it will cause discomfort for people inside. Therefore the
five tubes or pipes should be inserted for the smoke to
go out and the air become clear. The pipes are to be manufactured
as follows. Magnetic iron, pinjula mica, ghontaara metal,
dhoomapaasya metal, and tortoise shell, are to be taken
in the proportion of 1, 7, 5, 5, 8, purified, filled in
crucible, and melted with 100 degree heat, and when ultimately
cooled, a fine metal called vaataayanee metal, or window
metal will result shining like gold.
With that metal 5 tubular outlets, 12 inches in diameter
and 12 inches in length, should be fashioned. At one end
of each of the tubes should be fixed
a smoke-absorbing crystal. The tubes should be inserted
in the 4 sides of the vimaana, forming outlets. One tube
should be fixed at the ceiling. The dhoomapa crystals will
attract the smoke and pass it to the outside, and clear
the vimaana of its discomfort. Hence the necessity for the
naalapanchaka, or five tubes.
Then Guhaa-garbha aadarsha yantra, or hidden mine discovering
According to "Yantra Sarvasva" enemies would have placed
mines and bombs underground for the destruction of the vimaana,
unless they are discovered and de-fused in time there would
be danger. Therefore the mine-finder yantra has to be installed
in the vimaana.
Says kriyaasaara, out of the 72nd type of glass, make
a triangular, a circular, and a quadrangular shaped glass
mirrors. These are to be fixed as follows with bolts made
of pancha-dhaaraa metal in a frame made of the wood of the
anjishtha tree. The circular mirror should be fixed at the
bottom facing downwards. The quadrangular mirror should
be fixed facing upwards. The triangular mirror should be
fixed to the west of these two, with a panchamukha keelee
or 5 faced hinge. From the main pivot of the quadrangular
mirror to the foot of the bolt at the south-east corner
of the yantra, wires made of copper, tiles, and panchaasya
metal should be drawn and connect them, and then the wire
ends and chumbaka crystal should be placed in the mercuric-sulphur
acid vessel. Four other wires should be made to circle the
triangular mirror, pass through the mirror facing upwards,
and fixed to the centre of the down-ward facing mirror.
Then solar rays should be let in from the western side.
A screen cloth coated with mirror-like gum should be placed
opposite to the triangular mirror. Then the solar rays and
electric current should be passed into the acid vessel containing
the crystal. When the electrified rays from the crystal
are passed on to the downward facing mirror, they will explore
the ground over which the vimaana is to pass, and discover
mines and bombs like mahagola and agni-garbha, which may
have been inserted there and reflect their complete picture
in the crystal in the acid vessel. The picture will then
be projected to the screen opposite in clear detail, and
by washing with chemicals present a perfect photograph of
the buried mines and bombs, which could then be destroyed
by due safety measures. Therefore the guhaa-garbha aadarsha
yantra or mine-discovering yantra is essential for a vimaana.
continues] Its parts are as follows:
First the 72nd type of mirror, known as suranjitaadarsha.
"Darpana Prakarana" says:
Madder-root, live coal, ox-gall, snake-gourd, mercury,
karanja or galedupia arborea, copper, 3 kinds of sharkara
(sugar or sand?), borax, sulphur, chaaru or silk-cotton
bark, lac, kuranga, rouhinee, iron-rust, panchaanana, liquid
amber, Shiva or brionia laciniosa, vishwa, mica, paarvanija,
vydoorya gem stone, in the proportion of 11, 27, 5, 7, 7,
3, 7, 5, 20, 3, 7, 3, 1, 32, 30, 38, 8, 7, 3, 9, 30, duly
pulverised and filling in a beaked crucible, placed in a
vaaraaha furnace, and heated to the 100th degree with the
aid of the tortoise-shaped bellows. When the finely boiled
liquid is poured in the cooling yantra, suranjika glass
of exquisite quality will result, out of which three mirrors
have to be fashioned for the guhaa-garbha-aadarsha yantra.
Kriyaasaara says, "Many kinds of trees are suitable for
use in making yantras. Of them all the tree called aanjishtha
is the finest." "The trees having 5 qualities are 87 in
number. The best among them all is aanjishtha," says "Udbhijya
Agatatvalaharee also says, the five qualities such as
the capacity to capture reflections, and others, are found
inherent in the Aanjishtha (or madder root) tree. Therefore
out of all woods the wood of that tree is most suitable
for use in this yantra.
In making yantras, pivots of various metals are being
used. But for use in connection with the guhaa-garbha-aadarsha,
or hidden mine discovering instrument, the shankus or pivots
made of pancha-dhaaraa-loha or five alloy metal are the
Kshvinkaa, iron-pyrites, copper, indra, and ruruka, purified,
powdered, and filled in mrugendra moosha crucible and boiled
to 300 degree heat with beaked bellows, will yield a 5 alloy
metal, strong and heavy.
Paara-granthika acid for insertion of the crystal, is
described in "Moolikaarka prakaashikaa." Mercury, bamboo
salt, Indian spikenard joint, paarvanika or clerodendrum
phlomides, svarna seeds or Indian labernum seeds? or yellow
thistle seeds?, and ghatotkaja or American aloe, in equal
quantities, should be filled in a big bellied earthen pot,
heated to yield a golden hued shining liquid, which is very
useful for capturing reflections.
Chumbaka crystal is the one most suited for use in capturing
reflections of objects. It is manufactured as per "Manipradeepikaa,"
with the following ingredients. Magnet, sand, borax, ivory,
shoundika or long pepper, mercury, paarvana or clerodend
rum phlomoides, copper, vermillion, iron-pyrites, grudhnika,
souri or marking nut, buffalo hoop, vishwakapaala, cleaned
and powdered, and filled in karpala crucible and baked in
a furnace with the aid of owl-nosed bellows to 100 degrees,
will yield a fine image producing crystal.
Pigment for coating the screen so as to present a clear
picture, is called "Roopaakarshana-niryaasa," or image reproducing
niryaasa or varnish. Out of 360 such varnishes that is the
Says "Niryaasa kalpa":
Moonstone, crownchaka, bamboo rice, five milks from banyan,
fig, keg etc., trees, magnet, udusaara, mercury, mica, pearl,
earth from ant-hill, saarasvata oil, and nakha or nail?
these 16 articles to be taken in equal parts, purified,
should be ground for a period of 30 days in the juice of
the peacock's egg, then mixed with bilva oil and boiled
for four yaamaas or twelve hours until it becomes a perfect
gum or varnish. Some call it reflector varnish. Some call
The varnish is to be evenly spread on the special cloth
called patadarpana, so that it may present as on a cinematograph
screen, the pictures reflecting the location of anti-aircraft
mines discovered by the roopaakarshana yantra.
The production of Pata-darpana is described in "Darpana-prakarana":
Gum, cotton, pratolikaa, kuranga or pallatory root, maatanga
or keg tree bark, cowries, kshoneeraka, gholikachaapa, granite
sand, parotikaa, sea-foam, priyangava, ghanjhotikaa, sugar-cane,
rukma or argemone mexicana,
kesara or mesua ferraa gum, earthen salt, suvarchala,
urugha, bydaara oil, muchukunda flour, sinjaanu, anchaalika,
turmeric, kaarmuka or acacia catechu, these ingredients
in the proportion of 100, 58, 25, 28, 4, 12, 5, 3, 1, 30,
10, 5, 8, 12, 3, 13, 22, 27, 28, 3, 24, 7, 3, 13, should
be cleansed, powdered, filled in a vessel, and boiled in
the furnace with 100 degree heat, and the unified fluid
should be poured on a flat surface so as to form an even
surfaced sheet. After drying, the photographic niryaasa
varnish is to be used to coat this sheet, for use in the
or Darkness creating yantra:
Vimaanaas are liable to be attacked by enemies with poison
fumes of Rouhinee or krakachaarimani rays. As a protection
against it the thamo yantra has to be installed in the vimaana.
Out of 132 types of thamo-yantras, the 62nd variety is said
to be the best for safe-guarding against poison fume and
ray attacks by the enemy.
Black lead, aanjanika (collyrium?), vajra-tunda are to
be powdered and mixed in equal quantities, filled in fish-shaped
crucible and placed in crow shaped furnace, heated to 100
degrees, and poured into the cooling receptacle will yield
a fine, light, strong thamo-garbha-loha, or darkness impregnated
alloy metal, useful for making Thamo-yantra.
The peetha or stand is to be 3 feet wide and ½ foot high,
square or round. In the centre of it is to be fixed the
pivot. At its front should be placed the vessel of the acid
of guggala or Indian dellium. To the west should be fixed
the mirror for enhancing darkness, and in the east should
be fixed the solar ray attracting tube. In the centre should
be fixed the wire operating wheel, and to its south should
be fixed the main operating wheel or switch.
Its working is as follows. On turning the wheel in the
south east, the two faced mirror fixed to the tube will
revolve and collect the solar rays. By operating the wheel
in the north west, the acid in the vessel will begin functioning.
By slightly moving the wheel in the south-east, the solar
rays will enter the crystal in the acid vessel. By turning
the wheel in the west, the darkness intensifying mirror
will begin to function. By turning the central wheel the
rays attracted by the mirror will reach the crystal and
envelop it. Then the main wheel should be revolved with
great speed, when the darkness will be produced enveloping
the vimaana and making it invisible, and the efforts of
the enemies to attack it with poison gas and rays will miss
their target and become ineffective. This yantra should
be placed in the north-west sector of the Vimaana Panchavaataskandha-Naala.
Iron rust, shaarana, copper, suvarchala salt, in equal
parts, to be filled in mayookha crucible, placed in jumboo-mukha
furnace, and using kaakamukha bellows boiled to 102 degrees
and cast in the yantra, will yield a pure, light, soft,
strong, nice cool metal known as vaatadhaarana loha.
4 tubes, each 2 yards long and 1 yard high, should be
prepared. Like the circular opening in the top of the vimaana
two openings on each and one at the bottom should be prepared.
Each tube should be inserted in the said openings. Another
tube 12 feet long and 3 feet high should be fixed on the
western side in the opening at the top. To each tube should
be attached bellows' mouth operated by wheels. By turning
the wheels of the 5 tubes the 5 poisonous winds will be
sucked in and passed into the tubes to make their exit,
without causing harm to the plane.
There are 13 air layers known as Vrishni and others.
By the force of the Panktiraadhasa Kendra, they tend to
jostle each other, and generate fierce forces which will
be destructive to the unwary vimaana which may get involved
in them. Therefore the Pancha-Vaata-Skandha-Naala Yantra
is to be inserted in the back portion of the vimaana; to
safeguard against evil consequences.
From the south-eastern side of the earth-sun axis solar
rays touch the turbulent forces in the etherial regions,
and burst into flames, and vimaanas which may be out on
their course may be destroyed by the flames. To prevent
such a happening the roudree-darpana yantra should be installed
in the bottom of the vimaana.
Says "Yantrasarvasva", "At the time when spring passes
into summer, the forces in the junctional regions of the
sky, on contact by fierce solar
rays, burst into tumultuous flames, and destroy all things
that pass through, Therefore the roudree darpana should
be fitted in the vimaana as a safe-guard against that."
According to "Darpana Prakarana," iron rust, magnet,
veera iron, borax, panchaanana metal, mica, honey, red castor
bark, banyan, suryavarchula or sweet-salt, gold, alika,
shaarkara or benzoin tree bark, pancha tikta or 5 sours,
snake gourd, and paaduka, are to be powdered, cleaned, and
in equal quantities filled in padmaasya crucible, and placed
in vishvodara furnace and heated to 200 degrees. The molten
liquid poured into the mould will yield excellent flame-proof
With this roudree-darpana glass a plank of 16 feet in
dimension should be prepared. A pivot 25 inches thick should
be fixed at the centre of the plank. At the edge Of the
pivot, two wheels should be fixed revolving with right motion
and reverse motion for expanding and contracting. A wheel
equipped with rods for spokes should be fixed, the spokes
being 15 inches from each other. Sheets made of roudree
glass, washed with linseed, drona or lucas aspera, liquid
amber, and madder root oils should be fixed to the rods
with hinges. Similarly crystals made of roudree-darpana
glass, with 5 facets, cleaned with the oils should be fixed
at the end of the rods. Between each rod 18 leaves like
lotus leaves with revolving keys should be fixed. The instrument
is to be shaped like an umbrella. The leaves should be fixed
at the pivot top with 8 keys.
When the burning flames are imminent, the pilot should
turn the expansion wheel vigorously, and the umbrella will
open up and provide a shielding cover for the vimaana. The
lotus petals, the crystals, and the enveloping cover will
protect the vimaana from the threatened danger.
Next, the Vaata-skandhana-naala.
According to "Gati-nirnaya-adhyaaya"
In the Aavaha and other giant wind spheres there are
122 kinds of different motions of the wind. In the summer
season the 79th kind of motion occurs mostly. When the vimaana
travels in the 4th region of the sky, it tends to zig-zag
owing to the wind currents, and cause hardship to pilots
and other occupants. Therefore as a safe-guard against it,
the Vaatastambhana-naala-yantra should be installed in the
bottom section of the vimaana.
Says "Yantra Sarvasva",
The vaatastambhana naala yantra should be manufactured
with the vaatastambhana metal only. According to "Lohatatva
prakarana," dantee or croton seeds, suvarchala or sun-flower
salt, mayoora or sulphur, lohapanchaka or copper, brass,
tin, lead, and iron, bhrisundika, suranjika or sulphate
of mercury, varaahaanghri loha, virohina or creya arboria,
kuberaka, muraarikaanghri metal, ranjika or phosphorus,
suhamsanetraka, dala or folia malabathy, courie sea-shell,
mrinaalikaa or lotus stalk, to be powdered, cleaned, and
in equal quantities filled in matsya or fish-shaped crucible,
and placed in maaghima furnace, and with the aid of vijrimbhana
bellows duly melted, will yield a molten liquid which when
poured into the mould and cooled will yield an excellent
With that metal 6 naalas or tubes of 15 inches diameter,
with wide openings should be prepared and fixed in the tail
and centre and front of the vimaana 10 inches deep, east
to west and north to south, and held together with hoop
iron binders. At the mouth of each tube a vaatapaa or air
imbibing crystal should be fixed by wires. Between the tubes
flags or pennants made of cotton-cloth duly processed, should
be tied. And wheels made of the special metal should be
fixed above each pennant. When the vaataayanee wind blast
blows, the pennants will flutter noisily, and the wheels
fixed underneath them will also revolve as also the crystals.
The fluttering pennants pass the blowing wind to the wheels
which pass them on to the crystals, which will pass them
into the tubes from which they will be ejected through openings
to the outside. That will protect the vimaana from their
Sowdaaminee kalaa explains it as follows:
During the rainy season, when rain clouds gather in the
sky, lightning of five kinds begin to play. They are named
vaaruni, agnimukha, danda, mahat, raavanika. Of them, vaaruni
and agnimukha are very active and fearful and are likely
to be attracted by the roudree-darpana and other mirrors
and cause fires which destroy the vimaana. In order to prevent
that the vidyud-yantras should be installed in the front
and the right side of the aeroplane.
According to Yantra-Sarvasva:
In order to protect the plane from lightning, vaaruni
and agni, the vidyuddarpana should be installed in the vimaana.
Darpana Prakarana explains its structure:
Kuranga or pallatory root, panchaasya metal, virinchi,
shonaja or red lead, sand, alum, kutbha or hellebore, pearl,
sundaaliga, mercury, yavakshaara or salt-petre, borax, bidouja
salt, pingaaksha or terminalia chebula (?), cowries, and
karbura or hedychum specatum, powdered and purified, in
the proportion of 10, 7, 4, 3, 12, 2, 3, 7, 11, 27, 14,
3, 22, 18, 5, and 11, filled in padmaasya crucible, placed
in vishvodara furnace, and with the aid of the 5 mouthed
bellows heated to 500 degrees, the molten liquid will yield
in the cooling mould a glass which is impregnated with 300
shaktis or forces, and can overpower the lightning blasts
from the vaaruni and agni forces, shining with wonderful
rays, and capable of spreading its own lighting force within
2 kshanas or a few seconds to a distance of 5 yojanas or
With that lightning darpana glass should be constructed
the Vidyuddarpana yantra. A plank, 20 feet in diameter and
1 foot high, square or circular in shape should be prepared,
4 glass tubes of crescent moon shape should be fixed around
the peetha or plank. In the centre should be fixed a cage
made of chumbuka glass, fitted with wires and 5 faced switches
at each face, and 5 goblets made of vidyuddarpana. In the
centre should be fixed a spire made of the same glass with
7 cross spokes and tubes, 8 faced and 10 angled. By turning
the key inside, the spire is to revolve with speed. That
will attract and contain the lightning emitted by the clouds.
The rays will expel it to the outer air region, and incapacitate
it. Then a snow-like cool temperature will render the interior
of the vimaana safe and pleasant for the pilot and other
occupants. Therefore this vidyuddarpana yantra should be
installed duly in the vimaana.
The spots from which sounds emanate in the sky are called
shabda-kendras or sound centres. The different directions
from which the sounds
are projected are called shabda-kendra mukhas. The yantra
which is meant to control the sounds so projected is called
shabda-kendra mukha yantra.
Out of 304 classified sounds the sounds of water-laden
clouds, wind, and lightning are said to be fiercest. In
the 8th region of the sky these three sounds unify in the
shishira Ritu or February-March period, and produce ear-splitting
thunders. They would deafen pilots and others in the vimaana.
As protection against that the shabda-kendra mukha yantra
is to be installed.
It is said in Shabda-nibandhana, "By the combination
of water, fire, air, and sky, sound is generated both among
living and life-less objects. The sounds in the word "Shabdaha,"
i.e., sha, b, d, and ha, indicate water, fire air, and sky
We shall deal with the nature of sound or "shabdaha".
The word consisting of sounds sha, ba, da, and ha, stands
for water, fire, air, and sky. By the combination of these
four forces in various proportions, 304 different kinds
of sounds are generated.
The Braahmana bhaaga of the Veda also says shabdaas are
of 304 kinds, such as sphota or embryo, very feeble sound,
feeble sound, manda or soft, very soft, fast, very fast,
medium, very medium, great sound, thunder sound, and thunder-bolt
It is said in Yantra-Sarvasva,
In the 8th region of the sky, by the concatenation of
water-cloud, wind and fire, an extremely fearful thunder
clap will occur which will blast the ears of pilots who
may enter the region. To safeguard against that the vaataskandha
mukha yantra is to be installed in the vimaana.
In the 8th region of the sky there are 307 centres of
sound. From the 70th centre a fierce sound proceeds by the
force of water. From the 312th centre a fierce sound produced
by wind will emanate. Similarly from the 82nd centre a fierce
sound generated by lightning will emanate. By collision
of the three a terrible sound will result which will deafen
the pilots of the vimaana. Therefore facing each sound emanation
centre the shabdopasamhaara yantra is to be established.
The construction of the yantra is as follows:
Gavyaarika, monkey's skin, duck-weed, shana-kosha or
jute product, crounchika or lotus stalk, vaaripishtaka or
shag, roonthaaka, flesh, elephant trunk, and tin, are to
be purified, and the nine elements, other than the skin,
in equal parts, filled in niryaasa yantra and baked for
3 days with buffalo bile, will yield a decoction of fine
scarlet colour. Seven times this decoction should be spread
on the skin, and left to dry in the sun. The skin will then
acquire the capacity to suppress sound.
A box 2 feet long and 1 foot high made of badhira or
deaf metal is to be made. Two pipes made of the same metal
shaped like crane's beak, should be fixed inside it. Above
it should be fixed an umbrella made of shabdapaa darpana,
or sound-drinking glass. A crystal washed with tulasee or
basil seed oil should be placed inside the monkey skin and
sealed with rhinoceros gum. The sealed skin with crystal
should be placed in the central pipe inside the box. Monkey
skin alone should be placed in the pipe on the left side.
Thin wires should connect them all and be fitted with hinges
and switches. Above the canopy of the box a monkey skin
shaped like lion's mouth should be connected by wire through
a pipe to the crystal in the tube inside the box. The top
of the box should be covered, securely.
Badhira loha or deaf-proof metal is explained in Lohatantra-Prakarana;
lime fruit, laguda or sweet-scented oleander, virinchi,
rishika or water-calteop, maaloora or Bengal quince, panchaanana
metal, luntaaka, varasimhika or solenum xunthokurpum, kuravaka
or gigantic swallow-wort, sarpaasya or mesua ferrea, vaakula
or surinam medlar, jack-fruit, camphor and vatika or salvinia
cusullata, in equal parts, purified, and filled in tryutee
crucible, and heated in the furnace, will when cast produce
a metal, cold, dark, sound-proof, powerful, able to control
bleeding, and draw out missile parts from the war wounds
of soldiers and healing them, and capable of reducing the
effect of thunder claps.
The simhaasya bellows is to collect the fierce sound
and transmit it to the crystal inside the metal box so that
the monkey skin will absorb it and stifle its intensity.
Therefore shabda-kendra mukha yantra should be installed
in the vimaana.
Yantra, or Yantra of 12 lightnings is explained in Kriyaasaara.
In the realm of the comets and shooting stars in the
sky, at the 8th region there are 30703221 shooting stars.
8000 of them are prone to lightnings, and 12 of them known
as mahaakaala etc., are of importance.
Shakti-tantra says, "The 12 lightnings which form the
eyes of the shooting stars are named, rochishee, daahakaa,
simhee, patanga, kaalanemikaa, lataa, vrindaa, rataa, chandee,
mahormee, paarvanee, mridaa."
Mahaakaala, mahaagraasa, mahaajwaalaamukha, visphulinga
mukha, deerghavaala, khanja, mahormika, sphulinga-vamana,
ganda, deergha-jihva, duronaka, and sarpaasya are 12 comets
with 12 lightning eyes.
The lightning effects of the comets are extremely severe
in the period of sharat or autumn, October and November,
and vasanta or spring, March and April. By the collision
of the solar rays and the lightnings a force called ajagara
is created. When the vimaana reaches the 20th region of
the sky, that force paralyses the plane. To protect against
such happenings the vidyuddwaadasha yantra is to be installed.
Yantra Sarvasva also Says:
Vidyuddwaadasa yantra is excellent in protecting against
the lightning effect of comets. Its details are as follow.
First duly coated jataghana should be prepared. It should
have 22 folds so as to cover the vimaana. Poundraka and
other crystals should be fixed in each of the folds. Then
mahorna acid should be placed inside in the north-east side
of the vimaana. 8 rods, each of 6 arms length, made of anti-lightning
glass should be fixed in the 8 directions over the cover
of the vimaana. At the beginning, middle, and end of the
vimaana canopy, spring wheels made of dambholee metal, 5
faced and interconnected should be fixed with revolving
bolts. Cages made of wire should enclose the poundraka crystals,
and the wire terminals should be attached to the spring
wheels. The wire ends from 4 of the cages should have a
On the main wheel being put in speedy motion the 12 crystal
cages will revolve, the enveloping cloth cover will spread
out, and the lightning
absorbing power of the cloth will be activated. The crystals
will attract the ajagara lightning, bifurcate the comet
lightning from the solar rays, and transmit it to the 8
rods. The rods will absorb and then transfer the lightning
power to the folds of the power proof cloth. By operating
the central switch in the enclosure, a force called vidyut-kuthaarika,
or lightning-axe, will be generated in the acid, and it
will attract the comet force from the cloth, and submerge
it in the acid. Then by operating the end switch in the
enclosure, the ajagara force in the acid will dart towards
the pataghana cloth-cover and take refuge, where upon the
blowing wind will evaporate it and nullify its effects,
and the vimaana will be out of danger.
Shundaala metal, mridakaantaka or mountain ebony, ghanodara,
budilaakara or tamarind, vatsanaabha poison, pankaja or
eclipta prostrala, kutilaraga, naga or mesua ferrea, white
sand, vara or syndhava salt, garada, mica, garala, or honey
product, mukha, shringa, sphatika crystal, avara, muktaaphala
or pearl? guggulu or boswellia glabra, kaanta or steel,
kuranja or Indian beach, natron, salt-petre, borax, copper,
snake scale, udupa, barren tree, sonamukhee or Tinnevelly
senna, brown barked acacia, jaambalika or citrus grass?
lemongrass? kusha grass, kudmala or flower bud, gold, these
26 ingredients, purified and filled in crucible and placed
in padmaakara furnace, and with the aid of simhaasya or
lion-faced bellows heated to 300 degrees, and poured into
the mould, will yield a fine anti-lightning glass.
or thunderbolt metal is thus described in Lohatatitra-Prakarana:
Urvaaraka, kaaravika, kuranga, shundaalika, chandramukha,
virancha, kraantodara, yaalika, simhavaktra, jyotsnaakara,
kshwinka, pancha-mourtwika, metals should be purified and
placed in mandooka-or frog-crucible, placed in the five
faced furnace, and with the aid panchamukha or 5 mouthed
bellows heated to 500 degrees, will yield the dambholi alloy.
Poundrika crystals are described in Maniprakarana which
describes the poundrika crystal.
Poundrika, jrimbhaka, shibira, apalochana, chapalaghna,
veeragha, gajatundika, taaraa mukha, maandalika, panchaasya,
amrita sechaka, these 12 crystals are destroyers of ajigara.
Draavaka prakarana explains mahorna acid: pynaaka, panchamukha,
ammonium chloride, wild liquorice, iron-pyrites, kudupa,
vajrakanda, budila, mercury, steel, charcoal, mica, these
in equal parts purified and boiled in acid boiler, will
yield mahorna acid.
According to "Kheta-Sarvasva," where the contact of smoke,
lightning and wind courses in the sky occurs is the praanakundalee
position. The yantra which can control, restrain, and set
in motion the forces of these three in their several courses,
is called praana-kundalee yantra.
According to Kriyaasaara, the yantra which is installed
in the praanakundalee kendra of the vimaana in order to
control the forces of lightning, wind, and smoke, and adjusts
their movements is called praana-kundalinee yantra.
Says Yantra-sarvasva, "In order to control the movements
of the forces of smoke, electricity and wind, and make them
disperse, move, halt, or make stunt move or reverse move,
the praana-kundalinee yantra is installed in the vimaana.
A peetha or stand 3 feet in diametre and 3 feet high, square
or. circular, should be made of vrishala metal, with 8 kendras
or central spots. In each central spot, two wheels with
revolving hinges; small peethaas or plates with 3 holes,
4 teeth, 3 pivots, in their middle a central pivot, three
red-coloured tubes or pipes with opening and closing wheels,
and switches for right motion, and reverse motion, with
a shabda-naala in the centre, with wheels (with hinges and
rods) which will flap the wings; from the north-east and
south-east kendras and the middle-kendra in the west up
to the middle of the course of the yaana kundalinee revolving
wheels with pivots. Motions are by means of hand wheels.
By the operation of the several wheels the plane will be
set in motion. From the central pivot of the 8 kendras strong
wires should pass the eastern peetha or footboard through
randhras or holes and reach the tops of the 3 tubes at the
window. The 3 forces should be made to aid the motion of
the vimaana, and the remnant of the force should be passed
through the 8 tubes and get lost in the sky, leaving the
The eight powers of the planets and stars, at the time
of full moon in the month of kaartika,--i.e., November-December,
are pulled forcefully by mahaa-vaarunee shakti or great
cold force. In the 137th route in the sky there is a jala-pinjooshikaa
shakti which will attract and spread them all over, and
there will be a fierce outburst of dew and snow. Then 3
currents will be generated: one will be a damp cold air
flow; the second will be a wet dewy flow; and the third
will be a cold air flow. When the vimaana approaches that
region, the first force will divest it of all power. The
second force will benumb the pilots and operators. The third
force will envelop the vimaana and make it invisible. Thus
overcome, the vimaana will crash. As protection against
such a happening the shaktyudgama yantra should be fixed
in the navel spot of the vimaana.
"Eight planets are, Mars, Sun, Saturn, Venus, Mercury,
Moon, Jupiter, and Ruru. And krittikaa, shatabhisha, makha,
mrigashiras, chitra, shravana, pushya, and ashvinee are
eight luminous stars. In the course of their transit through
space the planets and stars approach each other in the period
of sharat or autumn generating eight forces."
"Chaara-nibandhana" also says, "According to the science
of astronomy, planets and stars in the course of their perambulations
happen to approach one-another. Then conflict arises between
the magnetic and electric forces of planet and star, and
eight cold forces are generated in consequence."
"Shakti-sarvasva" says, "When the star krittika comes
near planet Mars, a force called shaktyudgamaa is generated.
Similarly, by the star shatabhisha coming near the planet,
Sun, a cold force called jwaalaamukhee is generated. By
the nearness of mrigashiraa and Venus a damp cold windy
force called mahojjwalaa is generated. By the approach of
star makhaa to planet Saturn a force called shytya-damshtraa
is generated. By the approach of chitta to Mercury a force
called shytya-hymaa is generated. By the approach of shravana
to Moon a cold wave force called sphoranee is generated.
By the nearness of pushya to Ruru a force called mahormilaa
in generated. And by the approach of ashwinee towards Jupiter
a force called mandookinee is generated.
These eight forces, shytyodgamaa, sheeta jwaalaa-mukhee,
shytya-damshtraa, sheetarasa-jwaalaa, shytya hemaa, sphoranee,
sheetarasa-ghanaatmikaa, and shytya-mandookinee, by mutual
inter-play according to the seasons, will become six new
Says "Ritukalpa,"--"In spring the differing forces will
be 5, in summer 7. in the rainy season 8, in autumn 3, in
hemanta or cold season 10, and in winter 2.
The 3 forces during autumn are as follows. The planet-star
forces by contact with the sun's rays, assume 3 forms. Sheeta-jwaala,
shytya-damshtraa, and shytyodgamaa, coalesce and become
sheetarasa-vaata shakti. Shytya-rasa-jwaalaa, shytya hymaa,
and sphoranee coalesce and become vaari sheetasheekaraa
shakti. Shytya-ghanarasaa and shytya mandookinee become
Yantra Sarvasva Says,
"To protect the vimaana from the effects of these three
forces the shaktyudgama yantra should be installed.
First with the shytyagraahaka loha or cold-absorbing
metal, protective hoods should be prepared both for the
pilot and for the plane. At the front and tail portion of
the aeroplane cover should be fitted switches for contraction
and expansion. In the front or elbow hinge of the supporting
beam of the covers the two sandhi-keelie should be fitted.
Three tubes should be prepared out of the cold-proof glass,
and should be fitted in front and on either side of the
pilot's cock-pit. Bhraamanee chakra or wheel should be fitted
at the front. When the three shaktis or forces attack the
vimaana, the expansion wheel should be revolved vigorously.
It will first cover the pilots and then cover the entire
plane also. By operating the bhraamanee wheel the attacking
forces will be slowly absorbed, and the shaktis will be
forced through the cold air tubes. By operating the main
switch of the naala tantries, or wires, the forces will
be made to go through the tubes into the outside air, and
vanish therein. The pilot and the vimaana will both be saved
describes the shytya-graahaka loha, or cold absorbing metal
Blue lotus, crowdika or rhinoceros horn or vaaraahi root,
vishwaavasu, crownchika alloy, chandrakaanta or moon-stone,
vaardhyashvaka alloy, varuna tree, 5 kudmalas, simhaasya,
shankhalavaa, and goose-berry, to be purified and in equal
quantities filled in shundaalaka crucible, placed in chanchoomukha
kunda, and with panchaanana bellows heated will yield a
fine cold-capturing alloy.
"Darpana prakarana" describes cold-proof glass: lead,
kapaalee, moonstone, castor, margosa seed, trinaanga or
cus-cus grass, kshaara-traya or natron, salt-petre, and
borax, suvarchalaa or sun-flower?, fine sand, bhaarika,
collyrium or eye-black, kuranga or pallatory root, panchormikaa,
chandrarasa, and shivarika, purified and in equal quantities
filled in simhika crucible, placed in padmaakara furnace,
and with the aid of shoorpodara bellows heated to 300 degrees,
and poured into mould and cooled, will yield an excellent
sheetaghna darpana or cold-proof glass.
Enemies attempt to destroy one's vimaana by missiles
and dambholi and other mechanisms. The pilot should discover
them by means of mukura and other yantras and immediately
change course and avoid the trouble. Therefore the Vakraprasaarana
yantra, or diversion enabling mechanism should be installed
in the vimaana.
Yantra Sarvasva says,
"When there is danger from dambholi and 8 other kinds
of destructive mechanisms contrived by enemies, in order
to escape that danger the vakraprasaarana yantra is prescribed:
Sulphate of iron, sacred peepul gum, and copper 16 parts,
krishnaaguru or black sandalwood 3 parts, zinc 5 parts,
collyrium 1 part, should be purified and mixed and boiled
with 100 degree heat. Aaraara copper alloy will be formed,
goldish and light and hard. A wheel 3 feet wide and 3 feet
high should be made out of it. It should have a pivot, and
be installed in the bottom of the eeshaadanda axle moola
of the vimaana. Four inches thick and of arm's length, with
16 wheels having band-saw toothed edges attached to two
pivots, oil-cleaned, with 3 joints, with oil-cleaned rods
attached to the saw-toothed wheels, with keys; in the middle
should be fixed 2 keys which will eject
smoke, and 2 keys which will shut off smoke. Proper wiring
should connect the several parts. This will enable the vimaana
to zigzag like a serpent, to reverse, and to divert so as
to avoid the danger zone, and get out safely."
In order to provide electric force to all parts of the
vimaana and make them operate smoothly the shakti-panjara-keela
yantra is to be installed.
According to Yantrasarvasva, "As a means of charging
all parts of the vimaana with electric current the shakti-panjara-keela
is prescribed. It is made as follows:
Steel, crownchika alloy, and iron, in the proportion
of 10, 8, and 9, to be powdered and filled in crucible,
and placed in aatapa furnace and heated to 100 degrees and
charged with 10 degrees of electric current, will yield
Shakti-garbha metal with which the yantra is to be made.
A peetha or plank of arm's length and equal height, should
be made out of above metal. In the middle and at either
end of the peetha three pivots with half moon shaped hinges
should be fixed. A flat bar made of copper should be fixed
and tightened with bolts. Pipes with holes are to be made
out of the metal and equipped with rods fixed in the holes,
and connected all round with wires, forming a strong caged
globe. The cage should be fixed at the top of the copper
band. For the rods and wires in the cage to receive electric
current a switch should be duly fixed at the bottom of the
cage. And switches should be provided for all the 32 parts
of the vimaana for electric connection and disconnection.
This enables the plane to career through the sky in any
It is said in Kriyaa-saara, "When the plane is passing
through a region of overhanging clouds, there is possibility
of lightning striking and destroying the plane. As protection
against that the shirah-keelaka yantra should be installed
at the crest of the vimaana."
The Yantra is described in Yantra Sarvasva:
"When there is danger of lightning striking the plane,
the shirah-keelaka yantra is to protect it. Therefore it
is explained below. An umbrella, of the
same size as the top of the vimaana, with ribs and metal
covering should be made out of vishakantha metal. The umbrella
stick, of arm's length, and peetha or stand, circular in
shape, should be made out of the same metal. Then out of
baka-tundila metal three wheeled keelakaas or hinges should
be fixed at the front, back, and middle of the vimaana.
The umbrella rod should be fixed in the middle of two keelakas.
The agnikuthaara crystal with metal cage should be fixed
at the top like a crown. A three wheel switch revolving
key should be fixed by the side of the pilot. Then wires
made of kulishadhwamsa metal should be run from the crystal
to the three wheeled revolving keelaka. In front of it shabda-naala
tube with switch should be fixed. The yantra should be enclosed
in a cover made of suranjikaa glass. When there is anticipatory
thunder in the clouds, the glass covering cracks, and the
tube of the wiring will emit sounds, and the wires will
be severely shaken. When the pilot notices these signs,
he should quickly set in motion the three-wheel keelee,
which will revolve the umbrella with 100 linka speed. Then
the crystal switch should also be turned, where-upon the
crystal will also revolve with intense speed. By the speed
of the revolution of the umbrella, the force of lightning
will be stemmed, and the danger will be passed, leaving
the vimaana and the pilot safe. That is the use of the shirah-keela
In order to tap or discover the sounds in the 8 directions
of the vimaana, wired or wireless, up to 12 krosas or 27
miles, caused by birds or quadrupeds or by men, with 8 mechanisms,
the shabdaakarshana yantra is prescribed to be fixed in
the shoulder of the vimaana. A peetha or foot-plate four-cornered
or round should be made out of bidaala metal, with a pivot
in the centre. On either side should be fitted machines
which will attract any kind of sound and repeat it. With
the soft leather of roruva or grinjinee bird two ball-shaped
domes should be fixed. Between them in a suraghaadarsa vessel
katana-drava acid should be filled and the vessel should
be installed. Above the acid vessel and between the two
globes should be fixed sound spotting rod made of sound
capturing ghantaara metal, fitted with a bunch of wires.
It should be enclosed in a cover made of kwanaka glass.
In the corner three thumb size wheeled knots should be fixed.
From them to the rod fine strong wires should be connected.
Enclosing the wires a karanda or
container made by kwanaadarsa glass, with small holes
should be placed. A vessel made of the same glass, shaped
like a drona or grain measurer, should be placed on top
of it. In the east and west and north and south 4 crystals
named rudantee-ratikaa should be arranged with wires. Above
it shabdaphenaka covering, with small shankus or screws
fixed, should be placed. It should be covered by a covering
made of kwanaadarsa glass, with 8 small holes. Wires starting
from the screws and passing through the holes should reach
the top of the covering. In the centre of it in an inch
size hole simhaasya-danda-naala or tube should be fixed.
In front of it a vaataapaakarshana chakra or wind wheel
with 16 spokes with wires should be fixed. The wheels should
be fixed in all 8 directions. In the simhaasya mukha naala
or lion-faced tube on 8 sides revolving wheels should be
fixed. 8 goblet like vessels made of pure vajeemukha metal
should be fixed. Wires from the 8 holes of the covering
should be placed in them. Similarly from the wind wheel
wires should be connected to 8 screws in the 8 goblets on
the simhaasya. Then from the 8 screws in shabda-phena, wires
should be connected to the crystal in the acid vessel.
By the flow of wind the wheel turns with speedy right
and left motion, and will set in motion the shabda-phena
wheel. Then the wheels on the 8 screws also will turn. Then
the sound detection rod made of sound-capturing ghantaara
metal will be set in motion. Thereupon the two globes made
of roruva-grinjinee skin will attract all sounds clearly
and store inside themselves. By moving the central switch
there the sounds will pass through the simhaasya tube and
enter the dronaasya vessel, and make the sounds clearly
audible to the hearer. The pilot will listen to the voices
and direct the plane away from the vicinity of danger. Hence
the shabdaakarshana yantra is prescribed.
This yantra is in 32 varieties. And it is distinct from
the 32 parts constituting the vimaana.
Of the materials
required for this yantra,--Byndaala Metal, according to
Lohasarvasva, is made as follows:
Zinc, sharkara or quartz powder?, kaanta or steel, mica,
shilaarasa, kamatha or benzoin, dimbhaari, areca-nut, karagrathinee,
copper, virinchi, karna or sal tree, patalee or long blue
cucumber, gumbhalee, dumbholika alloy, kshaara or chloride,
kraantika, simha, panja or momordika, dalinee, mercury,
eye-black powder or surma?, kshonika, veera or red-lead,
thistle, madder-root, mridarutee, brass, iron, these
articles should be powdered, and purified in equal quantities,
filled in shashamoosha crucible, placed in mandooka furnace,
and with five-mouthed bellows heated to 200 degrees and
melted to eye-level, when cast will yield a fine, light,
blue, bydaala alloy.
Rutana acid is explained in "Moolikaarka prakaasikaa"
Yellow thistle, karanda or iron pyrites, wild liquorice,
paarvani or chlorodendrum phlomaides, chanchooli or red
castor, bhantikaa or madder root, kaarambha, vishwesha,
chandikaa or sesbenia grandiflora, amara or Indian turnsole?,
shundaalika, barbaraasya, sowrambha or tooth-ache tree?,
praana-kshaara or ammonium chloride, virinchi, borax, arka
or calotropis gigantia, surubhee or basil, these in the
proportion of 4, 3, 3, 5, 7, 12, 15, 1, 3, 10, 24, 25, 30,
12, 20, 8, purified and filled in vessel and boiled to 108
degrees, will become a fine yellow rutana-draavaka acid.
Ghantaarava metal is explained in Lohatantra:
Bell-metal, aaraara, ruchaka or patron.?, gaaruda or
emerald stone?, shalyakrintana, panchaasya, veerana, rukma
or gold-metal, shukatunda, and sulochana, these 10 metals
purified and powdered in the proportion of 5, 3, 12, 2,
3, 7, 5, 30, 4, 24, should be filled in shukti crucible,
wrapped all round with earth, placed in alaabu shaped furnace,
and boiled to 500 degrees up to eye level, should be poured
into the mould. A fine, light, scarlet metal which will
record all sounds will result.
Kwanadarpana mirror is explained in Darpana Prakarana:
Wild liquorice seeds, red catechu, false catechu, white
catechu, garadaka or a poison, 8 kinds of salt, salyaaka,
vara or sodium chloride, sharkaraa or granite powder, budilaka
salt, jwaalaamukha or wolf's bane?, tundila or kayidonda,
bydaala or arsenic?, shukatunda, ravimukha or magnifying
glass, chancholika or red castor seed, arjuna or tin, luntaaka,
varataala or yellow orpiment?, kuravaka or crimson thorny
amaranth, kambodara, kaamuka or punnaaga or Alxandrian laurel
or pinnay oil tree, these ingredients, after triple cleaning,
are to be filled in padma crucible, placed in padmaakara
furnace, and heated to 900 degrees, and poured in mould,
will yield an excellent kwanadarpana glass.
Rudantee-mani is explained in "Mani Prakarana":
Kshaaratraya or natron, salt-pare, borax, aanjanika or
eye-black powder, kaanta or sun crystal, sajjeeka, vara
or sodium chloride, karna or oxide of arsenic, cowrie shells,
maakshika or iron pyrites, sharkara or granite grains, sphaatika
or alum, kaamsya or bell-metal, mercury, taalakasatva or
yellow orpiment, gyra or marking nut, ruruka, rouchyaka,
kudupa, garada or aconite, panchamukha metal, shingara or
iron dross, and shundolika or great leaved caledium, these
21 articles, purified, and filled in aanika crucible, placed
in shouktika furnace and boiled to 103 degrees, and cast
into maniyantra mould, becomes a fine rudantee crystal.
Ruchika mani also is explained in Maniprakarana:
Sea-foam, chamaree cat's nail and mouth bones, steel,
paarthiva, granite grains, shilaarasa or liquid amber, mercury,
praana-kshaara or ammonium chloride, alum, naaga, cowrie,
maakshika or iron pyrites, shundaala or great-leaved caledium,
rundaka or eagle wood, kudupa, suvarchala or natron, jambaalika,
musk-cat's tooth, or yellow orpiment?, ranjaka, manjishtha
or madder root, paarvani or stag-horn, rukma or gold quartz,
yellow thistle, owl's nails, vara or ammonium chloride,
oyster shell, these ingredients, purified and filled in
equal proportion in nakhamukha crucible, placed in mahodara
furnace and heated with the aid of six-faced bellows to
eye-level, and poured into mould will yield a strong, dark,
heavy rutikaa crystal.
Shabda phena mani is described in "Shabda-Mahodadhi":
"Take badaba sound from the sky, life-giving trait from
water, the fire of air from the atmosphere, the echoing
quality from boulder, the splitting quality from solar-rays,
moss layer, sea-foam, bamboo, conch; manjishtha or madder
root, kusha grass, gribhdnaka, rudra-shalya, gokarna or
sal?, and musali or curculigo orchioides, in the proportion
of 7, 22, 45, 13, 32, 19, 38, 14, 22, 38, 42, 13, 25, 9,
and 23. These purified and boiled will yield shabdaphena."
From moss-layer to musali the ingredients should be purified,
and in the said proportions should be filled in phenaakara
yantra, should be baked for 3 days, and for a week the sankalana
key-wheel of the yantra should be turned in full speed for
half a ghatika daily, when foam will be formed. The foam
should be filled in shakti-sammelana yantra. Then through
the 6 shaktis or powers from praanana to sphotana should
be injected into the foam patiently. On either side of the
yantra switches should turn the mixing or churning wheel
inside the yantra. Then moderate heat should be applied
from praanana to sphotana power infusion. Then keeping it
in the sun, electric power should be applied to the foam
up to 85 degrees. This electric cooking should be done for
6 days. Then carefully extracting the foam from the yantra,
it should be stored in the vaajeemukha metal box. That shabda-phena
would be able to attract and record all kinds of sounds.
Vaajeemukha metal is described in "Lohatantra":
Copper 3 parts, sonamukhee or iron pyrites 2 parts, zinc
8 parts, veera or black metal 2 parts, kaanta or steel 3
parts, bambhaarika 1 part, kamsaarika 3 parts, panchaanana
6 parts, gowreemukha or mica? 2 parts, shundaalaka 6 parts,
these 10 articles to be purified and filled in shundaalaka
crucible, placed in shoorpaasya furnace and heated with
vajraanana bellows and poured in vajraanana yantra and churned
energetically for proper cohesion of the liquid, will yield
vaajeemukha loha of light reddish brown colour.
Pataprasaarana yantra is described in Kriyaasaara:
In order to realise dangers to the vimaana en route,
and shift directions towards safety, pataprasaarana yantra
is prescribed. Says Patakalpa:
"Munja grass, lac, sal, red brinjal, shaambaree or arjuna
tree bark, jute, raajaavarta or sphatikaari or hydrorgirum
sulphuratum, darbha grass, kravyaada or Indian spikenard,
with triple purification, and thrice exposing to soorya-puta
or sun-baking, placing them in the cooking vessel, and baking
for 3 days. Then the product should be filled in kuttinee
yantra, and churned for 3 yaamaas or 3/8 of a day, then
placed in cooking vessel and rebaked for 3 days. Then it
must be poured into patakriyaa yantra or cloth-forming machine
and churned, so as to form an even emulsion, and that will
form a fine artificial cloth. It should then be coloured
with seven colours. It should be rolled round a long pole,
and the pole fixed in thrimukhee-naala yantra, and equipped
with a key should be installed in the shoulder of the vimaana.
When the flag-like contraption shows red indicating danger
ahead the pilot should loose height and reach safety. When
favourable colours are
shown, the pilot should note their significance and move
the vimaana in the favourable direction.
Dishaampati Yantra: says "Kriyaasaara,"
"In its passage in the sky in the eight directions, the
vimaana is likely to meet 15 fierce hurricanes called kowbera
by the effects of the planetary forces With solar rays and
unfavourable seasonal conditions. They will cause baneful
skin effects on the occupants of planes and throat and lung
troubles. To protect against that the Disaampti yantra is
to be installed in the left shoulder of the vimaana."
The yantra is described in "Yantra Prakarana":
"In order to act as antidote to the poisonous effects
of the kowbera winds, F shall describe the disaampati yantra.
A peetha or foot plate, quadrangular or circular, should
be made of paarvanee wood cured three times with requisite
Paarvanee wood is described in "Agatatwa Laharee":
"Parvanee wood is wood which has very close joints as
in sugarcane. It is red coloured, long leaved, decked with
red flowers. It has small thorns, is antidote for snake-poison,
is acrid in taste, and is used in driving away demons and
other evil forces. It blooms in the dark half of the month."
In the centre of the peetha, a tube or pivot made of
the 19th type of glass, with 9 holes, 9 switches, and 9
wires, and of arm's length, should be fixed. Eight kendras
or centres should be spotted in its 8 directions. 8 naalas,
pipes, or tubes, should be made 2 feet long, 6 feet high
and 3 feet wide, and round in the middle. A lotus with 8
petals should be prepared and fixed on the top of the pivot.
The whole should be covered with hare-skin. Manchoolika
linen should cover its mukha or entrance. The wires in the
tubes should be taken to the petals above the lotus and
fixed in the joints.
Manchoolikaa linen is explained in "Pata-pradeepikaa":
Vaasantee or gaertnera racemosa creeper, mrida, ranjikaa
or betel or madder root, ruchikaa or citron or castor, samvartakee
or myrabalan belliriki, phaalgunee or sepistan plum, chanchora
or red castor, arunakaanta
or sun-flower, kudalinee, mandoorika or iron dross, maarikaa
or cubed pepper, lankaari, kapivallaree or elephant pepper,
vishadharaa, samvaalikaa, manjaree or ashoka, rukmaangaa
or cassia fistula, dhundikaa or acacia sirisa, arka or gigantic
swallow wort or madar, garudaa or coculus cordifolious,
gunjaa or wild liquorice, and janjharaa.
Taking the twigs, shoots, leaves, buds, tendrils and
barks of the above ingredients, and putting them in the
baking vessel, they should be well cooked. Then add crowncha
acid and boil again for 3 days. That will produce a soft
white, pure, strong, fine manjoolikaa linen cloth.
Vaatapaa crystal should be placed in it. Amshupaa mirror
should be placed at its front. When the Kowbera whirlwind
contacts solar rays, then the amshupaa mirror will show
a red and blue tinge. Then the keys of the nine tubes should
be turned with great speed. By this a force will be generated
in each tube, and passing to the hare-skin, a strong force
called sammarshtikaa will be generated. The manjoolika cloth
will receive that force and pass it to the lotus petals,
and the petals by means of wires will transmit the force
to vaatapaa crystal. The crystal, will, with the aid of
sammarshtika force, absorb the Kowbera evil wind and throw
it out through the lotus petal tube to merge in the outside
atmosphere, and no harm will be caused to the occupants
of the vimaana. Therefore disaampati yantra should be installed
in the vimaana.
19th type mirror is described in Darpana prakarana:
Uraga-twak or snake-scales, pancha-mukha, vyaaghradanta
or tiger's tooth, sand, salt, mercury, lead, white gum or
shweta-niryaasa, mrittikaa, sphaatika or alum, ruruka, veera
or red lead? mrinala or lotus tendril, ravikarpata, chanchola
or red castor, vaalaja, panchapraanasaara or urinal salt
of man, horse, ass, ox, and sheep, or ammonium chloride,
shashodupa or benzoin shoot. These 18 ingredients in the
proportion of 3, 7, 5, 22, 4, 15, 2, 5, 20, 7, 30, 15, 40,
23, 27, 13, 19, 18, purified thrice, filled in matsya moosha
crucible, placed in nalikaa furnace, and with the aid of
gomukhee bellows boiled to 99th degree, and poured into
the mould, will yield pingala mirror.
"In order to safeguard against the fires generated by
the juxtaposition of planets during its course, the pattikaabhraka
yantra is to be installed in the centre of the vimaana."
It is said in "Yantrasarvasva,"
In the course of its planetary motions, two planets sometimes
get too near each other, when by the conflict of their giant
forces, fires will burst out. They are known as jwaalaamukhee
or flame-tongued, and will destroy the vimaana and those
inside it. As protection against it, pattikaabhraka yantra
should be installed in the vimaana.
The yantra should be made out of the 3rd type of mica
amongst the 3rd group of its classification.
It is said in "Shownakeeya,"
"The names of mica belonging to the 3rd group are shaarada,
pankila, soma, maarjaalika, rakta mukha, and vinaashaka.
The yantra should be made of soma variety."
Somaabhra is described in Loha-tantra:
"It is sky-coloured, fine, strong, absorbent, cure for
eye diseases. Its touch is cooling to the body. It has diamond
content, and is cure for urinal trouble. It exhibits scarlet
lines with whorls. These are the qualities of somaabhraka."
The mica should be purified twice with brinjal and mataa
seed oil and melted, and a pattika two feet wide and of
arm's length high should be fashioned. A koorma peetha or
tortoise-shaped foot-plate 16 inches wide and arm's length
high should be made with vaari vriksha. A shanku or pivot
should be made like the pattika. Revolving wheels with keys
and shoundeerya manis or crystals should be fixed. From
the main, centre wires should be attached to it to the end
of the pattika. On the other side an ivory vessel should
be fixed, and filled with shyvaala acid, and adding mercury
ravichumbaka manis or crystal should be placed in it. The
wires should be connected to the inside of the vessel containing
these things. From the pivot it should be covered with shringinee.
The root of the naala or pivot should be fixed to face the
sky. The mica shanku with five revolving wheel key attachments
should be fixed in the centre of the peetha, and the acid
purified pattika should be fixed on top of it in the centre
of the vimaana covering.
When the jwaalaamukhee erupts from the planetary contact
and reaches the direction of the vimaana, the main switch
of the pivot should be operated, a cold wave will arise
through the wires from the acid vessel, and passing
through the five wheels reach the pattika, and contacting
the jwaalaamukhee force will draw it and push it to the
crystal in the centre of the enclosure, and the crystal
will thrust it through the naala or pipe to the outside
atmosphere where the flame force will get extinguished.
Yantra or Solar heat extracting Yantra:
In order to relieve the excessive cold of the winter
months, the soorya shaktyapakarshana yantra should be installed
on the vimaana.
Says Yantra Sarvasva,
"In order to protect from the cold of the 4 winter months
the solar heat storing machine is now explained. The 27th
kind of mirror capable of capturing solar heat is to be
used in its making."
It is said in Darpana prakarana:
Sphatika or alum, manjula or madder root, sea-foam, sarja
salt or nation, sand, mercury, garada or aconite, kishora
or wild liquorice, gandhaka or sulphur brimstone, karbura
or yellow orpiment, praanakshaara or ammonium chloride,
in the proportion of 12, 1, 5, 1, 13, 12, 8, I0, 27, 4,
3, 7, 8, 5, 1. 5, 8, 3, 9, 2, purified, to be filled in
antarmukha crucible, placing it in shuka-mukha furnace,
and boded. Then pour it into antarmukha yantra or vessel
and turn the churning key. When cooled in the mould a fine,
light, strong, golden. coloured, solar heat collecting glass
will be formed.
From this glass prepare a pattika or plank, 80 inches
long, 20 inches wide, and 1 inch thick. Three spots are
to be marked on it. Two naalas or pipes, of arm's size,
with 10 inch mouth, crescent shaped peetha should be prepared.
Another peetha, 2 feet long, and 6 feet high, should be
prepared. The crescent shaped peetha should be fixed in
it. On its two sides the 2 naalaas should be fixed. Between
them a pivot 88 inches long and 3 inches wide should be
fixed. The other pattika should be fixed on its top. At
its 3 marked spots, lotus shapes with petals made of the
above glass with two faces with goblets on them should be
fixed. The two naalaas or pipes should be filled with shyvaala
or moss acid and shrini acid. Chhaayaamukha crystal should
be placed in them. At the foot of the shanku jyotsnaa acid
should be placed. Cold absorbing wires with key switches
with ball bearings should be fixed in
the jyotsnaa acid. The wires should be taken between
the neighbouring naalas, taken round the two lotus positions
on the sides of the pattika, and then made to surround the
central lotus, and lead on and placed inside the jyotsna
acid. Then the other naala should be made to cover the acid
vessel, and fixed so as to have its opening through the
bottom of the vimaana.
On the approach of winter cold into the vimaana, the
main wheel at the foot of the shanku should be turned at
high speed. That will energise the head wires of the pattika,
making the lotus petals active, and the wind will draw the
cold and pass to the central acid vessel through the wires,
and the acids in the 2 naalas will draw in the cold and
pass to the chaayaamukha mani, which by its own force will
pass the cold force to the jyotsnaadravaka, which will eject
it through the naala to the atmosphere outside for being
dissolved. The vimaana will thus be saved from the cold
force through the soorya-shaktyapakarshana yantra.
prasaarana yantra or poison-gas fume spreading machine:
"When the enemy plane is trying to destroy your vimaana,
Apasmaara dhooma prasaarana yantra should be provided in
the vimaana to combat it."
Yantra Sarvasva Says:
"Apasmaara dhooma prasaarana yantra is prescribed for
protection of vimaana from enemy planes. It should be manufactured
with khoundeera metal only, and not with anything else."
Kshoundeera loha is described in Lohatantra:
8 parts of kshwinka or zinc, 5 parts of mercury, 7 parts
of krowncha alloy, 3 parts of kaanta or steel, 4 parts of
hamsa or metallic silver, 1 part of maadhweeka, and 5 parts
of ruru, these ingredients to be purified and filled in
crucible, placed in chhatreemukha furnace, and with the
acid of surasa bellows heated to 100 degrees heat, and cast
in mould will yield excellent kshoundeera alloy.
Filling this loha in pattikaayantra, applying 300 degree
heat and churning a fine strong pattikaa will be formed.
With that, a shape like bellows, 5 arm's length high, and
3 arm's wide should be formed. It should be provided
with a mukha-naala or nozzle 6 feet in size. Its mouth
should be like that of peshanee yantra. The opening should
be covered and keyed. Three satchels should be attached
at its bottom. In the middle an aavarana or covering with
hare-skin, circular and provided with switch. Smoke or gas
filling switch should be provided at its base. Above it
a choorna paatra or powder vessel should be fixed. The switch
key should be beneath the middle of the vessel. Thus four
bellows should be prepared.
When the enemy plane's attack is expected, the aavaaraka
bhastrika or enveloping bellows should shield the vimaana,
and the 4 bellows should be fixed on the dikpeethaas or
side seats above the aavarana or covering, and electricity
should be applied to the choorna-paatra or powder keg. Immediately
the powder becomes smoke. The bellows' mouth should be opened
and the key turned. The emerging smoke fumes will enter
the 4 small bellows, and from them reach the central kunda
and spread all around and reach the bellows' mouth. Then
on turning that key, the fumes will be emitted from all
the bhastrikaas or bellows, and encompass the enemy plane
and disable its occupants. That plane will be destroyed
and the danger to one's vimaana overcome.
or Halting machine:
When power is generated by conflicting forces in the
water-charged regions, shrieking hurricanes and whirl-winds
will arise and set out in a mad career of destruction. To
safeguard against their onslaughts, the Stambhana yantra
should be installed in the bottom of the vimaana.
Yantra sarvasva says,
In order to protect the plane from the attacks of giant
wind blasts, vimaana stambhana yantra is described as follows:
A peetha, one fourth the size of the vimaana floor, quadrangular,
should be made out of vakratunda metal, three feet in thickness.
In its 8 quarters spots should be marked for fixtures. An
enclosure with openings, revolving toothed wheels made of
the same metal, wheel rods with revolving keys, a metal
band which is to encircle it thrice, toothed wheels, pivots,
and switches and hinges, and three-stranded wire ropes,
should also be of the same metal. In the 8 selected spots
naalaas or pivots with wheels and wiring should be fixed.
Through the naala or pipe at the contraction switch of the
wires should be passed through the other naalas to the
central pivot, and tied at the foot of the revolving wheel.
When the dreaded wind current is observed the switch or
wheel for the contraction or folding of the expanded vimaana
parts should be turned, as also the 8 side wheel turning
switches. That will reduce the speed of the vimaana. Then
the switches of the 8 pivots on the peetha or foot-plate
should be turned. The entire speed of the vimaana will be
extinguished thereby. The wheel at the central pivot of
the peetha should then be turned, so that the vimaana will
be halted completely. Then the switch of the plane-wings
should be turned. The flapping of the wings will produce
winds which will encircle the vimaana and form a globe protecting
it. Then by turning the switch of the brake-rod, the vimaana
becomes motionless. Therefore the Yaana-sthambhana yantra
should be fixed at the bottom centre of the vimaana.
For the purpose of providing fire for passengers to perform
agnihotra or daily fire rituals, and for the purpose of
cooking food, Vyshwaanara naala yantra is to be fitted up
at the navel centre of the vimaana.
To provide fire for travellers in vimaanas, vyshwaanara
naala yantra is now described. A 2 feet long and 12 inches
wide peetha or foot-plate should be made out of naaga metal,
quadrangular or circular in shape. Three kendras or spots
should be marked thereon. Three vessels should be made of
copper and karpara or (black jack?) zinc blended metal.
One vessel should be filled with sulphur-brimstone acid.
Another should be filled with rookshaka bdellium acid, or
croton seed acid? And manjishta or madder root acid should
be filled in another vessel. The three vessels should be
placed on the 3 kendra spots on the peetha.
In the sulphur acid vessel the prajwaalaka mani or flame
producing crystal should be placed. In the rookshaka acid
vessel the dhoomaasya mani or smoke crystal should be placed.
In the manjishtha acid vessel the mahoshnika mani, or heat
producing crystal should be placed.
In the places in the vimaana where kitchens are located,
and where sacred agnihotra fires are needed by passengers,
keelaka sthambhas or pivots should be fixed. The acid vessels
should be connected with power wires from the central pivot.
The wires should be attached to the manis or crystals in
the acid vessels. At the top of the central pole jwaalaamukhee
mani should be fixed in the centre of chumbakee keela with
glass covering. On either side of it sinjeeraka mani and
dridhikaa mani should be fixed. From each mani a wire should
be stretched from the top of the central pole and fixed
at the granthikeela at the foot of the pole. From there
up to the cooking spots and agnihotra spots, a circle should
be formed like a kulya, and metal tubes should be fixed
therein. Wires should be drawn through the tubes to the
fire places and fixed to the kharpara metallic pattikas
First the bhadramushti keelaka should be revolved. The
acid in the vessel will become heated. The heat generated
in the rookshna acid will pass into the manjishtha mani,
and generate smoke in the mahoshnika mani. By the force
of that acid intense heat will be generated. And by the
heat generated in the sulphuric acid vessel flames will
erupt in the prajwaalika mani. The smoke, heat and flames
will pass through the wires to the sinjeeraka, dridhikaa
and jwaalaa-mukhee manis. Then the chumbaka wheel should
be turned vigorously, whereupon the smoke, heat, and flames
will reach the key at the top of the central pole. And on
that keelee being turned, they will reach the central switchboard
keelee at the foot of the pole. When that switch is put
on, the heat and flames will reach the metal bands of the
cooking ovens and religious fire places, and generate fires.
Therefore vyshwaanara naala yantra should be fixed at the
navel centre of vimaana.
We have so far dealt with anga yantras or constituent
machines of the vimaana. We proceed next to deal with Vyoma-yaanas
Varieties of Vimaanas.
tryvidhyam Yugabhedaad Vimaanaanaam. Sootra 1.
according to changing Yugas."
According to the differences in yugas, there are three
different types of planes:
Having dealt with the constituent mechanical parts of
the Vimaana, we shall now deal with the Vimaanas according
to their different classes.
The sootra indicates that there are different types of
planes, and that they are of 3 types.
In the Krita Yuga, Dharma or Righteousness was four-footed,
that is, it was four-square, fully established, all paramount,
and it was adhered to implicitly by men. The men were inherently
noble-born and were possessed of remarkable powers. Without
needing to go through yogic discipline to attain special
powers, or practise mantras which secured extraordinary
results, the men of that yuga, merely by their devotion
to dharma, became Siddhapurushaas or gifted with superhuman
powers. They were virtuous men and men of learning and wisdom.
Going in the sky with the speed of wind by their own volition
was natural to them. The eight super-sensory, and now superhuman,
attainments, known as animaa, mahimaa, garimaa, laghimaa,
praaptih, praakaamya, eeshatwa, and vashitwa, were all possessed
by them. That is, animaa is assumption of infinitesimal
shape; mahimaa is growing into gigantic shape; garimaa is
becoming astonishingly heavy; laghimaa is becoming weightless;
praaptih is securing any desired thing; praakaamyam is becoming
rid of desires; eeshatwa is attaining paramountcy; and vashitwa
is becoming extremely pliant.
|I. Krita yuga--1728000 years.
||II. Threthaa yuga--1296000 years.
|III. Dwaapara yuga--864000 years.
||IV. Kaliyuga--432000 years.
Therefore in Krita Yuga, or first epoch, the ancients
say, there were none of the three classes of Vimaanas.
Krita Yuga passed; and Tretaa Yuga commenced. Dharma
then became limp of one foot. It served with 3 feet only,
and grew gradually less efficient. So men's minds became
dense, and the conception of Vedic truths, and anima and
other super-sensory powers, became scarcer. Therefore, by
the corrosion of Dharma or righteousness, men lost the power
of flying in the sky with the speed of wind.
Perceiving this, God Mahadeva, desiring to confer the
power of understanding the Vedas properly on the Dwijas,
or brahmins, kshatriyas, and vysyas, graciously descended
on earth in the form of Dakshinaamurthy, and through the
instrumentality of Sanaka and other anointed sages, classified
the Veda mantras, and then bestowing his benedictory glance
on the worshipping Munis or ascetics, he blessed them with
the gift of Vedic perception. And then to ensure that they
were properly receptive, he embraced them and entered their
hearts and illuminated their memories. The munis, overwhelmed
by the Divine grace, aglow with horripilation, with voice
choked with emotion, praised the Supreme with shata-rudreeya
and other hymns, and manifested profound devotion.
Pleased with their receptiveness, divine Dakshinaamurthy,
favouring them with a benign glance, and with smile on his
face, said to them, "Till now you have been known as "Munis"
or ascetics. Henceforth, having by my grace attained insight
into the Vedas, you shall be known as "Rishis" or seers.
You will cultivate the Vedic mantras, and practising celibacy,
you will adore the divine Goddess of the Vedas, and winning
her favour, and approaching the Great God Easwara by Yogic
Samadhi, ascertain His mind, and by His and my grace, rising
to the pinnacle of intellectual vision, become adepts in
the meaning and purport of the Vedas; and confirming by
them your own experiences and meditative introspection,
you will create the Dharmashaastras or moral codes, Puranas
and Itihaasas, and physical and material sciences, in conformity
to the truths of the Vedas, for the benefit of mankind.
And for travelling in the sky, propagate the art of manufacturing
Vimaanas, and for attaining wind-speed, evolve Ghutica and
Paadukaa methods through Kalpashaastras or scientific treatises."
Then those munis or seers, enshrining in their hearts
God Mahadeva in the form of Dakshinaamurthy, produced the
Dharmashaastras or ethical codes, epics, chronicles, manuals
on rituals, treatises on the arts and sciences, ritualistic
and sacrificial codes, in conformity to the Vedas, and propagated
them among men. Amongst them it is said that there are six
treatises bearing on the manufacture of Vimaanas produced
by the ancient seers. In them are described three classes
of vimaanas, known as maantrikaas, taantrikaas, and kritakaas,
capable of flying everywhere.
It is said in Vimaana Chandrika,
"I shall indicate the different kinds of vimaanas. In
Tretaa yuga as men were adepts in mantras or potent hymns,
the vimaanas used to be produced by means of maantric knowledge.
In Dwaapara yuga as men had developed considerable tantric
knowledge, vimaanas were manufactured by means of tantric
knowledge. As, both mantra and tantra are deficient in Kaliyuga,
the vimaanas are known as kritaka or artificial. Thus, owing
to changes in dharma during the yugas, the ancient seers
have classified the vimaanas of the 3 yugas as of 3 different
"Vyomayaana Tantra" also says,
"By the influence of mantras in Tretaa, vimaanas are
of maantrika type. Owing to the prevalence of tantras in
Dwaapara, the vimaanas are of taantrika type. Owing to decadence
of both mantra and tantra in Kaliyuga, the vimaanas are
of artificial type." Thus 3 classes of vimaanas are mentioned
in shaastras by ancient seers.
In "Yantra Kalpa" also,
"Vimaanas are classified into mantra and other varieties
by experts according to differences in yugas. They are defined
as maantrika, taantrika, and kritaka."
The same is expressed in "Kheta yaana pradeepika," and
also "Vyoma Yaana Arkaprakaashikaa."
Thus according to shaastras vimaanas are divided into
3 classes, on the basis of differences in the modes of their
Maantrikaaha Pushpakaadi Prabhedena" Sootra 2.
Vimaanas are of Pushpaka and other 25 Varieties."
In the previous sootra vimaanas were specified as of
3 types owing to differences in the 3 yugas. In this sootra
maantrika vimaanas or vimaanas flying by maantrik power
are said to be 25.
Shounaka Sootra says,
Maantrika vimaanas in Tretaayuga are 25. Their names
are pushpaka, ajamukha, bhraajasvat, jyotirmukha, kowshika,
bheeshma, shesha, vajraanga, dyvata, ujvala, kolaahala,
archisha, bhooshnu, somaanka, panchavarna, shanmukha, panchabaana,
mayoora, shankara, tripura, vasuhaara, panchaanana, ambareesha,
trinetra and bherunda.
The vimaanas of Tretaayuga are 32 of the maantrika type.
Their names as given by Maharshi Gowtama are Pushpaka, ajamukha,
bhraaja, swayamjyoti, kowshika, bheeshmaka, shesha, vajraanga,
dyvata, ujvala, kolaahala, archisha, bhooshnu, somaanka,
varnapanchaka, shanmukha, panchabaana, mayoora, shankara
priya, tripura, vasuhaara, panchaanana, ambareesha, trinetra,
and bherunda, etc.
Bhedaat Tantrikaa-shshat-panchaashat." Sootra 3.
Vimaanas are of Bhyrava and other 56 varieties."
In previous sootra the names of maantrika vimaanas were
mentioned: In this sootra the names of taantrika vimaanas
of Dwaapara yuga are mentioned.
In shape, movement and speed there is no difference between
maantrika and taantrika vimaanas. There is however one difference
in taantrika vimaanas, that is, the way in which the shakti
or power at the junction of sky and earth is incorporated.
Lalla also says,
There is only one difference between taantrika vimaanas
and maantrika vimaanas: the adaptation of the power of sky
and earth. In shape, and movement. variations, they are
identical. The taantrika vimaanas are of 56 varieties.
In Shounaka Sootra,
In Dwaapara taantrika vimaanas are 56. Their names are,
bhyrava, nandaka, vatuka, virinchi, vynateya, bherunda,
makaradwaja, shringaataka, ambareesha, sheshaasya, saimtuka,
maatrika, bhraaja, paingala, tittibha, pramatha, bhoorshni,
champaka, drownika, rukmapunkha, bhraamani, kakubha, kaalabhyrava,
jambuka, garudaasya, gajaasya, vasudeva, shoorasena, veerabaahu,
bhusunda, gandaka, shukatunda, kumuda, krownchika, ajagara,
panchadala, chumbuka, dundubhi, ambaraasya, maayooraka,
bheerunalika, kaamapaala, gandarksha, paariyaatra, shakunta,
ravimandana, vyaaghra, mukha, vishnuratha, sowarnika, mruda,
dambholi, brihathkunja, mahaanata, etc.
In Dwaapara yuga taantrika vimaanas are said to be 56.
Their names according to sage Gowtama, are bhyrava, nandaka,
vatuka, virinchika, tumbara, vynateya, bherunda, makaradhwaja,
shringaataka, ambareesha, sheshaasya, symhika, maatruka,
bhraajaka, pyngala, tittibha, pramatha, bhoorshnika, champaka,
drownika, rukmapunkha, bhraamanika, kakubha, kaalabhyirava,
jambuka, gireesha, garudaasya, gajaasya, vasudeva, shoorasena,
veerabaahu, bhusundaka, gandaka, shukatunda, kumuda, krownchika,
ajagara, panchadala, chumbaka, dundubhi, ambaraasya, mayoora,
bheeru, nalikaa, kaamapaala, gandarksha, paariyaatra, shakuntaka,
ravimandana, vyaaghramukha, vishnu ratha, souvarnika, mruda,
dambholee, bruhatkunja, mahaanata.
These 56 are
taantrika vimaanas of Dwaaparayuga.
Panchavimshat Kritakaah." Sootra 4.
and other 25 types of Vimaanas are Kritakaah."
In shape and movements there is no difference in the
vimaanas, except in the matter of the use of mantraas and
tantraas. The kritaka or artificial vimaanas are of 25 varieties.
According to Shownaka sootra
"Tishyay kritaka bhedaah panchavigamshatih! teshaam naamaanyanukramishyaamah:
shakuna sundararukma mandala vakratunda bhadraka ruchaka
vyraaja bhaaskara gajaavarta powshkala virinchi nandaka
kumuda mandara hamsa shukaasya somaka krownchaka padmaka
symhika panchabaana owryaayana pushkara kodandaa iti."
Says "Maanibhadra Kaarikaa":
In Kaliyuga, the kritaka or artificial vimaanas are said
to be 25. Their names are given below as indicated by sage
Gowtama: shakuna, sundara, rukmaka, mandala, vakratunda,
bhadraka, ruchaka, viraajaka, bhaaskara, gajaavarta, powshkala,
viranchika, nandaka, kumuda, mandara, hamsa, shukaasya,
sowmyaka, krownchaka, padmaka, symhika, panchabaana, owryaayana,
pushkara, and kodanda.
Aakaara Rachanaa." Sootra 5.
be built out of Raajaloha."
These 25 kinds of vimaanas are to be made of Raajaloha
In manufacturing artificial aeroplanes the best of metals
are those known as Ooshmapaa or heat-imbibing or heat resisting
metals. Out of them the variety known as Raajaloha or king
of metals is most suited to Shakuna and other vimaanas.
Three kinds of metals, soma, soundaala, and maardweeka,
in the proportion of 3, 8, and 2, adding borax, to be filled
in crucible or smelter, and placed in furnace, and heated
to 272 degrees, and melted thoroughly, and churned, will
result in the alloy Raajaloha.
Vishwambhara also says,
"In the science of metals, for the manufacture of aeroplanes,
16 types of Ooshmapaa or heat-sucking lohas or metals are
the very best. The fourth in that series, is called Raajaloha.
Out of that alone should shakuna vimaana be constructed."
The parts of shakuna vimaana are:
Peetha or floor board; hollow mast; three wheeled keelakas
with holes; 4 heaters, air-suction pipes, water jacket,
oil tank, air heater, chhullee or heater, steam boiler,
vidyud-yantra or electric generator, air propelling yantra,
vaatapaa yantra or air-suction pipe, dikpradarsha dhwaja
or direction indicating banner, shakuna yantra, two wings,
tail portion for helping vimaana to rise, owshmyaka yantra
or engine, kiranaakarshana math or sun-ray attracting bead.
These 28 are parts of Shakuna vimaana.
The construction of the vimaana:
The floor-board or base should be made of levelled Rajaloha
sheet, shaped quadrangular, circular, or cradle shaped.
The weight of the peetha should be one-hundredth of that
of the plane, and its width should be half the height of
the vimaana. In the centre of the peetha the hollow mast
should be fixed with screw joints.
Lalla defines the mast in "Yantra kalpataru". The stambha
or mast should be made of haatakaasya metal and not otherwise.
Haatakaasya metal is described in "Lohatantra": 8 parts
of suvarchala or natron, 16 parts of laghu-kshwinka or light
zinc, 18 parts of lagbu bambhaari, and 100 parts of copper,
filled in smelter, placed in koorma vyaasatika furnace,
and with the aid of mahormi bellows boiled to 307 degrees,
will yield haatakaasya metal.
The height of the peetha should be 80 feet. It should
be 56 feet in length and breadth, 70 feet high on the north
and south sides. The tip should be three-cornered. This
is for shakuna vimaana.
Naalastambha or Hollow Mast:
At the bottom the mast should be of 35 feet diameter
outside, and 30 feet inside. At the middle the mast should
be of 25 feet diameter outside and 20 feet inside. Higher
up it should be of 20 feet diameter outside and 15 feet
diameter inside; The height of the mast should be 80 feet.
It should be made of Raajaloha. In order to fix the mast
in the peetha screw joint should be made. And in order to
adjust the air-speed as required, 6 wheels should be inserted
inside the mast.
Inside the mast at the height of 4 feet above the peetha,
three wheels should be provided, of 15½ feet diameter, with
holes. The wheels above and below should be fixed with bolts,
and unmoving. In order to revolve the middle wheel keys
should be fixed outside on the mast, As there are holes
in the wheels, as two wheels do not move, and as the middle
wheel revolves in a group with the other two wheels, movement
of air is, allowed or stopped by the turning of the key
Similarly at the height of 44 feet above the peetha three
wheels corresponding to those below should be fixed and
The window dome should be of 15½ feet outside circumference.
Its inside should be five feet wide and it should be 2 feet
high. It should be fixed on the top of the mast.
A sun crystal 7 feet round, and 2 feet wide and 2 feet
in height should be fixed so as to crown the window dome.
10 feet above the bottom peetha, on a floor-board 3 inches
thick, three floors or tiers should be built, each 14 feet
high, with 3 inch
floor-boards, the upper two floors being supported by
pillars fixed at 10 feet intervals with screw joints and
strong bolts. In the four corners 4 heating yantras should
be fixed, 10 feet in circumference and 8 feet high. On the
ground floor along the supporting pillars accommodation
for passengers should be provided in the form of individual
On the second floor booths should be constructed to accommodate
the anga-yantras, or the various mechanisms recommended
for the safety of the vimaana. It should be 60 feet wide
and 14 feet high with 3 inch thick ceiling board.
The third floor should be 40 feet wide and 14 feet high.
The partitioning boxes for passengers as well as the
booths of the various machines should be divided off by
railings starting from the hollow mast to the side walls
in all the four directions.
Beneath the ground-floor board a 7 feet high cellar should
be constructed. In it the several necessary yantras should
be located. In the centre is the foot of the hollow mast.
On the four directions from it 4 air pumping machines should
be fixed. In order to stimulate them 4 steam engines also
should be installed. On the two sides of the vimaana two
air expelling machines, and an air heater machine, and 2
machines to keep the heater supplied with air from outside,
should be erected.
In order to enable the wings on either side to spread
and flap, proper hinges and keys should be provided for,
safely fixing them to the sides of the vimaana, and for
enabling them to fold and open easily.
The revolving tractor blades in the front should be duly
fixed to the heating engine with rods so that they could
dispel the wind in front and facilitate the passage of the
The wings are two, one on each side, very strongly fixed
to the vimaana with bolts and hinges. Each wing should be
fixed in a 11 foot scabbard up to 20 feet length, where
it would be 10 feet wide, widening further up to 40 feet
at the end of its 60 feet length, besides its. first 20
feet of scabbard length.
The tail should be 20 feet long, and 3½ feet wide at
the start, and 20 feet wide at the end.
The air-blower and heater:
The length of the air-blower should be 15 feet, and width
3 feet. The naalaas or pipes should be 3 feet wide, and
their outer circumference should be 4 feet. The rods and
hinges and other equipment should be suitably prepared.
The vaatapaa yantra or air blower should be 12 feet long
and 9½ feet wide. Inside it should be covered with circling
wires. A pipe should be fixed inside, for air flow. By the
hot oil fumes from the heated tank, the air becomes heated
and should be passed into the owshmya yantra or heater,
while the cold air from outside should also be let in. Tubes
and fixings should be provided in the yantra. In order to
emit the fumes of the oil flames to the outside, a 6 inches
pipe should be fixed from the yantra to the foot of the
mast. Air blowers should be installed with 10 feet wheels
to pump in fresh cold air from outside.
To the east of the air machine should be placed a light
burner in order to aid combustion of the oil. An electric
generator provided with switches should light the burner.
When the light is off the oil should be kept duly sealed.
A rope should be tied to the tail joint, for the pilot to
manipulate the fluttering of the tail to help the ascent
or descent of the vimaana. Similarly ropes should be tied
to the hinges of the two wings, and passed to the pilot
like reins, so that he might spread them out or close them
Ten feet beneath the passenger floor of the vimaana,
to a height of 2½ feet from the bottom plate there should
be a cellar-like enclosure. The bottom of the vaatanaala
mast should be fixed in its centre with firm screw joints.
In this cellar should be located two oil tanks 15 feet by
9½ feet by 4 feet, with water jackets.
Four bellows of 15 feet by 2½ feet by 6½ feet, should
be provided for storing the air pumped in by the air-blowers,
and letting it out as required.
And underneath, on all the four sides wheels of 7 feet
circumference should be fixed for the movement of the vimaana
on the ground.
is named SHAKUNA VIMAANA.
Next Sundara vimaana will be described. It has got 8
First peetha or ground plate, smoke chimney, 5 gas-engines,
bhujya metal pipe, wind blower, electricity generator, and
four-faced heater, and vimaana nirnaya, or outer cover.
The Peetha or ground plate:
It should be made of Raajaloha metal only. It should
be square or round, and of 100 feet in circumference, or
any other desired size. It should be 8 feet thick. Seven
times the peetha has to be heated with manchuka or madder
root oil. Then spots should be marked in it at 10 feet distance
from each other, totalling 24. The size of each kendra or
centre is 15 feet. In the centre a dhooma-prasaarana or
fume distributing naala or pipe 12 feet high should be erected.
Naalastambha, hollow mast:
The naalastambha should be 56 feet high, and 4 feet in
diametre. For storing gas, at its base, a 8 feet long, circular,
and 4 feet high vessel should be provided. A six feet size
water vessel should be arranged. A 4 feet size oil tank
should be fixed at its centre. At its foot an electric storing
crystal of 1 foot size should be fixed with necessary hinges
The vessel should be filled with 12 parts of dhoomanjana
oil, and 20 parts of shukatundika or bignonia Indica? (egg-plant?)
oil, and 9 parts of kulakee or red-arsenic oil. To conduct
electricity, two wires should be passed through the pipe
and fixed to the crystal. In the middle of the naalastambha
or mast, for the smoke fumes to be restrained or speeded
out, triple wheels with holes should be fixed. In order
to work the wheels from outside, two right turning and left
should be attached outside the pole, and connected to
the wheels inside. Three wires should be drawn inside the
naala and fixed at the foot, the middle, and at the top.
Because it ejects smoke fumes with speed it is called
Hima samvardhaka, soma, and sundaala, in the proportion
of 32, 25, and 38, should be filled in pipe crucible, placed
in chakra-mukha furnace, and with the help of ajaamukha
bellows heated to 712 degrees and properly churned. It will
yield excellent dhooma-garbha alloy. With that alloy the
dhoomodgama yantra should be constructed.
Underneath the centre of the 15 feet long peetha, for
the control of the gas fumes a 10 feet high pipe with right
revolving wheel should be fixed. On its 2 sides, to south
and north, 2 water steam pipes should be erected. At the
foot of the 2 pipes 4 feet long 3 feet high pots should
be formed for containing the fumes. Two pipes shaped like
goblets, 1 foot by 8 feet by 3 feet, should be fixed at
the top of the fume container. A water vessel at its foot,
and an oil-vessel at its centre, and in front of it the
switches of the electric ray crystals, as in the dhooma
prasaarana naala stambha.
On either side of the heat tube, two water jackets should
be placed. A pipe with wires should be taken from the electric
generator and connected to the hinges of the crystals. Electric
current of 80 linkas should be passed to the crystals, whose
motion will cause friction and generate heat of 100 degrees
(kakshyas). Thereby the oil in the vessel will get heated
and boil and emit fumes.
The electric power should then be passed through the
smoke pipe between the two water jackets. By this the water
will be converted into hot steam. The oil fumes should be
filled in the oil fume pipe and the steam in the steam pipe.
Then by operating the switches, both the fumes will fly
up at 500 degree temperature. The switches should restrain
the fumes or pump them out as needed. 40 such yantras should
be prepared and should be fixed on the peetha in groups
the four sides. Then connected with the bases of the
dhooma-naalas, sundaalas or elephant trunks, one foot wide
and 12 feet high should be erected on the four sides, to
enable the vimaana to fly with speed.
described by Lallachaarya:
The sundaala should be installed. for using the oil fumes
and steam fumes for the motion of the vimaana. There are.
varieties of ksheera vrikshaas or milk-trees according to
shaastraas. Vata or banyans, manjoosha or madder root, maatanga
or citron?, panchashaakhee (five branched), shikhaavalee
(crested), taamra sheershnee (copper-crested), brihatkumbhee
(big bellied), mahishee, ksheeravallaree, shona parnee (crimson-leaved),
vajramukhee, and ksheerinee (milky). From these the ooze
or milk should be collected, and in the proportion of 3,
5, 7, 10, 11, 8, 7, 4, 7, 30, 12, filled in a vessel. Then
granthi metal, naaga or lead, vajra, bambhaarika, vynateya,
kanduru, kudapa, and kundalotpala, these in equal parts
should be filled in the vessel in equal proportion to the
milk contents, and boiled with 92 degree heat. Then the
molten liquid should be filled in the milk-cloth machine,
and churned. When cooled and put through the levelling machine,
it will yield a strong, soft, cool, heat proof, and uncuttable
ash-coloured cloth sheet.
This cloth should be boiled in rouhinee taila or oil
of black hellebore for 3 yaamaas or 9 hours, and then washed
with water. Then it should be boiled in atasee or linseed
oil as before. Then it should be kept in ajaa-mootra or
goat's urine for one day and kept in the sun. Then it should
be dried and painted with kanakaanjana paint and dried,
Then the cloth will glow with a golden hue. With this cloth
should be made the shundaala or elephant trunk, 12 feet
high, 1 foot round, and with pipe-like opening inside.
Two mechanisms for rolling it and unrolling it should
be properly attached to it. By the rolling switch the shundaala
will coil round like a snake and remain on the floor. By
the unrolling switch it will uncoil and stand erect like
a raised arm. From the fume generating yantra connecting
links to the shundaala should be provided for the fumes
to pass through it to the outside air. And to attract outside
air into the sundaala a pump-like arrangement should be
provided as in an inflator.
Three switches should be provided as in the water tapping
yantra. By revolution of its wheel the fumes will go out
through the shundaala and 82 linka of fresh air will come
in. The direction in which the fumes will emerge from the
shundaala will be the direction of the course of the vimaana.
The 3 wheels in the shundaala will cause the vimaana to
wheel around or make ascent, or to drop height.
At the foot of each dhoomodgama yantra 2 shundaalas should
be duly fixed. And on the 4 sides of the dhoomaprasaarana-naala-stambha
4 shundaalas should be erected.
In order to protect against the intense heat from fire
and sun inside and outside the vimaana, it should be provided
a covering made of the 6th type of Ooshmapaa loha or heat-proof
metal. At the top and bottom and on the sides keys should
be provided for the movement of the fumes. 40 such dhoomodgama
yantras should be properly fixed in the selected spots of
the peetha with screw fittings. The vimaana will be enabled
to fly smoothly by so doing.
Says Yantra Sarvasva:
There are 32 kinds of yantras for generating electricity,
such as by friction, by heating, by waterfall, by combination,
by solar rays, etc. Out of these, saamyojaka or production
by combination is the one most suitable for vimaanas. Its
manufacture is explained by Sage Agastya in Shaktitantra:
The peetha or foot-plate should be made of saamyojaka
metal, 35 feet in diametre. 5 spots should be marked in
it in a circle, 5 feet in diametre, with a spot in the centre.
Vessels should be prepared for each kendra, 4 feet wide,
2 feet high, shaped like a pot. On each a cylindrical pipe
1 foot wide and 1 foot high, should be fixed. The top of
the cylinder should be 4 feet wide and round.
Then get a Jyotirmukha or flame-faced lion's skin, duly
cleaned, add salt, and placing in the vessel containing
spike-grass acid, boil for 5 yaamas or 15 hours. Then wash
it with cold water. Then take
oils from the seeds of jyothirmukhee, or staff-tree,
momordica charantia, and pot herb, in the proportion of
3, 7, and 16, and mix them in a vessel, add 1/64 part of
salt. The skin should be immersed in this oil and kept for
24 days in solar heat. It will get a scarlet sheen. The
skin should be cut to the size of the top opening of the
vessel cylinder, with 5 openings in it. Cover the cylinder
with the skin with bolts. All the 5 vessels should be similarly
covered, and placed in the 5 selected centres on the peetha.
Then 16 drona measures of asses' urine, 16 linka measures
of mined charcoal, 3 linkas of salt, 2 linkas of snake-poison,
and 2 linkas of copper, should be filled in the vessel on
the eastern side.
Then in the vessel on the western side, 7 vidyudgama
mani or load-stone, 13 praana-kshaara or ammonium chloride,
22 hare-dung, should be filled. and made into a decoction.
Two parts of camel urine should be mixed with one part of
the above. Then 50 linkas of rhinoceros bones, 30 linkas
of sulphur, and 16 linkas of tamarind tree salt, and 28
linkas of steel should be added to that. And 117 tatin-mitra
manis should be placed in the centre of the vessel.
Next the following materials should be filled in the
Eleven parts of oil of apaamaarga or achyranthus aspera
seeds, 32 parts of oil seeds of sarpaasya or mesua ferrea,
40 parts of ayaskaantha or oil of steel, in 83 parts of
elephant's urine, all these to be put in the northern vessel
and mixed together properly. Then add mercury, symhika salt,
and paarvanika or bamboo rice, 30, 20, and 25 palas respectively,
or 120, 80, and 100 tolas. Sun-crystal of the 800th type,
mentioned in Maniprakarana, cleaned in oil, should be put
in the vessel.
Next in the vessel on the southern side, put in grandhika
draavaka or long-pepper decoction, panchamukhee draavaka,
and shveta-punja or white liquorice decoctions, in proportion
of 12, 21, and 16, and mix together, add cows' urine 5 parts
more than the above liquids, 47 parts of jyotirmayookha
root, 28 linkas of kaanta metal, 28th and 10th kind of kudupa
32 parts. 92 jyotirmanis purified in milk should be placed
in it, according to Chaakraayani. This is the southern vessel.
Then in the central vessel electric current should be
stored. That vessel should be made of chapala-graahaka metal
Chapala-graahaka metal is explained in Lohatantra:
Quick-lime, marble stone, lac, sowraashtra earth, glass,
root of the elephant trunk tree, bark of karkata tree, cowries,
cubeb pepper gum, in the proportion of 8, 11, 7, 27, 8,
5, 3, 7, and 12 parts of tankana or borax, to be filled
in urana crucible, placed in kundodara furnace, and with
3 faced bellows, boiled to 427 degrees, will yield, when
poured into the cooler and cooled, chapalagraahaka metal.
The electricity storage vessel should be manufactured
as follows: A foot-plate 5 feet long, 8 feet high, 1 foot
thick, half-moon shaped, should be made of above metal.
The vessel should be shaped like a big pot, with a cylindrical
top. It should have a glass covering. 2 pipes 3 feet wide
6 feet high should be fixed in the vessel in the northern
and southern sides. They should also be covered with glass.
Between the two pipes two wheels with hinges and switches
etc. should be fixed. When the switches are put on or turned,
causing the two wheels to revolve, electricity will flow
from the bottom of the 4 vessels into the two pipes and
ascend. Two tubes, 6 inches long, should be prepared, wound
round with deer skin, tied with silk thread or silk cloth.
The Vajramukhee copper wires cleaned with acids, should
be passed through each tube, and taken to the two pipes
in the vessel and be fixed with glass cups. 8 palas or 32
tolas of mercury should be placed in the energy container
vessel. 391st vidyunmukha mani, wound round with copper
wiring with mixing switch, should also be inserted. Then
taking the wires in the pipes they should be connected with
the wiring of the mani through the kaachakanku hole. In
each of the vessels, excepting the middle one, two churning
rods should be fixed in the centre. The rods should be made
of steel or shakti skandha. They should be 3 feet high and
1 foot thick. Keys should be fixed in them for obverse and
reverse churning. To the east of the churning machine wheels
should be fixed for raising and lowering. An 8 inches high
naala or tube should be fixed. On either side of it should
be fixed 5 wheels of 5 inches height, like the wheel of
the water lifting machine. 2 inches wide flat pattis made
of shakti skandha metal should be passed from the wheels
inside the Aavritta-naala to the keys of the wheels in the
churning yantra. Then revolving wheels should be attached
to the naalas or tubes of the stambha or big pipe. By the
turning of these keys, it will operate like the turning
of the churning
rod back and forth as in churning curds by drawing and
relaxing the rope ends.
Then according to Darpana-shaastra, four vessels, shaped
like the bamboo cylinder used on the pounding mortar, should
he made out of ghrinyaakarshana glass or solar-heat absorbing
glass and fixed on the mouth of the 4 vessels.
The vessel is described by Lallaacharya: 8 inches wide
and 1 foot high, and then 2 feet wide and 6 feet high, and
at the top a 6 feet wide mouth.
25 palas or 100 tolas of bamboo salt, should be put in
it. Then amsupaa mani or solar-ray crystal of the 325th
kind, duly cleaned in acid, should be put in it with rice
salt. Then rice hay should be spread over it tightly, and
facing the sun. The rays from all sides are imbibed by them,
and will enter the vessel daily to 105 degrees' strength.
If kept thus in the sun for 12 days, 1080 linkas of electric
power will be accumulated in each vessel.
In order to store this power in the storage vessel six
inches long steel tubes should connect the bottom of the
vessel with the storage vessel. They should be covered by
deer skin and wound round with silk cloth or yarn. Two copper
wires should be passed through the tubes and connected to
the storage vessel. 100 palas of mercury should be put in
the vessel. And a 391th type of sun crystal duly wired should
be placed in the mercury, and the wires coming from the
tubes should be connected to it.
The well-oiled keys in the 4 vessels should be revolved
with speed, to 200 degrees heat, when the liquids in the
vessels will be boiled by the heat rays. Then the keys should
be hastened up to 2000 degrees. By the liquids in each vessel
800 linkas of electricity will be generated. The power should
be conveyed by the wires in the kaanta metal tubes to the
storage vessel. The crystal will absorb and fill the vessel
with the power. In front of the storage vessel a five feet
long, 3 feet high circular vessel should be installed. It
should be covered all round with the bark of vaari-vriksha.
Always water will be flowing in it. So instead of water,
water skin is indicated. It will give the vessel the effect
of water-immersion. Then in that vessel glass cups containing
the decoction of shikhaavalee or lead-wort? or achyranthes
aspera?, 18 parts of ayaskaanta or loadstone? or steel acid?,
and 12 parts of vajrachumbaka acid, should be placed. Then
power should be drawn from the storage vessel through the
wires inside the glass-covered tube, and 4 wires with glass
wheel key be let into the acid vessels. Then from the bottom
of the vessels 2 wires fitted with keys should be taken
in a right circle to the front of the smoke-outlet stambha
or pipe, and attached to the wires inside the bhujyu metal
tube. The wires should also be connected to the keys of
the electric friction crystals in the dhoomodgama stambha
or pillar, as also to the key in the stambha. Thereby electricity
will be spread in all parts of the vimaana. Therefore the
vidyud-yantra or electrical machine should be installed
in the left side of the vimaana.
In order to enable the vimaana to ascend, vaataprasaarana
yantra is necessary.
Therefore it is now being described. It should be made
out of vaatamitra metal only.
Lohatantra describes vaatamitra loha. 13 parts of rasaanjanika
or extract of Indian berbery, 27 parts of prabhanjana, and
37 parts of paraankusha, should be filled in sarpaasya or
serpent-faced crucible, placed in chakramukha furnace, and
with the aid of vaaranaasya bhastrika or bellows, heated
to 216 degrees. Then filled in the sameekarana yantra or
churner, and next poured out and cooled, it will yield vaatamitra
loha, or air-companion metal.
First the foot plate, then the naala-stambha or tubular
pole, air pumping wheel with keys, air attracting bellows-like
mechanism, and mechanism for contracting and expanding the
mouth, out-flow and inflow tubes with keys, covering for
the yantras, wind pipes, vaatodgama
pipe, bhastrikonmukha, vaatapoorakeelakas, vaata nirasana
pankha keelaakas, or air-expelling fan keys, these 12 are
the organs of the yantra.
or foot plate.
The peetha should be 6 feet long, 1 foot thick, square
or round, with two spots on the northern and southern side
of it for erecting three-wheeled tubular poles.
The 3 wheeled naala stambha is described in "Yaana bindu":
Three feet long and 8 feet high tubular poles should
be fixed on 2 sides of the peetha or foot-plate. At the
foot and the middle and the top of the pole three openings
should be provided for fixing 3 wheels.
In the pole should be fixed tubes, one foot wide and
2 feet long, for drawing in air, and wheels 1 foot wide
with teeth as in hack-saw, revolving both ways, be fitted
to the tubes. The vaata-pooraka or air-filling naala should
be fixed in the middle of the wheel. By turning the fly
wheel, the wheel will turn, making the naala move up and
down sucking in air. The air pumping wheel keys should be
thus fixed in the two poles. The keys at the mouth of the
bellows should be connected to these keys.
Taking pig-skin, duly cleaning it with putrajeevi or
wild olive oil, boil it for 3 days, wash it with clean water.
Smear it with gajadantika oil frequently exposing to sun
for 5 days, and fashion out of it a 6 foot bellows, three
feet wide at bottom, 4 feet wide in the middle, and 1 foot
wide at the mouth. Two keys working conversely to each other
should be fixed at the mouth. A stick should be inserted
between them. The two keys should be capable of being put
into quick motion, or left at rest. By turning the keelakas
the piston rod is moved, and from its speed, the bellows'
mouth also will start in motion, and also the vaataakarshana
naala. By putting the naala at the mouth of the bhastrika
or bellows, quick air entry from inside the mouth will occur.
By starting all the keelakaas in all the centres there will
be airflow in the three wheel tubular stambhas. By turning
keelakas with 20 heat-degree force, in the naala stambhas
air will rush out with 100 shaker speed. From the bellows'
mouth also air will blow with 2000 prenkhana or shaker speed.
And these air flows will speed the motion of the vimaana.
Therefore in front of the vaatodgama yantra 12 such yantras
should be installed on the four sides, 3 on each side. And
aavarana or covering should be provided for them according
to their measurements. And 12 naala stambhas, 3 feet wide
and 12 feet high, should be prepared, and fixed on the top
covering of the yantras, for the air to flow out. From each
stambha air will blow with 2600 prenkhana speed. The yantras
are individually prescribed so that some may rest when not
required. The high flight will be helped by these machines.
Having thus described the individual sources of air supply
for the vimaana, we shall now describe the Brihat-stambha
or main mast.
It should be 4 feet wide and 30 feet high, and called
vaatodgama naala stambha. It should be erected centrally
amidst all the yantras. The bhastrikonmukha yantras should
be fixed at the foot of the stambha so that the air flows
from the yantras could pass into the stambha. The wind-naalaas
or pipes should be connected to the stambha-moola fitted
with keys. At the opening of the naala-stambha at the top
on the 8 inch wide opening a vessel one foot high and 3
feet wide should be fixed. The wind from the stambha or
tunnel will pass out through it in wavy billows. The dhoomodgama
yantra or smoke pipe should, be provided with triple keys
or fixtures, for the expulsion of smoke. and blowing in
of air. By operating those keelakas the supply of smoke
and air could be controlled according to need. Wind expelling
fan wheels should be put in, so that by their quick motion
the motion of the vimaana could be facilitated.
Covering the dhoomodgama yantras and kudyaas or side
walls, as in the case of the Shakuna Vimaana, the covering
of the Sundara vimaana should be done by raajaloha only.
The covering should accommodate the number of partitions
or booths required as in Shakuna Vimaana. The location of
the 32 component yantras should be determined.
continues] In the centre of the booths for
locating the four-faced heat machinery, a thirty feet square
area should be set apart.. There the four-faced heat yantra
should be erected.
The chaatur-mukha owshnya yantra should be made out of
kundodara metal only. Kundodara metal is defined in Lohasarvasva.
Soma, Kanchuka, and shundaala metals in the proportion
of 30, 45, and 20 to be taken, cleaned and filled in padma
crucible, placed in chhatramukha furnace, and with vaasukee
bellows heated to 716 degrees, aa-netraanta, and poured
into the yantra for cooling. A blue, fine, light, alloy,
capable of bearing 2000 degree heat, and which cannot be
blasted even by shataghnee and sahasraghnee canons, and
very cold, is kundodara alloy. With this alloy the owshnyaka
yantra should be fashioned.
or parts of the Machine.
Peetha or foot-plate, smoke container kunda or vessel,
water container, fire oven, turret covering, covering of
water container, twin wheels for projecting and restraining
smoke, window rods, padmachakras or wheels, aavritta chakra
keela, heat indicator, speedometer, time clock, ravaprasaarana
keelaka naala or sound transmitting instrument, antardandaaghaata
naala, air-bellows, long sundaala pipes, twin copper pipes,
air dividing wheel keys, these 18 parts constitute the ooshmyaka
The peetha, tortoise-shaped, should be 25 feet long and
wide. At peethaadi or starting end should be fixed the agni-kosha
or fire place, the water vessel in the middle, and the smoke-container
should be fixed at the other end.
The 3 koshaas are explained by Budila:
Ravi or copper, manchoulika, and tigma in equal parts
should be mixed with kundodara metal, and be made into 3
inches thick pattika or flats. One pattika should be fixed
on the peetha. In the fire place, kendra on the peetha a
4 feet long 6 feet high fire-place should be made. For stocking
coal or wooden billets, a sort of walled table should be
formed. Next a triangular fire-place should be formed,
with rods at the bottom for the ashes to fall down. In
between the 2 parts the flat sheet should be fixed, fitted
with keelakas or hinges for moving the peetha as desired.
Three keelakas should be fixed at the fire place, one to
fan the flames and straighten them, one to moderate or stimulate
the flames, and one to distribute the flames evenly. A naala
or pipe should be fixed on the fire kosa. Another pipe with
wiring, is to be fixed at the end of the fire-kosa pattika
with a smoke transmitting pipe which will convey the smoke
of the fire-place to the jalakosa or water container. From
the fire kosa to the covering of the water kosa water pipes
should be adjusted. In the water kosa enclosure the heat
will rise to 5000 linkas in these tubes. The heated water
will then give out hot smoke.
The size of the jalakosa or water container is 8 feet.
Three triple-wheeled naalas or pipes should be fixed in
the jalakosa: one to restrain the heated smoke from the
water, one to amass the smoke, and one to lead the smoke
into the dhoomakosa or smoke-container. The Dhoomakosa should
be 6 feet wide and 4 feet high. In order to fill the kosha
with smoke, necessary fittings should be provided. Above
the jalakosa a dome-like covering should be erected. It
should be provided with fittings, for folding up and opening
out. To the front of the smoke container, two pattikaa wheels
with holes should be fixed in order to let out the smoke
or to restrain it. In order to operate the wheels two bhraamanee
keelakaas or revolving switches should be provided. To the
east of the Dhooma-kunda, 8 inches long window bars should
be fixed with one inch spacings. Then in front of the yantra,
in the middle, at top, at bottom, and on both sides, twin
padmachakra keelakas should be fixed for spreading the smoke
or restraining it. For storing the wood or coal a hole 11
feet wide should be arranged. The door covering it should
be provided with needful fittings. To the north and south
of the keelaka the heat-measure and speedometer should be
fixed. Above them the timepiece. To the south, a telephonic
device called ravaprasaarana or sound ringer, which will
give alarm with 1212 sound wave speed, and which gives warnings
for the plane's moving, halting, speeding, overspeeding,
and danger imminence. An equipment with 5 holes giving 5
different sounds to indicate the above should be installed.
On either side of the above, two 6 inches wide, 26 feet
tall, Aaghaatha-naalas or pipes should be fixed. Between
them two 5 inches thick metal rods are to be adjusted. At
the foot, middle, and top of the naalas revolving
wheel keelakas should be fitted. By their revolving,
the rods will strike each other. That will increase the
speed of the plane. On the top of the naala pipes, air bellows
with fittings should be fixed. Thereby the air force in
the naalas will shoot up, and the speed of the vimaana will
double. Then on the four sides of the heated smoke kosha
or container, shundaalas or elephant-trunk-like pipes should
be fixed with wheeled keys as in vaatodgama yantra. By filling
the shundaalas with the smoke and turning the keys as required,
the movement of the vimaana in one direction or another,
its gaining height and speeding out or halting, will be
facilitated. Keys should be adjusted so as to make the shundaalas
coil down like a water hose or keep erect. Two pipes made
of 3rd division copper should he wound round the agnikosa,
water kosa, and smoke kosa, or fire, water and smoke koshas,
in order to absorb the excessive heat in them.
In order to part the wind in front of the vimaana, vaata-vibhajana
chakra keela or wind-dividing-wheel fittings should be fixed.
Having thus prepared the chaaturmukhoshmyaka yantra,
or four-faced heating machine, it should be installed in
the centre of the vimaana. By the air, smoke, and heat of
the yantras below, the ascent and flight of the vimaana
will be facilitated.
Regarding the speed of the vimaana, we have to consider
the speed of smoke and other accessories mathematically,
and conclude the possibility of the speed of the vimaana.
The speed of the smoke from dhooma yantra is 2113 linkas.
The speed of wind from the air blowing machine 2500 linkas.
Wind from the naala-stambha blows at the speed of 600 linkas.
This is the speed of the forces from the 3 machines on the
peetha. Of the forces from the upper portion of the vimaana,
from the chatur-mukhoshmyaka yantra, heat force of 3400
linkas emanates. By the four-faced heat yantra, and by operating
the keys of the shundaalas, and the force of the wind, smoke
and heat machines, the vimaana would be capable of a speed
of 400 yojanas or 3600 miles.
This is Sundara Vimaana, and it has been described after
consulting ancient works, and according to my humble capacity,
says Maharshi Bharadwaaja.
Next the principles
of Rukma Vimaana.
This vimaana is of golden colour. Therefore it is called
Rukma vimaana, Rukma meaning gold. The Rukma should be made
out of Raajaloha only. By duly processing, Raajaloha can
be made to assume golden colour. That metal should be used
for the vimaana.
"After first producing golden colour for Raajaloha, the
vimaana should be formed."
"Varna-sarvasva" mentions the colouring process:
Praana-kshaara or ammonium chloride 4 parts, wild Bengal
gram 32 parts, shashakanda (or lodhra?) benzoin? 18 parts,
naaga or lead 20 parts, sea-foam 16 parts, maakshika or
iron pyrites 6 parts, panchaanana or iron 20 parts, paara
or mercury 15 parts, kshaara-traya or 3 kinds of salt: natron,
salt-petre, borax, 28 parts, panchaanana or mica 20 parts,
hamsa or silver 17 parts, garada or aconite 8 parts, and
panchaamrita or 5 sweets--curds, milk, ghee, sugar, honey,
these should be filled in the melter, and after boiling,
and drawing the liquid through two outlets, fill in the
crucible and place in furnace, and blow to 800 degrees'
heat, and then transfer it to the cooler.
That will be Raajaloha, pure, golden-coloured, tensile,
and mild. The vimaana, made out of this loha or alloy, will
be very beautiful and delightful.
The peetha or ground plate of the Rukma vimaana should
be tortoise-shaped, 1000 feet long, and 1 foot thick, or
any other desired
size. On its eight sides, 20 feet long spaces should
be fixed underneath the peetha. At each centre fixtures
like birds' beaks should be attached with revolving keelakas.
Then double iron-balls or wheels, in couples, should be
fixed in each of the 8 centres.
Lalla gives the form of ayaschakra-pinda:
12 feet long and wide, and 8 kankushtas in weight, they
should be made round like a grind-stone. They should be
inserted in the beaks at the 8 centres. From each chakra-pinda
up to the electrical generator chain wires should be connected
One foot wide and 4 feet high poles should be fixed.
They should have switches wired up to the electric pole.
8 inches wide wheels should be fixed in the middle of the
pole, on either side, with wires. From the electric pole
chain wires should enclose the wheels and be fixed in another
pole with inside hinges. On the top of the poles should
be fixed goblet shaped cups with button-switches like half-blooms
with wheels and keys, so that on pressing the button with
the thumb the wheels in the other pole will revolve from
electric contact. Then the wheels in the electric pole will
also revolve, producing 5000 linkas of speed.
Due to this electrical force, the ayah-pinda wheels beneath
the peetha will beat against it and make it rise and move
upwards. And by moving the switches of the wheeled poles
above the peetha, the poles will revolve with speed, and
accelerate the speed of the vimaana. By the concussion of
the wheels underneath, and the action of the poles above,
the vimaana will move upwards and gain height and fly with
Electric tube wheels aiding flight:
Above the peetha, naalas or tubes should be fixed at
1 foot intervals. On both sides of each naala toothed wheels
2 feet wide and 1 foot high should be fixed with proper
keelakas. Taking electric wires through
the keelakas, and passing over the wheels and reaching
the foot of each naala, they should be attached to wheels
3 feet wide and 3 feet high. In the midst of 20 naalas a
pole should be fixed in the centre.
Preparing a pillar 4 feet wide and 4 feet high, and making
a 2 feet opening in its middle, fix keelakas at the top,
middle, and lower end of the opening. Two keelakas with
6 wheels, with glass coverings, with wires, and naala and
leather covering should be fixed at the lower end for attracting
electricity. In the middle part of the opening, for transmitting
the current, a five-faced keelaka should be fixed, with
5 wheels, glass covering, 2 naala tubes, two wires, attached
to 3 rods, and vessel containing veginee oil. By the flow
of the current the wheels in the upper end should be made
to whirl by properly adjusting keys. In front of the opening
a big wheel should be fixed with gumbha keelakas. Similarly
wheels should be fixed at the foot of each pillar. On top
of them a four inch wide pattika or flat band should be
adjusted commencing from the samsarga key chakra up to the
front of the electric yantra. By operating that key, power
will flow through the wires, and entering the key at the
foot of the pillar set the wheels in motion. On the motion
of the big wheel the sandhi-wheels in the naala-dandas will
also revolve with speed, and the current will enter the
5 faced keelaka, and entering the oil vessel it will gather
force, and passing through the 2 naalas, set all the wheels
in the pillar in forceful motion, generating 25000 linkas
speed, which will give the vimaana 105 krosa or nearly 250
miles speed per ghatika, or 24 minutes.
Having dealt with the mechanism for setting the vimaana
in motion, we now consider the mechanism for giving direction
to the vimaana in its course. In the 8 diks or directions
of the peetha, pillars made of mica and shining like panchakantha,
2 feet thick and 15 feet high should be fixed at intervals
of 10 feet. On the pillars should be built the passenger
seating arrangements, and booths or locations for the machinery,
as in the case of the Sundara Vimaana. The pillars should
be made of mica only.
Its production is given in Kriyaasaara:
Shaara-graava or lime 25 parts, kshwinkaasatva or iron-sulphate
30 parts, gunja or wild-liquorice 28 parts, tankana or borax
roudree moola 8 parts, chaandree or kantakaari....solanum
xanthocarpum flower salt 2 part, purified shoonya or mica
100 parts,, to be filled in koorma crucible, and heated
in paadma furnace with blower to 800 degrees, and then poured
into the cooler, will yield mica alloy most useful and attractive.
Fashioning the pillars or walls or partitions and booths,
and fixing the mechanisms for turning, circling, diving,
and manoeuvring, in the fore and middle and aft of the vimaana,
it could be moved in any direction as desired.
In order to make the vimaana change its course from one
path to another or one direction to another, revolving keelakas
should be fixed on the eight sides of the vimaana. Two keelakas
should be made, purva and apara, or right side and left
side. They should be fitted together.
By operating it, the vimaana could be made to change
its course one way or another. In order to operate the keelaka,
at the peetha moola, on the 4 sides crescent shaped naalaas
or tubes, 2 feet wide and 2 feet high should be fixed. 4
inches long metal rods should be fixed inside the naalaas
on either side. One foot wide and 1 foot high wheels should
be fixed in them. They should be wired all around. Such
crescent naalas should be fixed on the 4 sides of the peetha.
In order to set the wheels in the naalas in motion big wheels
should be fixed at the beginning, middle, and end of the
naalas. By turning the top wheel with speed the wheels inside
the naalas will revolve. That will force the keela-shankus
to twist round so as to force the vimaana to change its
course in the required direction.
Having explained the vimaanas commencing from Shakuna
to Simhikaa, Tripura vimaana will now be dealt with.
This vimaana has 3 enclosures, or aavaranas or tiers.
Each aavarana is called "Pura." As it consists of 3 aavaranas
it is called "Tripura" vimaana. It is operated by the motive
power generated by solar rays.
Narayana also says:
The vimaana which naturally can travel on land, sea,
and in the sky by alteration of its structure is called
It has got 3 parts. The first part can travel on land.
The second part can travel under and over water. The 3rd
part travels in the sky. By uniting the 3 parts by means
of keelakas, the plane can be made to travel in the sky.
The plane is divisible into 3 parts so that it might travel
on land, sea, or air. The construction of the 1st part is
now explained. Tripura vimaana should be made out of Trinetra
Trinetra loha is explained by Shaakataayana:
Jyotishmatee loha 10 parts, kaanta-mitra 8 parts, vajramukha
loha 16 parts, these 3 to be filled in crucible, then adding
tankana or borax 5 parts, trynika 7 parts, shrapanikaa 11
parts, maandalika 5 parts, ruchaka or natron 3 parts, mercury
3 parts, then filled in crucible in padmamukha furnace and
heated to 631 degrees with trimukhee bellows, the resulting
liquid, if poured into cooler, will yield a metal, shining
like peacock feather, unburnable, unbreakable, weightless,
impregnable by water, fire, air and heat, and indestructible.
With that metal the peetha should be prepared, of any
desired size. The following is given as an example. It may
be 100 feet wide
and 3 feet thick, round or square. Leaving 20 feet on
the western side, at intervals of 10 feet 80 spots should
be marked for wheeled boats. 80 feet long, 3 feet wide,
5 feet high boat shaped dronies or containers should be
fixed on the marked lines. Three feet wide openings should
be made in the top of the dronies, so as to raise the wheel
inside them quickly and cover them underneath. There should
be fittings which enable the wheels to be lowered on land,
and raised and covered underneath when going in water. The
wheels should have axle rods with fittings to attract electric
power. The axle rods should be 2½ feet long and 1 foot thick.
The wheels should be 3 feet wide and 1 foot thick, have,
5, 6, or 7 spokes, fixed in the rims, and covered with musheeka
up to 4 inches from the edge. Holes with glass coverings
should be made in all the wheels. These 12 wheels, or 8,
or 6, or 4, should be fixed inside the boat-like structure.
For transmitting power wires made of somakaanta loha should
be fixed in the holes made in the wheels. In the middle
of each wheel electric aaghaata keelakaas should be fixed,
and in them chhidraprasaarana keelakas. Over all the chakradronee
boats, copper wire pairs should be fixed on both sides,
and in the joints of the wheels. Rods should be attached
to the wires so that power could be drawn from the wires
and passed to the top of the wheels. And power should be
passed to the wires underneath the wheels. In climbing hills,
and going down slopes, by adjusting the power at the top
or the bottom of the wheels, smooth progress is made possible.
By adjusting the necessary keelakas it is possible to accelerate
the speed, or in going down, to restrain the flow of the
current, and put brake on excess speed.
For attracting power from the generator a naala or pipe
with wires should be fixed at the front of the peetha through
5 faced wheel keelakas, and the wires should be connected
to the fittings at the top and bottom of the wheels, with
In order to put covering over the boat formations, pillars
should be fixed between each boat line, and covered with
mica sheets, as per architectural rules.
pure mica alone"
should be made out of pure mica alone.
Mica is described in "Dhatu sarvasva ". There are four
kinds of mica, white mica, red mica, yellow mica, and black
mica. The white mica has 16 varieties. Red mica has 12 varieties.
The yellow mica has 7 varieties. And the black mica has
15 varieties. Thus there are 50 varieties in all.
Shownakeeya also says:
We shall now describe the nature of abhraka or mica.
They are of 4 castes, like brahmin, kshatriya, vysya, and
sudra. They are of 50 varieties. The brahmin mica has 16
varieties. The kshatriya mica has 12 varieties. The vysya
mica has 7 varieties. And the sudra mica has 15 varieties,
totalling 50 in all. Their names are as follows. The brahmin
mica varieties are ravi, ambara, bhraajaka, rochishmaka,
pundareeka, virinchika, vajragarbha, koshambara, sowvarchala,
somaka, amritanetra, shytyamukba, kuranda, rudraasya, panchodara
and rukmagarbha. The kshatriya varieties are shundeeraka,
shambara, rekhaasya, owdumbara, bhadraka, panchaasya, amshumukha,
raktanetra, manigarbha, rohinika, somaamshaka, and kourmika.
The vysya varieties are krishnamukha, shyaamarekha, garalakosha,
panchadhaara, ambareeshaka, manigarbha, and krownchaasya.
The shoodra varieties are gomukha, kanduraka, showndika,
mugdhaasya, vishagarbha, mandooka, thailagarbha, rekhaasya,
parvanika, raakaamsuka, praanada, drownika, raktabandhaka,
Out of these, pundareeka from the 1st class, rohinika
from the second, panchadhaara from the third, and drownika
from the 4th class are good for use in constructing the
vimaana. These should first be purified as per rules.
The process of purification is given in "Samskaara Ratnaakara":
skandhaaraka or salt of roitleria tinctoria?, shaaranika
or rubus salt?, pinjulee or yellow orpiment?, cowries, borax,
kaakajanghaa or wild
liquorice?, moss, rowdrikaa, salt-petre, douvaarika,
shambara or benzoin, and phosphorus. These should be separately
filled in the smelter. The decoctions should be filled in
glass vessels. The mica is to be purified with each one
The mica is to be powdered, put in skandhaavaara acid
in smelting vessel. It should be boiled for 3 days in fire,
and for 3 days in electric heat. Then take the liquid and
put it in a bronze vessel, pour in shaaranika acid and keep
it in sun for 3 days. Then add pinjulee acid and keep buried
in earth for 5 days. Afterwards add cowri acid, and boil
in bhoodhara yantra for one day. Then add mustard, and adding
borax acid and burning arjuna, myrabolan wood, place it
in brown-barked acacia cinders for 3 days. Then add wild
liquorice acid and expose it to the full moon rays on the
14th and 15 days. The mica is to be then taken out and washed
in hot water. Then add wild corn, and pouring in moss acid
place it under earth for 6 days. Then take out the mica,
add roudri acid, place the vessel in a big fire-place, and
burn in 64 feet of dried cowdung. Next taking out the mica
put it in sesamum oil for 1½ days, and expose to the sun
from morning to sundown. Then take out the mica, wash it
clean, put in bronze vessel with salt-petre solution with
dattoori or yellow thistle seeds, place it in a heap of
burning kundalee or mollugo stricta leaves. Then take out
the mica, add dourvaarika acid and bake for a day with hay-fire.
Then put the mica in benzoin acid for 3 days. Next add one-fourth
as much of camphor, and placing it in the churning machine,
churn for a day. Then placing it in Simhaasya crucible cook
with boiling water. Add ranjaka or phosphorus acid, 3 palas
or 12 tolas of tankana or borax, 12 tolas of lime, 4 tolas
of soorana root or tacca, karkotaka 20 tolas, vrishala or
onion 28 tolas, koorma-tankanaka 8 palas or 32 tolas, rouhinaka
or red sandal 40 tolas, shambara 80 tolas, muchukunda 12
tolas. These cleaned and filled in the crucible, and placed
in simhamukha furnace filled with charcoal, and melted with
800 degrees heat will yield a metal shining like a precious
stone, very light, unbreakable, unburnable and indestructible.
With that the
vimaana is to be constructed.
We shall now consider the parts of the vimaana: 2 feet
thick and 3 feet high pillars, painted in different colours
and adorned with
pictures, should be prepared, and 80 of them should be
fixed in the spaces between the boats. On the pillars 10
feet wide pattikas or sheets, and of the same length as
the boats, should be fitted with screws, and two-faced hinges.
In order to accommodate crew and passengers of the vimaana,
and store luggage, rooms and partitions should be constructed
with decorations. In order to provide secrecy, doors should
be provided as also ventilators. Revolving wheels with necessary
fittings and switches should be fixed so that by putting
on a switch the rooms would revolve. Wheels should be fixed
in the lanes between the boats. Air-pipes with wheels should
be fixed. In order to ensure supply of air, tubes with wheels,
and bellows with wide mouths, leaving 20 junctional centres,
should be fixed. In the front, two faced tubular wheels
should be fixed to dispel the air downwards or upwards or
side ways, at 30 feet intervals from the aavrutta or enclosed
pradesha of the vimaana. At the bottom of the vimaana metal
balls with chain-wirings should be fixed for operations
in the course of flight.
The 1st floor will be 7 feet high, with the roofing duly
fixed with nalikaa-keelakas with 10 feet intervals. With
20 feet interval in the middle, wires with beaked ends should
be attached to each keela. The fittings should be such as
to enable opening and shutting like an umbrella. The cloth
covering like a tent top should cover the entire floor.
The second aavarana should be made of trinetra metal.
Having described the first floor above, now the second
floor is being described. The second floor should be slightly
smaller than the first floor. If the first floor is 100
feet wide, the second should be 80 feet wide. The floor
should be 80 feet wide, and 3 feet thick, and made of trinetra
metal. Its fittings should be like those on the first floor,
and be duly connected with electric wiring from the generator.
In order to take the vimaana through water, first the
wheels at the bottom used for land route should be drawn
up, and in order to prevent water coming up, the bottom
should be completely covered up with ksheeree-pata or milk
cloth. Four inches thick metal rods, 12 inches long, to
which wheels 1 foot wide and ½ foot thick, and shaped like
frog claws, are fixed, should be adjusted on both sides
of the dronee or boat lines. Similarly in the front portion
of the vimaana, on both sides two such wheeled rods should
be fixed in order to divert water, By switching on power
the main wheels will revolve, making all the wheels revolve,
and expelling water, and aiding the progress of the vimaana
For the supply of air inside, on the sides of the 2nd
floor, should be fixed, air pipes 6 inches wide and made
of ksheeree pata or milk cloth, cleaned with acid, from
the partitions in the 1st floor upto the top of the vimaana,
their tops being covered with revolving metal covers, with
air sucking pumps worked by power. The air so pumped into
the pipes will fill both the second and 1st floors, and
provide air comfort for the crew and passengers of the vimaana.
Above the roofing of the two floors all round, spreading
out and closing up keelakas should be fixed. So as to separate
the floors, foldable chain fittings should be fixed at 10
feet intervals. Wires from the electrical generator should
be connected to the fittings, so that by their operation
the floors will be separated, and the separated floors simultaneously
move on land and in the air.
In the 2nd floor also cabins, partitions and seating
and doors and windows should be constructed as attractively
as in the first floor. The enclosing walls of the floor
should be 7 feet high from its peetha, and half a foot thick.
In order to draw electric current from the third floor two
poles should be erected in the back room with transmitter
from which wires will pass the current to the various fixtures
on the floor.
At the front of the vimaana a mast should be erected.
At its foot two bells made of bronze should be fixed in
order to indicate time to the crew and passengers. In every
room on the floor alarm
chains, as in railways, should be fixed so that the occupants
may call for help in times of danger. On hearing the call
the crew will rush to the room and attend to the requirements
of the passengers. Sound transmitter, image transmitter,
direction indicator, time-piece, and cold and heat gauges
should be installed on either side of the floor, with necessary
Then in order to protect against excessive wind currents,
storms, and heat-waves, three machines should be installed
at the back, on either side, and on both sides of the turret.
They are described in "Yantra Sarvasva" as three-faced
air protection yantra, solar-blaze conditioning yantra,
and rain storm protection yantra. Their construction is
given here as per shaastras.
First, three-faced air force reducing yantra. It must
be made of Vaaruna Metal:
Vaaripanka, vishaari, borax, jaalikaa, mango, vishodara,
vaaripanchaka, kshaarasaptaka, kshona, manjula or madder
root, godhara, vaarunaasyaka, paarvana or chlorodendrum
phlomoides, aruna, kaakatunda, bhoodhara, vaarunaabhraka,
natron, kundaaleemukha, lodhra or benzoin, varikudmala or
water flower, shaarikaarasa, panchabaanasahodara, lead 5
parts, soorana or tacca, honey 8 parts, vaata, kankanikodara,
Sunda, anjana or eye-black, kukkutaandaka, khaadira or brown-barked
acacia, loddhruka, simhikaa-mukha, koormajangha, and masoorika
or lentil, all these to be cleaned, and filled in crucible,
placed in padmamukha furnace, and heated to 900 degrees
with 5 faced bellows, poured into equifying yantra and churned,
will yield a light, smoke-coloured, impregnable vaaruna
Then it is to be purified, according to "Kriyaasaara."
First, place it in shundeera acid (great-leaved laburnum?)
and boil for 3 days, and then with kuttinee yantra beat
it into flat pattis, make thick decoction of soorana root
or tacca, and smear it to 1 inch thickness on it and heat
it for 3 yaamaas or 9 hours. Then mritsaara, vaagura, opium,
should be boiled together for a day. The concoctions will
become red like lac. The metal patti should be smeared with
it and heated in the taapana yantra for a yaama or 3 hours.
Then keep it
in the sun for a day. Then kantaka or small caltrap,
heranda, dhavalodara, and chaaraka, and gingelly should
be mixed together, and the oil extracted. The metal should
be smeared with it and kept in the sun for 3 days, and then
heated in the sun for a day. Then paste the gum of kankola
or cubeb pepper 1 inch thick, and stick into it thumb-sized
vaatakuthaaraka manis, place in furnace of brown-barked
acacia and cool for 9 hours. The metal will become like
Out of this a cover should be made for the vimaana, with
necessary fittings for spreading over and folding up, connected
with electric wires drawn from inside the vimaana. The charge
of electricity will permeate all over, as well as the manis
on the pattika. Three serpent-faced keelakas should be fixed.
These will suck in the fierce wind as it blows, and belch
it out to the upper regions, so that the wind force on the
vimaana will be curbed, and danger therefrom averted.
The rain storm protection yantra should be made of crowncha
metal. Says "Kriyaasaara", The metal that can destroy the
dravapraanana force of water is krowncha loha. Therefore
the varshopasamhaara yantra should be made out of that alone.
Krowncha loha is described in "Mantra Sarvasva" as follows:
Jyotirmukha or rose-coloured red-wort 8 parts, tryambaka
or copper 11 parts, humsa-tunda 12 parts, camphor 7 parts,
tankana or borax 8 parts, sand 4 parts, choorna or lime
12 parts, owrwaara or cucumber?, ruruka 5 parts, patola
or snake-gourd 27 parts, and vaardhyushika or sea-foam 1
part, these to be cleaned and placed in crucible, and heated
in padma furnace to 512 degrees with 3 faced bellows, poured
into churning yantra, and then cooled, will yield, a metal,
honey-coloured, light, strong, rain-storm antidote, and
heat-impregnated. Extracting oil from the seeds of basil,
rukma or yellow thistle, punkha, red wort, trijataa or bael,
and pancha-kantaki or 5 thorny trees, the metal should be
smeared and heated. The metal is to be made into pattis
with kuttinee yantra, make pipes out of them 3 feet wide
of the same height as the vimaana, and fix them properly
all around. In front of the vimaanaa-avarana also 3 feet
high pipes should be fixed with keelakas or hinges. The
pipes should be smeared with chana or gram decoction 1 inch
thick. On that vajragarbha decoction or triangular spurge
milk should be
smeared thrice, which will make it hard as diamond. On
the pipes, at 12 inches intervals, sinjeeta vajra should
be smeared and heated by fire. Then thumb-size panchaasya
manis which will counteract the effects of water, should
be imbedded on the smeared pipes. Then the pipes with proper
fittings at both ends should be fixed on the 8 sides of
the vimaana. Wires proceeding from the electric generator
should be taken through glass tube and connected to the
pipes. When the current passes through them to the panchaasya
mani, the concentrated force in it blending with the electric
force will fiercely oppose the forces of the rain storm
and disturb the atmosphere so as to dilute and weaken the
storm, and render it ineffective. Therefore the varshopahaaraka
yantra should be fixed on the vimaana.
Sooryaathapopasamhaara yantra or the burning-sun protection
It is to be made out of the aathapaashana loha. It is
explained in Kriyaasaara: Aatapaashana loha protects against
burning sun. Therefore Aatapa samhaara yantra should be
made with that metal. "Lohatantra" describes that metal.
Owrvaarika, kowshika, gaaruda, soubhadraka, chaandrika,
sarpanetra, sringaataka, sowmyaka, chitraloha, vishvodara,
panchamukha, virinchi, these twelve metals should be put
in equal parts in padma-moosha crucible. Borax 7 parts,
chowlika 5 parts, cowree salt 6 parts, kunjara 12 parts,
sand 9 parts, camphor 4 parts, cardamom 16 parts, powshnika
10 parts, should be added to them, and placing it in nalikaa
furnace heated to 725 degrees with mooshakaasya bhastrika
bellows. Then the liquid should be put in, the mixing machine,
and afterwards poured into the cooler. The resulting alloy
will be light, orange coloured, heat proof, and unbreakable,
for the making of sooryaathapopasamhaara yantra, after being
duly purified, says Yantrasarvasva.
Kriyaasaara explains its purification:
Ashwaththa or sacred fig tree, mango, plantain, aala
or banyan, baadava or peepul, trimukhee, trijata or bael,
gunja or wild liquorice, sherinee, onurberah, patolika or
snake gourd, the bark of these trees should be powdered,
should be filled in vessel with 10 times as much water,
and boiled down to one-tenth measure.
Then taking the 11 kinds of salts, bidaa-lavana or table-salt,
syndhava or rock-salt, oushara or saline earth, budila salt,
maacheepatra salt or
solanum indicum?, praanakshaara panchaka, or 5 urine
salts or ammonium chloride? and saamudra or sea-salt, these
eleven salts, should be placed in dravaakarshana yantra
or dehydration machine and boiled. Taking the previous decoction,
add half as much this decoction, put the aatapaashana metal
in it and boil for 5 days, then wash with water, and anoint
with honey, and place in hot sun for 3 days, then wash it,
and use it for producing the yantra.
First pattikas should be made from the metal with kuttinee
yantra, 2 feet square, or circle, and 3 feet thick. On that
3 pipes, 1 foot wide and 5 feet high, should be fixed. Three
triangular glass bowls should be placed underneath the pipes.
In each of them one prastha or seer of somadraavaka or white
acacia juice should be filled. In each vessel a heat proof
crystal of the 121st class should be cleaned with acid and
placed. Then an umbrella shape 10 feet wide should be made
out of the metal, and fixed so as to cover the 3 pipes,
with revolving keelakas fixed half-a-foot underneath the
umbrella cover. Above that 3 kalasas, 3 feet wide and shaped
like cooking vessel, should be fixed. At their centre circular
chaalapattikas should be fixed. Upon that three cold-diffusing
crystals of the 185th number, should be fixed. On them three
black mica wheels should be fixed. They should be covered
with chandrikaa toolikaa or white silk cotton. On that should
be placed a vessel with acid of manjoosha or madder root,
in which a heat-resisting crystal is immersed. In the front
part the toothed mica wheels fitted with bhraamanee-danda
keelakas should be fixed. And in order to revolve that keelaka
3 wheeled keelaka should be fixed. By its motion the umbrella
will revolve disturbing the heat wave. Then the heat-absorbing
mica wheels will absorb the heat, which, pas-sing down to
the madder-root acid, will become cold and get extinguished.
And the crew and passengers will be saved from its evil
The Third Floor:
In erecting the 3rd floor of the vimaana, the same procedure
as was followed in erecting the second floor should be followed.
Like the fixtures in the flooring of the 2nd aavarana and
roofing of the 1st aavarana, fixtures should be put in connecting
the roofing of the 2nd aavarana and the peetha of the 3rd
aavarana. The peetha of the 3rd floor should be 5 feet less
than the peetha of the 2nd floor, and be
square or circular like it. The cabins, doors, walls,
and furniture on the 3rd floor should be on the same lines
as in the 2nd floor. In the north eastern part of the 3rd
floor, a cabin should be prepared for housing the electric
generator. It should be made out of somaanka loha.
Somaanka loha is explained in "Lohatantra" as follows:
Lead, panchaasya, and copper, 7 parts each, Chumbaka or
loadstone 9 parts, nalikaa or Indian spikenard bark, sharaanika
or rubus salt?, and borax, in equal parts, to be filled
in sarpamukha crucible, and placed in naagakunda furnace,
filled with coal, and heated to 353 degrees with shashamukha
bellows. After melting the liquid should be filled in the
mixer, and after churning be poured out to cool. The resulting
metal will be a fine, light, electricity-impregnated somaanka
loha. Out of that metal pattikas should be made with kuttinee
yantra, or hammering yantra.
A cradle-like vessel, 3 feet wide and 8 feet high, should
be made out of it, and be covered with a pattika with hinges.
On the eastern and northern part of the cover two holes
1½ feet wide should be made. The cradle should be fixed
in the electric cabin. Below the holes, two peethas should
be fixed in the cradle. Two vessels 2 feet wide and 4 feet
high should be prepared. Eight goblets 6 inches wide and
1 foot high should be made, and 4 each should be placed
in the two vessels, in their four corners. In the middle
of the 4 goblets, a big goblet should be placed so as to
contact all the four. 2 vessels covered with patties having
5 holes should be placed inside the 2 holes in the cradle
cover. Teethed churners 5 inches in size, 8 inches in height,
like those of sugarcane machines, 8 in number, should be
placed in the 8 goblets in the two vessels in the cradle.
2 churners, bigger than these should be placed in the two
central goblets beneath the two holes. Fixtures should be
fixed on the central churner so that by their turning all
the other churners will turn.
The procedure for extracting electricity out of solar
rays is as follows. 8 naalas or tubes should be prepared
out of the 192nd kind of amshupa glass. The naalas should
be fixed on the 4 corners of each vessel. Panchamukhi karnikaas
should be placed on them, filled with rukmapunkhaa shana,
and with electric crystals in them. Covering them
with the amshupaa glass cover, 5 spires should be formed
on it. The top of each spire should be like an open beak,
and in it should be inserted sinjeeraka crystal and amshupaa
crystal. On the central spire amshu-mitra mani should be
fixed. Above the 4 crystals should be fixed 4 glass tubes
made of kiranaakarshana glass, 6 inches wide and 3 feet
high. On them should be carefully fixed 4 feet-wide-mouthed
vessels, acid cleaned. They should be filled with Rudrajataa-vaala
or aristolochia indica linn. Revolving ghutikas should be
placed in their centre. The ghutikaas will attract the solar
rays and send them through the tubes. The crystals in the
spire beaks will suck them in. So does the shinjeera crystal
inside, as also the amshu-mitra crystal. The power will
be absorbed by the glass-covering, and sent to the electric
crystal. Then the karnikas inside will receive it and send
down to the central tube with force. When the central churner
revolves the other churners also revolve. The power will
enter the acid, and the crystals in it will whirl with great
speed, intensifying the power force to the extent of 1080
linkas. That force should be collected by the ganapa-yantra
in front of the cradle, and stored in the central storage.
The Ganapa-yantra is a machine shaped like Vighneshwara,
1 foot broad, and 3 feet high. From its head a tubular projection
elephant's trunk, covered with glass and with wires inside
should be fixed at the front of the cradle, and connected
to the Ganapa image from the neck to the navel. Three-inch
toothed wheels should be so fixed that a big wheel at the
neck of the image, by force of the current coming through
the trunk or proboscis will whirl, setting the other wheels
in motion. A coil of wire should be placed in the centre.
On it a sapta-shashthi shankha or conch called simhikaa
should be placed, with covering made of kravyaada metal.
5 spoonfuls of jeevaavaka acid (ditamine?) should be filled
in the conch, and 217
bhaamukha graamukha manis or beads should be placed inside.
5 umbrellas, 2 inches wide, should be made, and 5 sun-crystals
of the size of big liquorice, should be stuck on them. The
umbrellas should be fixed on the conch, with amshupa glass
covering. This should attract the force of the sun rays,
and pass to the crystals on the umbrellas, making the crystals
and the umbrellas whirl with fierce force of 1000 linkas,
and the force passing to the acid in the conch and the crystal
inside, will thence pass westwards, and could be transmitted
through wires for any desired use. To measure its exact
force a meter should be fixed in, along with thermometer
and other needful equipments.
When the vimaana has to move on the ground, the electric
current is switched on the electric motor in the hub of
each wheel, thus causing the rim to revolve and move the
But when entering water the wheels are drawn in by the
movements of toothed segment and the pinion, the latter
being revolved by an electric motor attached to the shaft.
The openings in the bottom of the vimaana are closed by
the sliding covers moved by the rack and pinion arrangement,
the pinion being worked by an electric motor.
The movements of the hinged joints of the folding links
will raise or lower the second floor over the first floor.
Two jars are placed on the peetha or stand. Each jar
contains five cups filled with acids. Each cup has a churning
rod with gear-wheels connected together. The wheels are
revolved by hand while starting, and by the generated electric
power afterwards. A darpana or mirror and gharshana manis
are fixed above the gear wheels. The darpana and the manis
absorb the sun's energy and transmit it to the acid cups.
The acids, being churned, convert the absorbed energy into
electric current, which will pass through the pancha-mukhee
naala, or five-way-switch, to different points, and work
the machines there.
The electric motor consists of a loop of fine wire coil,
with a fine wire cage in the centre. The current from the
generator is brought to the wire coil through a glass tube.
Suitable wheels are attached to the wire cage to connect
to the churning gears of the generator or the shaft of the
The Simhika shankha on the top of the motor contains
an acid and the bhaamukha-graahinee mani or crystal. Five
rods with amshupaamitra manis are fitted to the top of the
shankha, and toothed wheels are fitted to these rods to
revolve together and rub against the inner surface of amshupaa
mirror at the top. The solar power absorbed by the mirror
is stored in the shankha, and given out by the bhaamukha
graahinee mani to the various motors in the vimaana.
the description of Tripura Vimaana.
And that brings
us to the end of the WONDER MANUSCRIPT
for the edification of Mankind by the venerable mystic
SASTRI whose occult powers visualised this
much from the
SHAASTRA" section of the giant "YANTRA SARVASVA"
of divine sage